1982 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1982 in spaceflight.

1982 in spaceflight
National firsts
Space traveller France
Rockets
Maiden flightsTitan 34D
RetirementsTitan IIIC
Titan IIID
Crewed flights
Orbital6
Total travellers16

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

7 January
15:38[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1331 (Strela-2M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
14 January
07:51[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1333 (Parus) Low Earth Communications
Navigation
In orbitSuccessful
16 January
01:55[1]
Delta 3910/PAM-D Cape Canaveral LC-17A
Satcom 4 Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
21 January
19:30
Titan III(24)B Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 2849 (KH-852) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging23 MaySuccessful
29 January
11:00[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1335 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration5 April 1987Successful

February

11 February
01:11[1]
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1337 (US-PM1) Low Earth ELINT25 JulySpacecraft failure
Satellite propulsion or avionics system failed
17 February
21:56[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1339 (Tsikada) Low Earth Navigationin orbit?Successful
26 February
00:04:44[1]
Delta 3910/PAM-D Cape Canaveral LC-17A
Westar 4 Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

March

4 March Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar Site 107/1[1]
Taifun-2 Intended: Low Earth Calibration4 MarchLaunch failure
5 March
00:23
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR Cape Canaveral LC-36A
Intelsat 504 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
6 March
19:25
Titan III(23)C Cape Canaveral LC-40
OPS 8701 (DSP-10) US Air Force Geosynchronous Early warningIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Titan IIIC
22 March
16:00
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-3 NASA Low Earth Development test flight30 March
16:04
Successful
Development Flight Instrumentation NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Monitor orbiter performanceSuccessful
OSTA-1 NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Remote sensingSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with two astronauts
Only Shuttle flight to land at White Sands Space Harbor
Shuttle Imaging Radar-A (SIR-1)
24 March
19:47[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1[1]
Kosmos 1344 (Parus) Low Earth Communications
Navigation
In orbitSuccessful
25 March
09:50[1]
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/1[1]
Meteor-2 No.8 Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
31 March
09:00[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1345 (Tselina-O) Low Earth ELINT27 September 1989Successful

April

8 April
00:15[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2[1]
Kosmos 1349 (Parus) Low Earth Communication
Navigation
In orbitSuccessful
10 April
06:47[1]
Delta 3910/PAM-D Cape Canaveral LC-17A
INSAT-1A ISRO Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Attitude control system malfunction, ceased operations in September 1983[2]
19 April
19:45:00[1]
Proton-K Baikonur Site 200/40
Salyut 7 (DOS-6) Low Earth Space station7 February 1991Successful
Final space station launched as part of the Salyut programme
21 April
01:40[1]
Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar Site 107/1
Kosmos 1351 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration14 March 1983Successful
28 April
02:52[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1[1]
Kosmos 1354 (Strela-2) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
29 April
09:55[1]
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1355 (US-PM1) Low Earth ELINT7 March 1984Successful

May

6 May
18:07[1]
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1357 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1358 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1359 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1360 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1361 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1362 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1363 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1364 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
11 May
18:35
Titan III(23)D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS 5642 (KH-9-17) NRO Sun-synchronous Optical imaging5 DecemberSuccessful
OPS 6553 (SSF-D) NRO Sun-synchronous ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
13 May
09:58
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-5 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EO-127 August
15:04
Successful
Manned orbital flight with two cosmonauts, first mission to Salyut 7
14 May
19:39
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1365 (US-A) Low Earth Radar imaging19 OctoberSuccessful
23 May
05:58
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 13 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics6 June
00:05
Successful

June

1 June
04:37
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132 or LC133
Kosmos-1371 (875 kg) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees comsatin orbit?Successful
1 June
13:58
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur LC 90
Kosmos-1372 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.1 degrees Reconnaissance9 September 1982Successful
3 June
21:30
Kosmos-3MP Kapustin Yar LC 107
BOR-4 (1074 kg) military fractional LEO, inclination 50.6 degrees Test3 June 1982Successful
6 June
17:10
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132 or LC133
Kosmos-1375 (750 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Anti-satellite weapon target18 June 1982 (destroyed in orbit)Successful
9 June
00:24
Delta 3910 Cape Canaveral LC-17A
Westar 5 (1108kg) Commercial GTO Communications satelliteunknownSuccessful
10 June
17:37
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk LC 32
Kosmos-1378 (2500 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.5 degrees ELINTin orbit as in 2012Successful
18 June
11:04
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur LC 90
Kosmos-1379 (1400 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Anti-satellite weapon18 June 1982, destroyed while in orbitSuccessful, destroyed Kosmos-1375
18 June
11:58
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1380 (810 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.9 degrees comsat and navigation27 June 1982Partial launch failure
Second stage malfunction during first burn resulted in low transfer orbit apogee. Satellite was deployed in lower than planned orbit.
24 June
16:29
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-6 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EP-12 July
14:20
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts including the first French space traveller
27 June
15:00
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-4 NASA Low Earth Developmental test flight4 July
16:09
Successful
Classified US Air Force In orbitSuccessful
Getaway Special Utah State Low Earth In orbitSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with two astronauts, final developmental test flight
29 June
21:45
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1383 (810 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.9 degrees navigation, technologyin orbit?Successful

July

7 July
09:47
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1386(Parus class) military LEO, inclination 83.0 degrees navigation, Communicationin orbitSuccessful
10 July
09:57
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Progress 14 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics13 August
01:29
Successful
16 July
17:59
Delta 3920 Vandenberg SLC-2W
Landsat 4 (1972kg) Civilian SSO Satellite imageryin orbit as in 2007Successful
21 July
06:31
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1388 - Kosmos 1395(Strela-1M class) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees Communicationin orbitSuccessful
29 July
19:40
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1397(Romb class) military LEO, inclination 50.6 degrees Calibrationin orbitSuccessful

August

19 August
17:11
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-7 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Salyut 7 EP-210 December
19:02
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
26 August
23:10
Delta 3920 Cape Canaveral LC-17A
Anik D1 (1238kg) Commercial GTO Communications satelliteunknownSuccessful
30 August
10:06
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur LC 90
Kosmos 1402 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.0 degrees Reconnaissance23 January 1983 (bus), 7 February 1983 (nuclear core)Successful
30 August
unknown
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
not assigned military none unknown30 AugustFailure to orbit

September

3 September
05:00
N-I Osaki LC
Kiku 4 (ETS 3) (385 kg) civilian LEO, inclination 44.6 degrees unknownunknownSuccessful
4 September
17:50
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur LC 90
Kosmos 1405 (3000 kg) military LEO, inclination 65.0 degrees ELINT5 February 1984Successful
9 September
02:12
Ariane 1 Kourou ELA Arianespace
MARECS B ESA Intended: Geosynchronous Communications9 SeptemberLaunch Failure
Sirio 2 Intended: Geosynchronous
Third stage turbopump malfunction
9 September
15:12
Conestoga I Matagorda Island Space Services Inc.
Test payload Space Services Inc. Suborbital Test flight9 SeptemberSuccessful
First private rocket to reach space. Apogee: ~ 309 kilometers (192 miles)[3][4]
16 September
??:??
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk LC 32
Kosmos-1408 (2500 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.6 degrees ELINTin orbit as in 2012Successful
18 September
04:58
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Progress 15 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics16 October
17:06
Successful
24 September
??:??
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk LC 32
Kosmos-1410 (2200 kg) military LEO, inclination 82.6 degrees Geodesyin orbit as in 2012Successful
28 September
23:17
Atlas-Centaur SLV-3D Cape Canaveral LC-36B
Intelsat 505 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

October

2 October
??:??
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur LC 90
Kosmos 1412 (3800 kg) military LEO, inclination 64.8 degrees Reconnaissance4 December 1982Successful
19 October
??:??
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos-1417(Parus class) military LEO, inclination 83.0 degrees navigation, Communicationin orbitSuccessful
21 October
01:40[1]
Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar LC 107
Kosmos 1418 (Taifun-1B class) military LEO Radar target30 September 1983Successful
28 October
??:??
Delta 3924 Cape Canaveral LC-17A
Aurora 1 (Satcom 5) (1102kg) Commercial GTO Communications satelliteunknownSuccessful
30 October
04:05
Titan 34D/IUS Cape Canaveral LC-40
OPS-9945 (DSCS II F-16) US Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
DSCS III A-1 US Air Force Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Maiden flight of Titan 34D and Inertial Upper Stage
31 October
11:20
Soyuz-U Baikonur
Progress 16 Low Earth (Salyut 7) Logistics14 December
17:17
Successful

November

11 November
??:??
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos 1420(Strela-2 class) military LEO, inclination 74.0 degrees Communicationin orbitSuccessful
11 November
12:19
Space Shuttle Columbia Kennedy LC-39A United Space Alliance
STS-5 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment16 November
14:33
Successful
SBS-3 SBS Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Anik C3 Telesat Canada Current: Graveyard
Operational: Geosynchronous
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Getaway Special West Germany Low Earth Microgravity research16 NovemberSuccessful
Manned orbital flight with four astronauts; First "operational" Shuttle flight
Anik C3 retired 18 June 1997
17 November
21:22
Titan IIID Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS-9627 (KH-11-5) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance13 August 1985Successful
Final flight of Titan IIID
24 November
??:??
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
not assigned military none Communication24 NovemberFailure to orbit

December

21 December
02:38
Atlas E/Star-37S-ISS Vandenberg SLC-3W
DMSP 5D-2 F6 US Air Force Sun-synchronous MeteorologyIn orbitSuccessful
29 December
??:??
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
Kosmos 1427(Tafun-1B class) military LEO, inclination 65.8 degrees Radar target5 October 1989Successful

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 MarchVenera 13landed on Venus
5 MarchVenera 14landed on Venus
30 MarchISEE-3/ICE1st flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 19,570 kilometres (12,160 mi)
23 AprilISEE-3/ICE2nd flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 21,137 kilometres (13,134 mi)
27 SeptemberISEE-3/ICE3rd flyby of the MoonClosest approach: 22,790 kilometres (14,160 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
30 July
02:39
2 hours
33 minutes
05:12 Salyut 7 EO-1 Anatoly Berezovoy
Valentin Lebedev
Performing the first EVA from Salyut 7, Lebedev anchored himself with a foot restraint, while Berezovoy assisted from the hatch. After collecting and placing samples on the exterior surface of the spacecraft, Lebedev tested methods for assembly and disassembly work in space, including the Istok panel experiment of turning bolts with a special wrench.

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
  2. Krebs, Gunter. "Insat 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  3. "The launch of Conestoga 1". Space Services Inc. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  4. Wade, Mark. "Matagorda Island". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 10 February 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2015.


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