1977 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 5 June 1977. Elections took place in the middle of a political race between the right-wing AP and the left-wing CHP. With the charismatic leadership of Bülent Ecevit, the CHP managed to beat one of the symbolic figures of conservative politics in Turkey, Süleyman Demirel. Voter turnout was 72.4%.[1]

1977 Turkish general election

5 June 1977

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were meeded for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Bülent Ecevit Süleyman Demirel Necmettin Erbakan
Leader since 14 May 1972 28 November 1964 20 October 1973
Leader's seat Zonguldak Isparta Konya
Last election 185 seats, 33.3% 149 seats, 29.8% 48 seats, 11.8%
Seats won 213 189 24
Seat change 28 40 24
Popular vote 6,136,171 5,468,202 1,269,918
Percentage 41.4% 36.9% 8.6%
Swing 8.1% 7.1% 3.2%

Largest party by province.

Prime Minister before election

Süleyman Demirel

Elected Prime Minister

Bülent Ecevit

The CHP's victory was the zenith of left-wing votes in the history of the Republic of Turkey, but there were still no capable partners for the CHP to join forces to form government with since the remainder of parliament consisted of right-wing parties not eager to form a coalition with Bülent Ecevit. Finally, the CHP could not gain a vote of confidence. They would need to wait until 1978 to gain support from some smaller parties and independents to govern. The CHP could not retain power for long and soon government control passed on to the AP even as the rumblings of the 1980 military coup were beginning to be felt.


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Republican People's Party6,136,17141.38213+28
Justice Party5,468,20236.88189+40
National Salvation Party1,269,9188.5724–24
Nationalist Movement Party951,5446.4216+13
Republican Reliance Party277,7131.873–10
Democratic Party274,4841.851–44
Unity Party58,5400.390–1
Workers Party of Turkey20,5650.1400
Invalid/blank votes531,038
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p257 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
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