1980 Japanese House of Councillors election

Elections for the Japanese House of Councillors were held in Japan in 1980. On 16 May 1980, the Japan Socialist Party (JSP) brought no-confidence motion before the Diet relating to corruption issues, proposing more defense spending and rises in public utility charges as reasons for the House of Representatives to withdraw its backing from the government. Unexpectedly, 69 Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) members of the Diet from the Fukuda Takeo, Miki Takeo and Hidenao Nakagawa factions abstained from voting on the motion. The government was defeated by 56 votes in total of 243 and resigned. For the first time elections for both the House of Councillors and the House of Representatives were called in June 1980. In the elections of both the houses the LDP gained a perfect majority.

1980 Japanese House of Councillors election

22 June 1980

126 (of the 252) seats in the House of Councillors
127 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Masayoshi Ōhira Ichio Asukata Yoshikatsu Takeiri
Party Liberal Democratic Socialist Komeito
Last election 125 seats, 35.8% 56 seats, 17.3% 25 seats, 14.2%
Seats after 135 47 26
Seat change 10 9 1
Popular vote 23,778,190 7,341,828 6,669,387
Percentage 42.5% 13.1% 11.9%
Swing 6.7% 4.2% 2.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Sanzō Nosaka Kasuga Ikkō Yōhei Kōno
Party Communist Democratic Socialist New Liberal
Last election 16 seats, 8.4% 11 seats, 6.7% 3 seats, 3.9%
Seats after 12 11 3
Seat change 4 0 0
Popular vote 4,072,019 3,364,478 351,291
Percentage 7.3% 6.0% 0.6%
Swing 1.1% 0.7% 3.3%

President of the House
of Councillors before election

Ken Yasui
Liberal Democratic

Elected President of the House
of Councillors

Masatoshi Tokunaga
Liberal Democratic

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Results

Party National seats Prefecture seats Total seats 1980 Total
Liberal Democratic Party 21 48 69 135
Japan Socialist Party 9 13 22 47
Komeito 9 3 12 26
Communist Party 4 3 7 12
Democratic Socialist Party 4 2 6 12
Others 1 1 2 20
Independents 3 5 8
Total 50 76 126 252

References

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