1983 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1983 in spaceflight.

1983 in spaceflight
Rockets
Maiden flightsAtlas H
Space Shuttle Challenger
RetirementsAtlas-Centaur SLV-3D
Crewed flights
Orbital6
Total travellers25

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

February

9 February
13:47
Atlas H Vandenberg SLC-3E
OPS-0252 (NOSS 5) US Navy Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Atlas H

March

2 March
09:37
Proton-K Baikonur Site 200/39
Kosmos 1443 (TKS-3) FGB Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics19 September
00:28
Successful
Kosmos-1443 (TKS-3) VA Low Earth (Salyut 7) Sample return23 AugustSuccessful
28 March
15:52
Atlas E/Star-37S-ISS Vandenberg SLC-3W
NOAA-8 (NOAA-E) NOAA Sun-synchronous MeteorologyIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Spacecraft failed in June 1984[1]

April

4 April
18:30
Space Shuttle Challenger Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-6 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment9 April
18:53
Successful
TDRS-1 (TDRS-A) NASA Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitOperational
Manned orbital flight with four astronauts; Maiden flight of Space Shuttle Challenger
15 April
18:45
Titan 24B Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS-2925 (KH-8-53) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance21 AugustSuccessful
20 April
13:10
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-8 Low Earth
Planned: Docked to Salyut 7
Salyut 7 EO-222 April
13:28
Docking failure
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts; Failed to dock with Salyut 7

May

19 May
22:26
Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D Cape Canaveral LC-36A
Intelsat 506 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D

June

9 June
23:23
Atlas H Vandenberg SLC-3E
OPS-6432 (NOSS 6) US Navy Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
16 June
11:59
Ariane 1 Kourou ELA CNES
Eutelsat 1F1 Eutelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Oscar 10 AMSAT Geosynchronous transfer CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Eutelsat 1F1 retired in 1996
18 June
11:33
Space Shuttle Challenger Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-7 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment24 June
14:56
Successful
Anik C2 Telesat Canada Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geostationary
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Palapa B1 Telkom Indonesia Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
SPAS-I NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Microgravity research24 June
14:56
Successful
OSTA-2 NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Scientific experiments24 June
14:56
Successful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts; including the first female American astronaut, Sally Ride
Anik C2 retired 7 January 1998
20 June
18:45
Titan 34D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS-0721 (KH-9-18) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance21 March 1984Successful
OPS-3899 (SSF-C-7) NRO Sun-synchronous ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
27 June
09:12
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-9 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EO-223 November
19:58
Successful
Manned orbital flight with two cosmonauts

July

14 July
10:21
Atlas E/SGS-2 Vandenberg SLC-3W
GPS-8 US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
31 July
15:41
Titan 34B Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS-7304 (Jumpseat 7) NRO Molniya SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful

August

17 August
12:08
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 17 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics17 September
23:43
Successful
30 August
06:32
Space Shuttle Challenger Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-8 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment5 September
07:40
Successful
INSAT 1B ISRO Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Payload Flight Test Article NASA Low Earth (Challenger) Payload compatibility testing5 September
07:40
Successful
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts

October

19 October
00:45
Ariane 1 Kourou ELA CNES
Intelsat 507 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
20 October
09:59
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Progress 18 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics16 November
04:18
Successful

November

18 November
06:32
Atlas E/Star-37S-ISS Vandenberg SLC-3W
DMSP 5D-2 F7 US Air Force Sun-synchronous MeteorologyIn orbitSuccessful
28 November
16:00
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-9 NASA Low Earth Microgravity research8 December
23:47
Successful
Spacelab Long Module 1 NASA/ESRO Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity research
Manned orbital flight with six astronauts; Maiden flight of Spacelab Long Module

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
10 OctoberVenera 15Entered Cytherean orbitRadar mapper mission
14 OctoberVenera 16Entered Cytherean orbitRadar mapper mission
21 OctoberISEE-3/ICE4th flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 17,440 kilometres (10,840 mi)
22 DecemberISEE-3/ICE5th flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 120 kilometres (75 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
7 April
21:05
4 hours
10 minutes
8 April
01:15
STS-6 ( Challenger) Story Musgrave
Donald H. Peterson
Test spacesuits and tools for future space construction.[2] First spacewalk from a Space Shuttle.[3]
1 November
04:47
2 hours
50 minutes
07:36 Salyut 7 EO-2 Vladimir Lyakhov
Aleksandr Aleksandrov
Installed a new solar panel to increase the station's electrical output.
3 November
03:47
2 hours
55 minutes
06:42 Salyut 7 EO-2 Vladimir Lyakhov
Aleksandr Aleksandrov
Installed a second new solar panel, increasing electrical output by 50%.

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. Ottawan (2005). "Mission: STS 6". The Space Race. TheSpaceRace.com. Retrieved 15 February 2009.
  2. "STS-6". Space Shuttle Mission Archives. NASA. Retrieved 14 February 2009.


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