1973 in spaceflight

1973 saw the launch of the first American Space station known as Skylab on a Saturn rocket.

1973 in spaceflight
Orbital launches
First8 January
Last29 December

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

8 January
06:55
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Luna 21/Lunokhod 2 MOM Selenocentric Lunar rover15 January 1973 (At moon)Successful
11 January
10:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 543 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance24 January 1973Successful
20 January
03:36
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 544 (Tselina-O) MO SSSR Low Earth ELINT15 June 1980Successful
24 January
11:44
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 545 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 31 July 1973Successful
26 January
11:44
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Kapustin Yar Site 107
Kosmos 546 (Tsiklon mockup) MO SSSR Low Earth BoilerplateIn orbitSuccessful

February

1 February
08:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 547 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance13 February 1973Successful
3 February
05:48
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Baikonur
Molniya 1-23 MOM Molniya Communication23 October 1977Successful
8 February
13:15
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 548 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance21 February 1973Successful
15 February
01:11
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Baikonur Site 31/6
Prognoz-3 MOM Molniya Solar flare detection31 December 1976Successful
26 February
04:37
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 549 (Tselina-O) MO SSSR Low Earth ELINT29 June 1980Successful

March

1 March
12:40
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 550 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance11 March 1973Successful
6 March
09:20
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 551 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance20 March 1973Successful
6 March
09:30
Atlas-Agena SLV-3A Cape Canaveral SLC-13
Rhyolite 2 US Air Force Geosynchronous ELINTIn orbitSuccessful
9 March
21:00
Titan IIID Vandenberg SLC-4E
KH-9 NRO / CIA Low Earth Reconnaissance17 March 1973Successful
20 March
11:20
Vostok (R-7 8A92M) Plesetsk
Meteor 1-14 MOM Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
22 March
10:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 552 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance3 April 1973Successful
Nauka MOM Low Earth Technology9 April 1973Successful

April

3 April
09:00
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Salyut 2 (Almaz) MOM Low Earth Space Station28 May 1973Failure
Depressurised before crew launch could occur
5 April
11:11
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 2-5 MOM Molniya Communications6 January 1979Successful
6 April
02:11
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur Cape Canaveral SLC-36B
Pioneer 11 (Pioneer G) NASA Heliocentric to Solar escape Planetary probeIn orbitSuccessful
First spacecraft to visit Saturn
Maiden flight of Atlas SLV-3D Centaur rocket.
12 April
11:49
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 553 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 11 November 1973Successful
19 April
08:59
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 554 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance7 May 1973Successful
Destroyed in orbit after deactivation
19 April
10:19
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Kapustin Yar Site 86
InterKosmos 9 Interkosmos Low Earth Solar radiation detectionIn orbitSuccessful
20 April
23:47
Delta (1914) Cape Canaveral SLC-17B
Anik A2 Telesat Geosynchronous CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
25 April Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
US-A MO SSSR Intended: Low Earth Ocean surveillance25 April 1973Failure
Engine failure
25 April
10:45
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 555 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance7 May 1973Successful
Nauka MOM Low Earth Scientific research9 May 1973Successful

May

5 May
07:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 556 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance14 May 1973Successful
11 May
00:20
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Kosmos 557 (Salyut / Zarya) MOM Low Earth Space Station22 May 1973Failure
Loss of control in orbit
14 May
17:30
Saturn INT-21 Kennedy LC-39A NASA
Skylab NASA Low Earth Space Station11 July 1979Successful
First American Space Station
First, last, and only flight of Saturn INT-21 rocket
Damaged during launch, but repaired
16 May
16:40
Titan IIIB (24B) Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 2093 (KH-8) NRO / US Air Force Low Earth Reconnaissance13 June 1973Successful
17 May
13:19
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 558 (DS-P1-Yu) MOM Low Earth 22 December 1973Successful
18 May
11:00
Soyuz-U (R-7 11A511U) Plesetsk
Kosmos 559 (Zenit-4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance23 May 1973Successful
Maiden flight of Soyuz-U carrier rocket
21 May
08:47
Diamant-B Kourou SEREB
Castor CNES Intended:Low Earth Technology21 May 1973Failure
Pollux CNES Intended:Low Earth Technology  
Final flight of Diamant-B
Fairing failed to separate
23 May
10:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 560 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance5 June 1973Successful
25 May Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Zaliv (Tsiklon) RVSN Intended: Low Earth Navigation25 May 1973Failure
Failed to reach orbit
25 May
13:00
Saturn IB Kennedy LC-39B NASA
Skylab 2, 3 Astronauts NASA Low Earth, docked to Skylab Manned orbital flight22 June 1973Successful
First manned flight to Skylab
25 May
13:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 561 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance6 June 1973Successful
Nauka MOM Low Earth Gamma ray telescope20 June 1973Successful
29 May
10:16
Vostok (R-7 8A92M) Plesetsk
Meteor 1-15 MOM Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful

June

5 June
11:26
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 562 (DS-P1-Yu) MOM Low Earth 7 January 1974Successful
6 June
11:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 563 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance18 June 1973Successful
8 June
15:50
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 564 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 565 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 566 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 567 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 568 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 569 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 570 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 571 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationsIn orbitSuccessful
10 June
10:10
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 572 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance23 June 1973Successful
10 June
14:13
Delta (1913) Cape Canaveral SLC-17B
Explorer 49 (RAE) NASA Selenocentric AstronomyIn orbitSuccessful
12 June
07:14
Titan IIIC Cape Canaveral SLC-40
DSP F-4 (IMEWS 4) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile early warningIn orbitSuccessful
15 June
06:00
Soyuz (R-7 11A511) Baikonur Site 1/5
Kosmos 573 (Soyuz 7K-T) MOM Low Earth Test spacecraft17 June 1973
06:01
Successful
20 June
06:16
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 574 (Tsiklon) MO SSSR Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
21 June
13:29
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 575 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance3 July 1973Successful
26 June
01:22
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Tselina-O RVSN Intended: Low Earth SIGINTNever left groundFailure
Exploded on pad after fuelling error; 9 killed
26 June
17:00
Titan IIIB (24B) Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 4018 (KH-8) US Air Force Intended: Low Earth Reconnaissance26 June 1973Failure
Agena upper stage malfunction; Failed to reach orbit
27 June
11:50
Soyuz-M (R-7 11A511M) Plesetsk
Kosmos 576 (Zenit-4MT / Orion) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance9 July 1973Successful

July

4 July Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk Site 43
(Zenit 4M) MOM Intended: Low Earth Reconnaissance4 July 1973Successful
11 July
09:58
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 2-6 MOM Molniya Communication5 August 1978Successful
13 July
20:24
Titan III D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS 8261 (KH-9) NRO / CIA Low Earth Reconnaissance12 October 1973Successful
16 July
17:10
Delta (0300) Vandenberg SLC-2W
ITOS E NASA / NOAA Intended: Low Earth Weather16 July 1973Failure
Second stage malfunction
21 July
19:30
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Mars 4 MOM Intended: Areocentric
Actual: Heliocentric
Mars orbiterIn orbitFailure
Retro-rockets failed, did not enter Martian orbit
25 July
11:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 577 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance7 August 1973Successful
25 July
18:55
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Mars 5 MOM Areocentric Mars orbiterIn orbitPartial Failure
Computer malfunction a few days after entering Martian orbit
28 July
11:10
Saturn IB Kennedy LC-39B NASA
Skylab 3, 3 Astronauts NASA Low Earth, docked to Skylab Manned orbital flight25 September 1973Partial Failure
Thruster malfunction, nearly required rescue mission

August

1 August
14:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 578 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance13 August 1973Successful
5 August
17:45
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Mars 6 MOM Heliocentric Mars lander12 March 1974Failure
Disappeared shortly before landing
8 August
17:00
Proton-K Baikonur Site 81
Mars 7 MOM Heliocentric Mars landerIn orbitFailure
Missed planet due to premature separation
17 August
04:49
Thor-Burner 2A Vandenberg SLC-10W
DMSP 5B F-4 US Air Force Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
21 August
12:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 579 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance3 September 1973Successful
21 August
16:07
Titan IIIB (33B) Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 7724 (Jumpseat 3) NRO / US Air Force Molniya SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
22 August
11:24
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 580 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 1 April 1974Successful
23 August
22:57
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur Cape Canaveral LC-36A
Intelsat IV F7 Intelsat Geosynchronous CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
24 August
10:59
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 581 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance6 September 1973Successful
28 August
10:08
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 582 (Tselina-O) MO SSSR Low Earth ELINT5 September 1980Successful
30 August
00:07
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 1-24 MOM Molniya Communication5 December 1979Successful
30 August
10:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 583 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance12 September 1973Successful

September

6 September
10:40
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 584 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance20 September 1973Successful
8 September
01:50
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 585 (Sfera) MO SSSR Low Earth In orbitSuccessful
14 September
00:31
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 586 (Tsiklon) MO SSSR Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
18 September Feng Bao 1 (FB1) Jiuquan LA-2B
JSSW 1 Intended: Low Earth Reconnaissance18 September 1973Failure
21 September
13:05
Soyuz-U (R-7 11A511U) Plesetsk
Kosmos 587 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance4 October 1973Successful
27 September
12:18
Soyuz (R-7 11A511) Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 12, 2 Cosmonauts MOM Low Earth Manned orbital flight29 September 1973Successful
Return-to-flight after Soyuz 11 incident
27 September
17:15
Titan IIIB (24B) Vandenberg SLC-4W
OPS 6275 (KH-8) Low Earth Reconnaissance29 October 1973Successful

October

2 October
21:46
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 588 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 589 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 590 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 591 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 592 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 593 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 594 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 595 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
3 October
13:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 596 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance9 October 1973Failure
Nauka RVSN Low Earth Magnetosphere9 October 1973Successful
Parachute failed to deploy during recovery
6 October
12:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 597 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance12 October 1973Successful
10 October
10:45
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 598 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance16 October 1973Successful
15 October
08:45
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 599 (Zenit 2M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance28 October 1973Successful
16 October
12:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 600 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance23 October 1973Successful
16 October
14:00
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 601 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 15 August 1984Successful
19 October
10:26
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 2-7 MOM Molniya Communication8 July 1983Successful
20 October
10:14
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 602 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance29 October 1973Successful
26 October
02:26
Delta (1913) Cape Canaveral SLC-17B
Explorer 50 (IMP) NASA High Earth MagnetosphereIn orbitSuccessful
27 October
11:09
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 603 (Zenit 4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance9 November 1973Successful
29 October
14:00
Vostok (R-7 8A92M) Plesetsk
Kosmos 604 (Tselina) MOM Low Earth SIGINT19 January 1992Successful
30 October
00:37
Scout A-1 Vandenberg SLC-5 Vought
Transit-O 20 US Navy Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Scout A rocket
30 October
19:00
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Interkosmos 10 (DS-U2-IK) Interkosmos Low Earth Geophysics1 July 1977Successful
31 October
18:24
Soyuz-U (R-7 11A511U) Plesetsk Site 43
Kosmos 605 (Bion 1) MOM Low Earth Biology22 November 1973Successful

November

2 November
13:01
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk Site 41
Kosmos 606 (Oko) MOM Molniya Missile Early WarningIn orbitSuccessful
3 November
05:45
Atlas SLV-3D Centaur Cape Canaveral SLC-36B
Mariner 10 NASA Heliocentric Planetary probe24 March 1975Successful
Flybys of Venus and Mercury
First spacecraft to visit Mercury
6 November
17:02
Delta (0300) Vandenberg SLC-2W NASA
NOAA 3 (ITOS-F) NASA / NOAA Low Earth WeatherIn orbitSuccessful
Final flight of Delta 0100 series
10 November
12:38
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 607 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance22 November 1973Successful
10 November
20:09
Titan III D Vandenberg SLC-4E
OPS 6630 (KH-9) NRO / CIA Low Earth Reconnaissance13 March 1974Successful
OPS 7705 (SSF) NRO / US Air Force Low Earth SIGINT26 December 1978Successful
OPS 6630 P/L 2 (SSF) NRO / US Air Force Low Earth SIGINTIn orbitSuccessful
14 November
20:40
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Baikonur
Molniya 1-25 MOM Molniya Communication26 May 1979Successful
16 November
14:01
Saturn IB Kennedy LC-39B NASA
Skylab 4 NASA Low Earth, docked to Skylab Manned orbital flight8 February 1974Successful
Final flight of Skylab programme
20 November
12:29
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 608 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 10 July 1974Successful
21 November
10:00
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Baikonur
Kosmos 609 (Zenit-4M) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance4 December 1973Successful
27 November
00:08
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 610 (Tselina-O) MO SSSR Low Earth SIGINT / ELINT15 September 1980Successful
28 November
09:29
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 611 (DS-P1-Yu) MO SSSR Low Earth 19 June 1974Successful
28 November
11:43
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 612 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance11 December 1973Successful
30 November
05:20
Soyuz (R-7 11A511) Baikonur Site 1/5
Kosmos 613 (Soyuz 7K-T) MOM Low Earth Test spacecraft29 January 1974
05:29
Successful
30 November
13:08
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 1-26 MOM Molniya Communication9 June 1985Successful

December

4 December
15:00
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 614 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
13 December
11:10
Kosmos-2I (R-12 11K63) Plesetsk Site 133
Kosmos 615 (DS-P1-I) MO SSSR Low Earth 17 December 1975Successful
13 December
23:57
Titan IIIC Cape Canaveral SLC-40
DSCS II F-3 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communication1 August 1982Successful
DSCS II F-4 US Air Force Geosynchronous Communication20 December 1993Successful
16 December
06:18
Delta (1900) Vandenberg SLC-2W NASA
Explorer 51 (AE-C) NASA Low Earth / Medium Earth Atmospheric12 December 1978Successful
17 December
12:00
Soyuz-M (R-7 11A511M) Plesetsk
Kosmos 616 (Zenit 4MT) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance28 December 1973Successful
18 December
11:55
Soyuz (R-7 11A511) Baikonur Site 1/5
Soyuz 13, 2 Cosmonauts MOM Low Earth Manned orbital flight26 December 1973Successful
Orion 2 Astrophysics / Astronomy
19 December
09:43
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 617 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 618 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 619 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 620 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 621 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 622 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 623 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
Kosmos 624 (Strela) MO SSSR Low Earth CommunicationIn orbitSuccessful
21 December
12:30
Voskhod (R-7 11A57) Plesetsk
Kosmos 625 (Zenit 4MK) MOM Low Earth Reconnaissance3 January 1974Successful
25 December
11:17
Molniya-M (R-7 8K78M) Plesetsk
Molniya 2-8 MOM Molniya Communication24 November 1985Successful
26 December
16:30
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Aureole 2 (DS-U2-GKA) MO SSSR / CNES Low Earth Auroral research30 April 1974Successful
27 December
20:19
Tsyklon-2 Baikonur Site 90
Kosmos 626 (US-A / RORSAT) MO SSSR Low Earth Ocean Reconnaissance22 March 1974Successful
29 December
04:12
Kosmos-3M (R-14 11K65M) Plesetsk Site 132
Kosmos 627 (Tsiklon) MO SSSR Low Earth NavigationIn orbitSuccessful

Deep Space Rendezvous

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
15 JanuaryLuna 21Delivered Lunokhod 2 between Mare Serenitatis and the Taurus Mountains
15 JuneExplorer 49Entered Selenocentric orbitRadio telescope
3 DecemberPioneer 10Flyby of JupiterClosest approach: 130,354 kilometres (80,998 mi)

EVAs

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
26 May
00:40
40 minutes 01:20 CM-116
SLM-1
Paul J. Weitz Using a 10-foot (3.0 m) long tool, Weitz stood in the open hatch of the Command Module (as Joe Kerwin held onto his legs) and tried to remove a strap preventing the release of a solar panel on Skylab.[1]
7 June
15:15
3 hours
25 minutes
18:40 Skylab
SLM-1
Pete Conrad
Joseph P. Kerwin
Used long-handled cable cutters to remove debris that prevented the solar array system from deploying and then forced the solar array system to deploy, providing the Skylab with electrical power needed to operate.
19 June
10:55
1 hour
36 minutes
12:31 Skylab
SLM-1
Pete Conrad
Paul J. Weitz
Replaced exposed film cassettes with fresh film and repaired an electrical contact.
6 August
17:30
6 hours
31 minutes
7 August
00:01
Skylab
SLM-2
Owen K. Garriott
Jack R. Lousma
Erected a twin-pole solar shield to improve temperature control in Skylab, replaced film cassettes in the solar observatory and installed micrometeoroid detection panels.
24 August
16:24
4 hours
31 minutes
20:55 Skylab
SLM-2
Owen K. Garriott
Jack R. Lousma
Installed a new gyroscope selection box, and replaced the film in the solar observatory.
22 September
11:18
2 hours
41 minutes
13:59 Skylab
SLM-2
Owen K. Garriott
Alan Bean
Replaced the film on the solar observatory and collected the Thermal Coatings Experiment Panel for return to earth.[2]
22 November
17:42
6 hours
33 minutes
23 November
00:15
Skylab
SLM-3
Edward Gibson
William R. Pogue
Replaced the film on the solar observatory and repaired the antenna for the earth resources experiment package.
25 December
16:00
7 hours
1 minute
23:01 Skylab
SLM-3
Gerald P. Carr
William R. Pogue
Used the extreme ultraviolet electronographic camera and the coronagraph contamination camera to photograph Comet Kohoutek. They also replaced the film on the solar observatory.
29 December
17:00
3 hours
29 minutes
20:29 Skylab
SLM-3
Gerald P. Carr
Edward Gibson
Photographed Comet Kohoutek as it appeared from behind the sun and recovered the Thermal Control Coatings Experiment panel.

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. Belew, Leland F. (1977). "Skylab, Our First Space Station" (PDF). NASA. p. 61. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
  2. Ledbetter, James (1974). "Skylab Crew Systems Mission Evaluation" (PDF). NASA. pp. 301, p.338. Retrieved 11 February 2009.


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