1989 Japanese House of Councillors election
Elections for the Japanese House of Councillors were held in Japan on 23 July 1989.
126 (of the 252) seats in the House of Councillors
127 seats needed for a majority
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The election result was a setback for ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) because of the Recruit scandal, the introduction of a 3% consumption tax, and the involvement of Prime Minister Uno Sōsuke in a sex scandal.
This is the first time that the LDP lost the majority in the House of Councillors. Since 1989, due to the House of Councillors without a simple majority, LDP needs to cooperate and form coalitions with other parties.
The Japan Socialist Party-led opposition won a majority of seats.
|Party||PR seats||District seats||Total Elected 1989||Total|
|Liberal Democratic Party||15||21||36||109|
|Japan Socialist Party||20||26||46||66|
|Rengō no kai||0||11||11||12|
|Democratic Socialist Party||2||1||3||8|
- About Japan Series (1999), Changing Japanese Politics, No. 24, Tokyo: Foreign Press Center.
- Mahendra Prakash (2004), Coalition Experience in Japanese Politics: 1993-2003, New Delhi: JNU.