1983 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 6 November 1983, the first since 1977 because the democratic rights were abandoned after the military coup of 1980. The National Security Council banned the previous political parties from participating, leading to the establishment of new parties.[1] Turgut Özal's Motherland Party (ANAP) won a significant victory in this elections by gaining 45.14% of the votes. This victory was the starting point of a rapid change in the structure of the state and society in Turkey.[2] Voter turnout was 76.6%.[3]

1983 Turkish general election

November 6, 1983

Total of 400 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
201 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Turgut Özal Necdet Calp Turgut Sunalp
Leader since 20 May 1983 21 May 1983 16 May 1983
Leader's seat İstanbul Ankara İzmir
Last election New party New party New party
Seats won 211 117 71
Seat change 211 117 71
Popular vote 7,833,148 5,285,804 4,036,970
Percentage 45.14% 30.46% 23.27%
Swing 45.14% 30.46% 23.27%

Prime Minister before election

Bülent Ulusu
(Military rule)

Elected Prime Minister

Turgut Özal

The People's Party (HP) was the continuation of the former CHP and was the only left-wing participant in the election. The Nationalist Democracy Party was founded by the military junta of the time, whilst the Motherland Party was seen as the successor of the Justice Party (AP) by some circles but Süleyman Demirel, the leader of AP, would later form the DYP to challenge the power of Turgut Özal's Motherland Party. With a first-ever televised debate on TRT, the elections brought a new factor into the political campaign. Necdet Calp was a long serving politician, Sunalp a high-ranking officer, and both had little to offer to confront Turgut Özal rhetorical skills.[4]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Motherland Party7,833,14845.1211New
People's Party5,285,80430.5117New
Nationalist Democracy Party4,036,97023.371New
Invalid/blank votes886,852
Source: Nohlen et al.

Owing to a registration error in the town of Bingöl, ANAP were unable to take one of the seats they had won there, lowering the total number of MPs in the chamber to 399.


  1. Turkey - Political Developments since the 1980 Coup Country Studies
  2. "ucnokta.com". Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  3. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p257 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  4. Wuthrich, F. Michael (2015-07-28). National Elections in Turkey: People, Politics, and the Party System. Syracuse University Press. p. 189. ISBN 9780815634126.
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