1958 East River collision
The vessels involved in the incident were the Nebraska, a 431 feet (131 m) cargo ship owned by Swedish company Rederi A/B Transatlantic, and the Empress Bay, a 197 feet (60 m) tanker owned by New York–based Petroleum Tankers Corporation. At the time of the collision, Nebraska was bound south from New Haven, Connecticut to Newark, New Jersey with a cargo of automobiles and Empress Bay was outbound from Bayonne, New Jersey to Mount Vernon, New York with 280,000 US gallons (1,100,000 l) of gasoline.
At 00:22 local time, Nebraska rammed Empress Bay amidships, triggering an explosion of gasoline aboard the tanker and spilling oil that ignited on the surface of the river. The ships collided almost directly under the Manhattan Bridge, and flames reached about 150 feet (46 m) upwards to scorch the bridge's deck and damage subway tracks. Two tugboats, eight New York Fire Department fireboats, and eleven Coast Guard patrol boats responded to the collision, and the fire was controlled by about 01:15. The spread of the gasoline slick led the Coast Guard to close the river in the area until the middle of the day, and smoking was banned on the waterfront until that evening.
43 people were on board Nebraska and eight on Empress Bay. 37 sailors were injured, and two Empress Bay crewmembers, engineer Thomas Erickson and cook Otto Ahrens, were killed. William Finn, a New York Journal-American photographer, died of a heart attack as he was taking pictures of the disaster.
Nebraska remained afloat after the collision and was sailed to a Hudson River pier, while Empress Bay was partially submerged and later completely sank during the early morning of June 26. She was subsequently abandoned by her owners, leaving her the responsibility of the Army Corps of Engineers. The Corp requested bids from private firms to salvage her, and she was eventually refloated on September 9.
- "OIL BARGE EXPLODES IN EAST RIVER AFTER COLLIDING WITH FREIGHTER; MANY INJURED" (PDF). The New York Times. June 25, 1958. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- "RIVER CRASH TOLL IS 2 LOST, 35 HURT" (PDF). The New York Times. June 26, 1958. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- "INQUIRY TO START IN SHIP COLLISON" (PDF). The New York Times. June 27, 1958. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Quinn, William (1979). Shipwrecks Around New England. Orleans, MA: The Lower Cape Publishing Company. p. 170. ISBN 0-936972-05-X.