1961 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 15 October 1961. The electoral system used was party-list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in 67 electoral districts. In order to receive seats in a district, parties needed to win a Hare quota in that district.[1] The result was a victory for the Republican People's Party, which won 173 of the 450 seats.[2] Voter turnout was 81.4%.

1961 Turkish general election

15 October 1961

Total of 450 seats of the National Assembly (lower house of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey)
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
Leader İsmet İnönü Ragıp Gümüşpala Osman Bölükbaşı
Leader since 10 November 1938 11 February 1961 16 October 1958
Leader's seat Malatya İzmir Ankara
Last election 178 seats, 41.1% New party New party
Seats won 173 158 54
Seat change 5 158 54
Popular vote 3,724,752 3,527,435 1,415,390
Percentage 36.7% 34.8% 14.0%
Swing 4.4% 34.8% 14.0%

Legislative election results map. Red denotes provinces with a Republican People's Party plurality, Purple denotes those with a Justice Party plurality, Orange denotes those with a Republican Peasants' Nationalist Party plurality. Blue denotes those with a New Turkey Party

Prime Minister before election

Cemal Gürsel (acting Fahri Özdilek)
(Military rule)

Elected Prime Minister

İsmet İnönü


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Republican People's Party3,724,75236.7173–5
Justice Party3,527,43534.8158New
Republican Villagers Nation Party1,415,39014.054New
New Turkey Party1,391,93413.765New
Invalid/blank votes384,681
Source: Nohlen et al.


  1. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p239 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  2. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p272 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
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