1980 in spaceflight

The following is an outline of 1980 in spaceflight.

1980 in spaceflight
Voyager 1 flew past Saturn on 12 November
Orbital launches
First9 January
Last26 December
Total108
Successes102
Failures6
Partial failures0
Catalogued105
National firsts
Orbital launch India
Space traveller Hungary
 Vietnam
 Cuba
Rockets
Maiden flightsMu-3S
RetirementsThor DSV-2U
Crewed flights
Orbital6
Total travellers13

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

9 January
12:15
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1149 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging23 JanuarySuccessful
11 January
12:28
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 41/1
Molniya 1-46 Molniya Communications22 October 1992Successful
18 January
01:26:00
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR Cape Canaveral LC-36A
OPS 6293 (FLTSATCOM 3) US Navy Geostationary CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
14 January
19:49
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1150 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
23 January
07:00
Tsyklon-3 Plesetsk Site 32/1
Kosmos 1151 (Okean-E No.2) Low Earth TechnologyIn orbitSuccessful
Prototype oceanography satellite, not equipped with radar
24 January
15:45
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1152 (Yantar-2K No.928) Low Earth Optical imaging6 FebruaryPartial spacecraft failure
25 January
20:36
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1153 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
30 January
12:51
Vostok-2M Plesetsk Site 43/4
Kosmos 1154 (Tselina-D) Low Earth SIGINT5 November 2002Successful

February

7 February
11:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Kosmos 1155 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging21 FebruarySuccessful
7 February
21:10
Titan III(23)D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS 2581 (KH-11) NRO Low Earth Optical imaging30 October 1982Successful
9 February
23:08
Atlas E/F-SGS-1 Vandenberg SLC-3E
OPS 5117 (Navstar 5) Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
11 February
23:32
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1156 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1157 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1158 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1159 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1160 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1161 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1162 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1163 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
12 February
00:53
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 43/4
Kosmos 1164 (Oko) Intended: Molniya
Achieved: Highly elliptical
Missile defence12 FebruaryLaunch failure
Upper stage malfunction
14 February
15:57
Delta 3910 Cape Canaveral LC-17A
SolarMax NASA Low Earth Solar2 December 1989Successful
Spacecraft's attitude control system malfunctioned ten months after launch, subsequently repaired by Space Shuttle Challenger during STS-41-C in April 1984
17 February
00:40
Mu-3S Kagoshima LA-M ISAS
Tansei-4 ISAS Low Earth Technology12 May 1983Successful
Maiden flight of Mu-3S
20 February
08:05:00
Proton-K/DM Baikonur Site 200/39
Gran' No.16L (Raduga) Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
21 February
12:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Kosmos 1165 (Zenit-4MKM) Low Earth Optical imaging5 MarchSuccessful
22 February
08:35
N-I Tanagashima LA-O NASDA
Ayame-2 NASDA Intended: Geostationary
Achieved: Transfer
TechnologyIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Spacecraft's apogee motor malfunctioned

March

3 March
09:27
Atlas E/F-MSD Vandenberg SLC-3W
OPS 7245 (MSD) NRO Low Earth DispenserIn orbitSuccessful
OPS 7245 SSU-1 (NOSS SSU) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
OPS 7245 SSU-2 (NOSS SSU) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
OPS 7245 SSU-3 (NOSS SSU) NRO Low Earth ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
4 March
10:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/4
Kosmos 1166 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging18 MarchSuccessful
14 March
10:40
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1167 (US-P) Low Earth ELINT1 October 1981Successful
17 March
21:37
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1168 (Tsikada) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
27 March
07:30
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1169 (Taifun-1) Low Earth Calibration3 March 1983Successful
27 March
11:38:22
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Progress 8 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Station resupply26 April
07:40
Successful

April

1 April
08:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Kosmos 1170 (Zenit-4MKM) Low Earth Optical imaging12 AprilSuccessful
3 April
07:40
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1171 (Lira) Low Earth ASAT targetIn orbitSuccessful
Target for Kosmos 1174, which failed to intercept it
9 April
11:38:22
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Soyuz 35 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EO-43 June
15:06
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts
12 April
20:18
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1172 (Oko) Molniya Missile defence26 December 1997Successful
Replacement for Kosmos 1109
17 April
08:30
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Kosmos 1173 (Zenit-4MKM) Low Earth Optical imaging28 AprilSuccessful
18 April
00:51
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1174 (IS-A) Low Earth ASAT test20 April 1981Spacecraft failure
Failed to intercept Kosmos 1171
18 April
17:31
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1175 (Molniya-3 No.26) Intended: Molniya
Achieved: Low Earth
Communications29 SeptemberLaunch failure
Upper stage malfunction
26 April
22:00
Atlas E/F-SGS-1 Vandenberg SLC-3E
OPS 5118 (Navstar 6) US Air Force Medium Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
27 April
06:24:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 9 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Station resupply22 May
01:30
Successful
29 April
11:40
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1176 (US-A) Low Earth Technology4 OctoberSuccessful
Demonstration of new nuclear reactor safety systems
29 April
13:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1177 (Yantar-4K1 No.2) Low Earth Optical imaging12 JuneSuccessful

May

7 May
13:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1178 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging22 MaySuccessful
14 May
13:00
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1179 (Taifun-1Yu) Low Earth Calibration18 July 1989Successful
15 May
05:35
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1180 (Zenit-4MT) Low Earth Optical imaging26 MaySuccessful
20 May
09:21
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1181 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
23 May
07:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1182 (Zenit-4MKT) Low Earth Optical imaging5 JuneSuccessful
23 May
14:29:39
Ariane 1 Kourou ELA-1 Arianespace
CAT-2 ESA/Arianespace Intended: GTO Test23 MayLaunch failure
Firewheel MPG Intended: GTO Magnetospheric
FIRE B MPG Intended: GTO Magnetospheric
FIRE C MPG Intended: GTO Magnetospheric
FIRE D MPG Intended: GTO Magnetospheric
FIRE E MPG Intended: GTO Magnetospheric
Amsat-P3A Amsat-DE Intended: Molniya Amateur radio
First stage failure due to combustion instability in main engine; first launch conducted by Arianespace
26 May
18:20:39
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Soyuz 36 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EP-531 July
15:15
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Hungarian in space
28 May
12:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1183 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging11 JuneSuccessful
29 May
10:53
Atlas E/F-Star-37S-ISS Vandenberg SLC-3W
NOAA-B NOAA Low Earth Weather3 May 1981Launch failure
First stage underperformed due to an engine leaking fuel and running at low thrust. Corrected by onboard guidance extending the duration of first stage flight, however this was not communicated to the upper stage, which attempted to separate at the normal time, whilst the first stage was still firing. Recontact prevented the upper stage orienting for its burn, leading to payload being deployed into useless orbit.[1]

June

4 June
07:34
Vostok-2M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1184 (Tselina-D) Low Earth SIGINT29 April 2002Successful
5 June
14:19:30
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Soyuz T-2 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EP-69 June
12:39
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first manned flight of Soyuz-T spacecraft
6 June
07:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1185 (Resurs-F1 No.12) Low Earth Remote sensing20 JuneSuccessful
6 June
11:00
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1186 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration1 January 1982Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 1 Low Earth Calibration24 SeptemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 2 Low Earth Calibration14 SeptemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 3 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 4 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 5 Low Earth Calibration1 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 6 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 7 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 8 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 9 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 10 Low Earth Calibration3 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 11 Low Earth Calibration28 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 12 Low Earth Calibration20 May 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 13 Low Earth Calibration22 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 14 Low Earth Calibration18 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 15 Low Earth Calibration27 September 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 16 Low Earth Calibration22 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 17 Low Earth Calibration18 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 18 Low Earth Calibration17 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 19 Low Earth CalibrationSeptember 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 20 Low Earth Calibration14 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 21 Low Earth Calibration10 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 22 Low Earth Calibration14 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 23 Low Earth Calibration20 June 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 24 Low Earth Calibration13 June 1981Successful
Deployed 24 calibration spheres
12 June
12:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1183 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging26 JuneSuccessful
14 June
00:49:50
Proton-K/DM Baikonur Site 200/39
Gorizont No.15L Operational: Geostationary
Current: Graveyard
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Operated until 25 October 1988
14 June
20:52
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1188 (Oko) Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSpacecraft failure
Replacement for Kosmos 1024, operated for only four months
18 June
06:14:12
Vostok-2M Baikonur
Meteor-Priroda No.3-1 Low Earth Remote sensing1 March 1992Successful
18 June
18:30
Titan III(23)D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS 3123 (KH-9) NRO Low Earth Optical imaging6 March 1981Successful
OPS 3123 RV-1 NRO Low Earth Film return24 JulySuccessful
OPS 3123 RV-2 NRO Low Earth Film return7 SeptemberSuccessful
OPS 3123 RV-3 NRO Low Earth Film return24 OctoberSuccessful
OPS 3123 RV-4 NRO Low Earth Film return5 March 1981Successful
OPS 3123 RV-5 NRO Low Earth Film return14 OctoberSuccessful
All SRVs recovered successfully
21 June
18:34
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 41/1
Molniya 1-47 Molniya Communications1 April 1991Successful
26 June
12:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1189 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging10 JulySuccessful
29 June
04:40:42
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 10 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Station resupply19 July
02:30
Successful

July

1 July
07:12
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1190 (Strela-2) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
2 July
00:54
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1191 (Oko) Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSuccessful
Replacement for Kosmos 1124
9 July
00:42
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/2
Kosmos 1192 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1193 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1194 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1195 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1196 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1197 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1198 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1199 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
9 July
12:40
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1200 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging23 JulySuccessful
14 July
22:35
Proton-K/DM Baikonur Site 200/40
Ekran No.19L Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
15 July
02:22:11
Thor DSV-2U Vandenberg SLC-10W
DMSP-5D1 F5 (AMS-5) US Air Force Intended: Low Earth Weather15 JulyLaunch failure
Final flight of Thor DSV-2U, final launch from SLC-10W. Anomaly during second stage separation led to wiring being pulled out of spacecraft. Vehicle also failed to achieve orbit.
15 July
07:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1201 (Zenit-4MKT) Low Earth Optical imaging28 JulySuccessful
18 July
02:33:45
SLV Sriharikota FLP ISRO
Rohini RS-1B ISRO Low Earth Technology20 May 1981Successful
First successful Indian orbital launch
18 July
10:37
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 43/3
Molniya 3-13 Molniya CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
23 July
18:33:03
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 37 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EP-711 October
09:49
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Vietnamese space traveller
24 July
12:40
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1202 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging7 AugustSuccessful
31 July
07:45
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1203 (Resurs-F1 No.12) Low Earth Remote sensing14 AugustSuccessful
31 July
11:00
Kosmos-3M Kapustin Yar Site 107/1
Kosmos 1204 (Taifun-2) Low Earth Calibration23 February 1981Successful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 1 Low Earth Calibration11 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 2 Low Earth Calibration14 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 3 Low Earth Calibration31 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 4 Low Earth Calibration24 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 5 Low Earth Calibration24 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 6 Low Earth Calibration26 OctoberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 7 Low Earth Calibration3 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 8 Low Earth Calibration3 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 9 Low Earth Calibration4 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 10 Low Earth Calibration10 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 11 Low Earth Calibration27 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 12 Low Earth Calibration18 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 13 Low Earth Calibration18 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 14 Low Earth Calibration23 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 15 Low Earth Calibration3 DecemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 16 Low Earth Calibration19 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 17 Low Earth Calibration17 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 18 Low Earth Calibration17 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 19 Low Earth Calibration16 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 20 Low Earth Calibration23 NovemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 21 Low Earth Calibration14 DecemberSuccessful
Kosmos 1204 Subsatellite 22 Low Earth Calibration13 DecemberSuccessful

August

12 August
11:50
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1205 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging26 AugustSuccessful
15 August
05:34
Vostok-2M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1206 (Tselina-D) Low Earth SIGINT14 January 2002Successful
22 August
10:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1207 (Zenit-4MKT) Low Earth Optical imaging4 SeptemberSuccessful
26 August
15:45
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1208 (Yantar-2K No.927) Low Earth Optical imaging24 SeptemberSuccessful
26 August
16:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1236 (Yantar-2K No.941) Low Earth Optical imaging21 January 1981Successful

September

3 September
10:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1209 (Resurs-F1 No.14) Low Earth Remote sensing17 SeptemberSuccessful
9 September
11:00
Vostok-2M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Meteor 2-06 Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
9 September
22:27
Delta 3914 Cape Canaveral LC-17A
GOES 4 (GOES-D) NOAA Operational: Geostationary
Current: Graveyard
WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
Retired and moved to graveyard orbit on 9 November 1988
18 September
19:11:03
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 38 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EP-826 September
15:54
Successful
Manned flight with two cosmonauts, first Cuban in space
19 September
10:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1210 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging3 OctoberSuccessful
23 September
10:30
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1211 (Zenit-4MT) Low Earth Optical imaging4 OctoberSuccessful
26 September
10:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1212 (Zenit-4MKT) Low Earth Optical imaging9 OctoberSuccessful
28 September
15:09:55
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Progress 11 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Station resupply11 December
14:45
Successful

October

3 October
12:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1213 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging17 OctoberSuccessful
5 October
17:10
Proton-K/DM Baikonur Site 200/39
Gran' No.17L (Raduga) Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
10 October
13:10
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1214 (Zenit-4MKM) Low Earth Optical imaging23 OctoberSuccessful
Final flight of Zenit-4MKM
14 October
20:41
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1215 (Tselina-O) Low Earth SIGINT12 May 1983Successful
16 October
12:20
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1216 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging30 OctoberSuccessful
16 October
12:00
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1219 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging13 NovemberSuccessful
24 October
10:53
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1217 (Oko) Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSuccessful
Replacement for Kosmos 1188
30 October
10:00
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 31/6
Kosmos 1218 (Yantar-4K1 No.3) Low Earth Optical imaging12 DecemberSuccessful
31 October
03:54
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR Cape Canaveral LC-36A
OPS 6294 (FLTSATCOM 4) US Navy Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

November

4 November
15:04
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 1220 (US-P) Low Earth ELINT20 June 1982Successful
12 November
12:21
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1221 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging26 NovemberSuccessful
15 November
22:49
Delta 3910/PAM-D Cape Canaveral LC-17A
SBS-1 SBS Operational: Geostationary
Current: Graveyard
CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Retired on 22 June 1990 and moved to graveyard orbit
16 November
18:34
Molniya-M/ML Plesetsk Site 41/1
Molniya 1-48 Molniya Communications18 November 1995Successful
21 November
11:53
Vostok-2M Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1222 (Tselina-D) Low Earth SIGINT27 April 2011Successful
27 November
21:37
Molniya-M/2BL Plesetsk Site 41/1
Kosmos 1223 (Oko) Molniya Missile defenceIn orbitSuccessful
Replacement for Kosmos 903
27 November
14:18:28
Soyuz-U Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz T-3 Low Earth (Salyut 6) Salyut 6 EO-510 December
09:26
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts, first three-man Soyuz flight since 1971

December

1 December
12:15
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1224 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging15 DecemberSuccessful
5 December
04:23
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1225 (Parus) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
6 December
23:31
Atlas SLV 3D Centaur-D1AR Cape Canaveral LC-36B
Intelsat V F-2 Intelsat Geostationary CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
9 December
07:18
Atlas E/F-MSD Vandenberg SLC-3W
OPS 3255 (MSD) NRO Intended: Low Earth Dispenser9 DecemberLaunch failure
OPS 3255 SSU-1 (NOSS SSU) NRO Intended: Low Earth ELINT
OPS 3255 SSU-2 (NOSS SSU) NRO Intended: Low Earth ELINT
OPS 3255 SSU-3 (NOSS SSU) NRO Intended: Low Earth ELINT
LIPS-1 NRL Intended: Low Earth Technoilogy
Booster engine failure led to loss of control, rocket turned around and began flying backwards before exploding.[2]
10 December
20:53
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1226 (Tsikada) Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
13 December
16:04
Titan III(34)B Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 5805 (SDS) NRO Molniya Communication30 October 1982Successful
16 December
12:15
Soyuz-U Plesetsk Site 43/3
Kosmos 1227 (Zenit-6) Low Earth Optical imaging28 DecemberSuccessful
23 December
22:48
Kosmos-3M Plesetsk Site 132/1
Kosmos 1228 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1229 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1230 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1231 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1232 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1233 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1234 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 1235 (Strela-1M) Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
25 December
04:02
Molniya-M/SO-L Baikonur Site 31/6
Prognoz 8 Highly elliptical Solar
Magnetospheric
28 December 1984Successful
26 December
11:49
Proton-K/DM Baikonur Site 200/40
Ekran No.20L Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
12 NovemberVoyager 1Flyby of SaturnClosest approach: 124,000 kilometres (77,000 mi)

Orbital launch summary

By country

  Europe
  India
  Japan
  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1980
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 Europe1010
 India1100
 Japan2200
 Soviet Union898720
 United States151230

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane Europe1010
Atlas United States8620
Mu Japan1100
R-7 Soviet Union636121
R-14 Soviet Union161600
R-36 Soviet Union5500
SLV India1100
Thor/Delta United States5410Includes N-I
Titan United States3300
Universal Rocket Soviet Union5500

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 1 EuropeAriane1010
Atlas E/F United StatesAtlas5320
Atlas-Centaur United StatesAtlas3300
Delta 3000 United StatesThor/Delta3300
Kosmos Soviet UnionR-12/R-14161600
Molniya Soviet UnionR-7121020
Mu-3 JapanMu1100
N Japan/ United StatesThor/Delta1100
Proton Soviet UnionUniversal Rocket5500
SLV IndiaSLV1100
Soyuz Soviet UnionR-7454500
Titan III United StatesTitan3300
Tsyklon Soviet UnionR-365500
Thor DSV-2U United StatesThor/Delta1010Retired
Vostok Soviet UnionR-76600

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 1 EuropeAriane 11010
Atlas E/F-MSD United StatesAtlas E/F2110Retired
Atlas E/F-SGS-1 United StatesAtlas E/F2200Retired
Atlas E/F-Star-37S-ISS United StatesAtlas E/F1010
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur-D1AR United StatesAtlas-Centaur3300
Delta 3910 United StatesDelta 30001100
Delta 3910/PAM-D United StatesDelta 30001100
Delta 3914 United StatesDelta 30001100
Kosmos-3M Soviet UnionKosmos161600
N-I Japan/ United StatesN1100
Mu-3S JapanMu-31100Maiden flight
Molniya-M/2BL Soviet UnionMolniya6510
Molniya-M/ML Soviet UnionMolniya5410
Molniya-M/SO-L Soviet UnionMolniya1100
SLV IndiaSLV1100
Proton-K/DM Soviet UnionProton5500
Soyuz-U Soviet UnionSoyuz454500
Titan III(34)B United StatesTitan III1100
Titan III(23)D United StatesTitan III2200
Thor DSV-2U United StatesThor DSV-2U1010Retired
Tsyklon-2 Soviet UnionTsyklon4400
Tsyklon-3 Soviet UnionTsyklon1100
Vostok-2M Soviet UnionVostok6600

By launch site

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Soviet Union242400
Cape Canaveral United States6600
Kourou France1010
Kagoshima Japan1100
Kapustin Yar Soviet Union1100
Plesetsk Soviet Union646220
Sriharikota India1100
Tanegashima Japan1100
Vandenberg United States9630

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not Achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Low Earth828021
Medium Earth2200
Geosynchronous/transfer111010
High Earth131210Including highly elliptical (HEO) and Molniya orbits, one launch to Molniya orbit ended up in HEO

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. Wade, Mark. "Tiros N". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
  2. Wade, Mark. "NOSS". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 20 December 2011.


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