1989 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1989 in spaceflight.

1989 in spaceflight
The Galileo probe is deployed from Space Shuttle Atlantis on STS-34, beginning a fourteen-year mission to Jupiter
Orbital launches
First10 January
Last27 December
Total102
Successes101
Failures1
Rockets
Maiden flightsAriane 4 44L
Delta 4925
Delta 5920
Delta II 6925
Titan IVA
RetirementsAriane 2
Ariane 3
Atlas G
Delta 3920
Delta 5920
Titan 34D
Crewed flights
Orbital6
Total travellers27

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

10 January
02:05
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 1987 (GLONASS) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1988 (GLONASS) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1989 (Etalon-2) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
12 January
11:29
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2
Kosmos 1990 (Resurs-F2) Low Earth Reconnaissance11 FebruarySuccessful
18 January
08:20
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 1991 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance1 FebruarySuccessful
26 January
09:16
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/40
Gorizont 17 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
26 January
15:36
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1992 (Strela-2M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
27 January
01:23
Ariane 2 Kourou ELA-1 Arianespace
Intelsat 515 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
28 January
12:30
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 1993 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance27 MarchSuccessful

February

10 February
08:53
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 40 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics5 March
01:59
Successful
10 February
15:13
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32
Kosmos 1994 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1995 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1996 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1997 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1998 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1999 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
10 February
16:55
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2000 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance3 MarchSuccessful
14 February
04:21
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk
Kosmos 2001 (Oko) Molniya Early warningIn orbitSuccessful
14 February
17:00
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 2002 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Radar calibration15 OctoberSuccessful
14 February
18:30
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-35 (GPS II-1) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Delta II 6925
First flight of Block II GPS satellite
15 February
11:00
Molniya-M/ML Baikonur
Molniya 1-75 Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
17 February
14:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2003 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance3 MarchSuccessful
21 February
23:30
Mu-3S-II Uchinoura ISAS
EXOS-D Akebono ISAS Low Earth Aurora observationIn orbitSuccessful
22 February
03:28
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 2004 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
28 February
04:05
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32
Meteor 2-18 Low Earth Earth sciencesIn orbitSuccessful

March

2 March
18:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2005 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance25 AprilSuccessful
6 March
23:29
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
JCSAT 1 JSAT Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Meteosat 4 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Weather satelliteIn orbitSuccessful
13 March
14:57
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B
STS-29 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment18 March
14:36
Successful
TDRS-4 (TDRS-D) NASA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
16 March
14:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2006 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance31 MarchSuccessful
16 March
18:54
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 41 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics25 April
12:12
Successful
23 March
12:25
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2007 (Yantar-4KS1) Low Earth Reconnaissance22 SeptemberSuccessful
24 March
13:38
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 2008 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2009 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2010 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2011 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2012 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2013 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2014 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2015 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
24 March
21:50
Delta 3920 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-36 (Delta Star) US Air Force Low Earth Technology development23 June 1992Successful
Final flight of Delta 3920

April

2 April
02:28
Ariane 2 Kourou ELA-1 Arianespace
Tele-X Nordic Satellite AB Operational: Geosynchronous
Current: Graveyard
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Ariane 2
Tele-X retired 16 January 1998
4 April
18:36
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 2016 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
6 April
14:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2017 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance19 AprilSuccessful
14 April
04:08
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Raduga 23 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
20 April
18:29
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2018 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance19 JuneSuccessful
26 April
17:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Foton 5 Low Earth Microgravity research11 MaySuccessful

May

4 May
18:47
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39B
STS-30 NASA Low Earth Interplanetary probe deployment8 May
05:43
Successful
Magellan NASA Cytherean Radar mapping12 October 1994Successful
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
5 May
13:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2019 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance18 MaySuccessful
10 May
19:47
Titan 34D/Transtage Cape Canaveral LC-40 Martin Marietta
USA-37 (Vortex 6) NRO Geosynchronous SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
17 May
13:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2020 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance15 JulySuccessful
24 May
10:30
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2021 (Yantar-1KFT) Low Earth Reconnaissance6 JulySuccessful
25 May
08:50
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Resurs-F1 Low Earth Reconnaissance17 JuneSuccessful
Pion 1 Low Earth Atmospheric research23 JulySuccessful
Pion 2 Low Earth Atmospheric research24 JulySuccessful
31 May
08:31
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/40
Kosmos 2022 (GLONASS) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2023 (GLONASS) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2024 (Etalon 2) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful

June

1 June
12:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2025 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance15 JuneSuccessful
5 June
22:37
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Superbird A SCC Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
DFS-1 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Ariane 4 44L
7 June
05:12
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 2026 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
8 June
17:09
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk
Molniya 3-45L Molniya Communications14 December 2001Successful
9 June
10:10
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/2
Okean-01 Intended: Low Earth 9 JuneLaunch failure
10 June
22:19
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-38 (GPS II-2) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
14 June
12:30
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3
Kosmos 2027 (Taifun-1) Low Earth Radar calibration14 April 1992Successful
14 June
13:18
Titan IVA 402/IUS Cape Canaveral LC-41 Martin Marietta
USA-39 (DSP-14) US Air Force Geosynchronous Early warningIn orbitOperational
Maiden flight of Titan IVA
16 June
09:30
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2028 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance6 JulySuccessful
21 June
23:35
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Raduga 1-1 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
27 June
08:04
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2
Resurs-F2 Low Earth Reconnaissance11 JulySuccessful

July

4 July
15:21
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3
Nadezhda 1 Low Earth Maritime surveillanceIn orbitSuccessful
5 July
08:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2029 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance17 JulySuccessful
5 July
22:45
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/40
Gorizont 18 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
12 July
00:14
Ariane 3 Kourou ELA-1 Arianespace
Olympus 1 ESA Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Ariane 3 and launch from ELA-1
12 July
15:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2030 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance28 JulySpacecraft failure
Spacecraft exploded in orbit on 28 July
18 July
09:44
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 16/2
Resurs-F3 Low Earth Reconnaissance8 AugustSuccessful
Pion 3 Low Earth Atmospheric research19 SeptemberSuccessful
Pion 4 Low Earth Atmospheric research19 SeptemberSuccessful
18 July
12:10
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Kosmos 2031 (Ortlets-1) Low Earth Reconnaissance15 SeptemberSuccessful
20 July
08:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2032 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance3 AugustSuccessful
24 July
00:00
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 2033 (US-P) Low Earth ELINT6 January 1991Successful
25 July
07:48
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 133/3
Kosmos 2034 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful

August

2 August
11:29
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2035 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance16 AugustSuccessful
8 August
12:37
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39B
STS-28 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment13 AugustSuccessful
USA-40 (SDS-2-1) US Air Force Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
USA-41 DoD SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
8 August
23:25
Ariane 4 44LP Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
TV-Sat 2 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Hipparcos ESA Geosynchronous transfer AstronomyIn orbitSuccessful
15 August
10:29
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Resurs-F4 Low Earth Reconnaissance14 SeptemberSuccessful
18 August
05:57
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-42 (GPS II-3) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
22 August
12:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2036 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance5 SeptemberSuccessful
23 August
03:09
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress M-1 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics1 December
11:21
Successful
Maiden flight of Progress-M spacecraft
27 August
22:59
Delta 4925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
Marco Polo 1 BSkyB Operational: Geosynchronous
Current: Graveyard
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Delta 4925
28 August
00:14
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/2
Kosmos 2037 (Geo-IK) Low Earth Earth scienceIn orbitSuccessful

September

4 September
05:54
Titan 34D/Transtage Cape Canaveral LC-40 Martin Marietta
USA-43 (DSCS-II) DoD Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
USA-44 (DSCS-III) DoD Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Final flight of Titan 34D and Transtage upper stage
5 September
19:11
H-I Tanegashima LA-N Mitsubishi
GMS-4 NASDA Geosynchronous Weather satelliteIn orbitSuccessful
5 September
21:38
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz TM-8 Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-519 February 1990
04:36
Successful
Manned orbital flight with 2 cosmonauts
6 September
01:48
Titan II 23G Vandenberg SLC-4W Martin Marietta
USA-45 DoD SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
6 September
10:49
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
/Resurs-F5 Low Earth Microgravity experiments22 SeptemberSuccessful
14 September
09:49
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32
Kosmos 2038 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2039 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2040 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2041 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2042 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 2043 (Strela-3) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
15 September
06:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
//Kosmos 2044 (Bion 9) ESA/NASA Low Earth Microgravity research29 SeptemberSuccessful
22 September
08:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2045 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance2 OctoberSuccessful
25 September
08:56
Atlas G Cape Canaveral LC-36B Lockheed
USA-46 (FLTSATCOM 8) DoD Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Atlas G
27 September
14:38
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk
Molniya 1-76 Molniya Communications11 November 2000Successful
27 September
16:20
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 2046 (US-P) Low Earth Naval reconnaissance16 April 1991Successful
28 September
00:04
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/2
Intercosmos 24 Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitSuccessful
Magion 2 Low Earth Atmospheric researchIn orbitSuccessful
28 September
17:05
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/40
Gorizont 19 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

October

3 October
14:59
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2047 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance21 NovemberSuccessful
17 October
13:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2048 (Zenit-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance26 OctoberSuccessful
18 October
16:53
Space Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy LC-39B
STS-34 NASA Low Earth Interplanetary probe deployment23 OctoberSuccessful
Galileo NASA Jovian Jupiter orbiter21 September 2003Successful
Galileo Probe NASA Jovian Jupiter entry probe7 December 1995Successful
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
21 October
09:31
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17A McDonnell Douglas
USA-47 (GPS II-4) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
24 October
21:35
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32
Meteor 3-3 Low Earth Earth scienceIn orbitSuccessful
27 October
23:05
Ariane 4 44L Kourou ELA-2 Arianespace
Intelsat 602 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

November

17 November
10:50
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Kosmos 2049 (Yantar-4KS1) Low Earth Reconnaissance19 June 1990Successful
18 November
14:34
Delta 5920 Vandenberg SLC-2W McDonnell Douglas
COBE NASA Sun-synchronous CosmologyIn orbitSuccessful
Only flight of Delta 5920
23 November
00:23
Space Shuttle Discovery Kennedy LC-39B
STS-33 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment28 NovemberSuccessful
USA-48 (Magnum-2) NRO Geosynchronous ELINTIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
23 November
20:35
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk
Kosmos 2050 (Oko) Molniya Early warningIn orbitSuccessful
24 November
23:22
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 2051 (US-P) Low Earth Naval reconnaissance21 January 1991Successful
26 November
13:01
Proton-K Baikonur Site 200/39
Kvant-2 Low Earth (Mir) Mir component23 March 2001
05:50
Successful
28 November
10:02
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk
Molniya 3-46L Molniya Communications20 May 2000Successful
30 November
15:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk
Kosmos 2052 (Yantar-4K2) Low Earth Reconnaissance24 January 1990Successful

December

1 December
20:20
Proton-K/D-1 Baikonur Site 200/40
/Granat CNES High Earth Astronomy25 May 1999Successful
11 December
18:10
Delta II 6925 Cape Canaveral LC-17B McDonnell Douglas
USA-49 (GPS II-5) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
15 December
11:30
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 81/23
Raduga 24 Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
20 December
03:30
Soyuz-U2 Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress M-2 Low Earth (Mir) Logistics9 February 1990
07:56
Successful
27 December
00:00
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/2
Kosmos 2053 (Koltso 2) Low Earth Radar calibration2 September 1997Successful
27 December
11:10
Proton-K/DM-2 Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 2054 (Luch) Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitOperational

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
23 JanuaryPhobos 1Flyby of MarsFailed orbiter mission
29 JanuaryPhobos 2Areocentric orbit injection
27 MarchPhobos 2Enters synchronous orbit of Phobos
25 AugustVoyager 2Flyby of NeptuneClosest approach: 44,800 kilometres (27,800 mi)

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes


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