1957 in spaceflight

The first orbital flight of an artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched in October 1957, by the Soviet Union.

1957 in spaceflight
Artist's impression of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, in orbit
Orbital launches
First4 October
Last6 December
Total3
Successes1
Failures1
Partial failures1
Catalogued2
National firsts
Spaceflight Australia
 United Kingdom
Satellite Soviet Union
Orbital launch Soviet Union
Rockets
Maiden flightsSputnik-PS
Vanguard
RetirementsSputnik-PS

In November, the second orbital flight took place. The Soviet Union launched the first animal to orbit the Earth, a dog, Laika, who died in orbit a few hours after launch.

There were also 189 suborbital launches, many unsuccessful.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

8 January X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test8 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
15 January X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test15 JanuaryLaunch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 January R-5M Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Nuclear test19 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
26 January PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test26 JanuaryLaunch failure
Maiden launch of Thor missile, exploded on launch pad
29 January X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test29 JanuaryLaunch failure

February

2 February
08:05
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
Firefly US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy2 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
7 February X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test7 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)
14 February X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test14 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 141 kilometres (88 mi)

March

1 March
21:51
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-5 US Air Force
ABMA Suborbital Missile test1 MarchLaunch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi), maiden flight of Jupiter missile, overheated and disintegrated
1 March X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test1 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 151 kilometres (94 mi)
11 March X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test11 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 134 kilometres (83 mi)
21 March X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test21 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 103 kilometres (64 mi)
25 March R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test25 MarchUnknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
29 March
04:51
Aerobee RTV-N-10c White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital UV astronomy29 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi)

April

11 April
16:31
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Technology11 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi)
11 April R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test11 AprilUnknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
12 April R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test12 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 April X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test13 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 April R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test14 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 April
04:33
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test20 AprilLaunch failure
Destroyed by range safety after console error gave erroneous indications that the missile was off course
26 April
20:12
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-5 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test26 AprilLaunch failure
Apogee: 18 kilometres (11 mi)
30 April
15:10
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Meteorite research30 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 289 kilometres (180 mi)
April R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)

May

1 May
06:29
Viking Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Technology1 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 195 kilometres (121 mi), final flight of Viking
3 May
14:04
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
Sunfollower NRL Suborbital Solar3 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 204 kilometres (127 mi)
15 May
07:55
Jupiter-C Cape Canaveral LC-6 ABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test15 MayLaunch failure
Apogee: 655 kilometres (407 mi), gyroscope malfunctioned 134 seconds after launch, missed landing point by 778 kilometres (483 mi)
15 May
16:01
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test15 MayLaunch failure
Maiden flight of R-7 and first launch of an ICBM. Engine fire in Block D booster rocket at liftoff, followed by premature separation 98 seconds after launch. Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 May
02:14
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test16 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
16 May
03:18
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test
Biological
16 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
22 May
03:00
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test22 MayLaunch failure
Exploded on pad after valve malfunction caused pressure build up
24 May R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1/AN Suborbital Missile test
Biological
24 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
31 May
18:08
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-5 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test31 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

June

7 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target7 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target10 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
11 June
19:37
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test+23 secondsLaunch failure
Maiden flight of Atlas missile, destroyed by range safety after fuel system malfunction, apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
18 June
14:00
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric18 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 171 kilometres (106 mi)
22 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target22 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 June R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test22 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi), maiden flight of R-12
23 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target23 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 June
14:07
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric25 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 202 kilometres (126 mi)
27 June X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test27 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target28 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 June R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target29 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

July

3 July
09:28
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar3 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 July
17:15:40
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric4 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 237 kilometres (147 mi)
4 July R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target4 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 July
05:17:56
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric5 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
5 July R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Target5 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 July
12:53
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test12 JulyLaunch failure
Control system short-circuited resulting in loss of control, boosters fell off 33 seconds after launch, apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)
15 July
14:23
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar15 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 28 kilometres (17 mi)
16 July X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test16 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 July Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research16 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 July Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research18 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 July X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test19 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 July X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test22 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
23 July
16:29
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar23 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
29 July
21:59
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy29 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 210 kilometres (130 mi)
30 July
18:10
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy30 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 25 kilometres (16 mi)
July R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
July R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

August

5 August
11:53
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-1 SUI
SUI Suborbital Aeronomy5 August
11:53
Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 August
12:20
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar5 AugustLaunch failure
Apogee: 14 kilometres (8.7 mi)
5 August
16:59
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-2 SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
6 August
10:52
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-3 SUI
SUI Suborbital 6 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
6 August
15:30
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Solar6 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
6 August
16:03
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-4 SUI
SUI Suborbital 6 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
7 August
03:28
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-5 SUI
SUI Suborbital 7 AugustLaunch failure
7 August
22:04
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-6 SUI
SUI Suborbital 7 AugustLaunch failure
8 August
06:59
Jupiter-C Cape Canaveral LC-6 ABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test8 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 460 kilometres (290 mi), re-entry vehicle recovered
8 August
07:17
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-7 SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
8 August R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test8 AugustUnknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
9 August X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test9 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
10 August
05:07
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-8 SUI
SUI Suborbital 10 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
11 August
05:16
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-10 SUI
SUI Suborbital 11 AugustLaunch failure
11 August
20:30
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-11 SUI
SUI Suborbital 11 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August
07:48
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-12 SUI
SUI Suborbital 12 AugustLaunch failure
12 August
13:55
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-13 SUI
SUI Suborbital 12 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August
01:58
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-14 SUI
SUI Suborbital 13 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 August R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
SOI OKB-1 Suborbital Solar13 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
08:06
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-15 SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 August
20:00
Loki Rockoon USS Plymouth Rock, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 01 LP-17 SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)
16 August X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test16 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
21 August
21:25
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test21 AugustSuccessful
First successful R-7 launch. Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
23 August
21:54
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Army
BRL Suborbital Test flight23 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
24 August
06:00
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy24 AugustLaunch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
25 August
02:23
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric25 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 206 kilometres (128 mi)
25 August
03:27
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test25 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 208 kilometres (129 mi)
27 August
08:54
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar27 AugustLaunch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
28 August
21:02
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test28 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
29 August
14:12
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar29 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
30 August PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test+92 secondsLaunch failure
Disintegrated 92 seconds after launch
31 August
04:57
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Air Force
NRL Suborbital Auroral31 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 115 kilometres (71 mi)
31 August
05:30
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
31 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 185 kilometres (115 mi)
August R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
August R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)
August R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

September

1 September
22:28
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy1 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 160 kilometres (99 mi)
2 September R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test2 SeptemberUnknown
Apogee: 200 kilometres (120 mi)
3 September X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test3 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 September
11:39
R-7 Semyorka Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
MVS Suborbital Missile test7 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 1,350 kilometres (840 mi)
9 September
15:50
R-2A Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Biological
9 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 212 kilometres (132 mi)
12 September
16:20
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar12 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)
15 September
13:27
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar15 SeptemberLaunch failure
18 September
18:42
Nike-Deacon San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Solar18 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 21 kilometres (13 mi)
19 September
16:30
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy19 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), released caesium
20 September PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test20 SeptemberSuccessful
First successful Thor launch, apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
21 September Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy21 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 September
19:57
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test25 SeptemberLaunch failure
Destroyed by range safety following fuel system malfunction, apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
25 September Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric25 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi), maiden flight of Farside, stage zero malfunction
26 September
17:05
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 02 SUI
SUI Suborbital 26 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 September
20:00
Nike-Asp San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight26 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi)
27 September
13:12
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 03 SUI
SUI Suborbital 27 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 119 kilometres (74 mi)
September R-12 Dvina Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 402 kilometres (250 mi)

October

1 October Long Tom Woomera LA-2 WRE
WRE Suborbital Test flight1 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi), maiden flight of Long Tom, first Australian spaceflight
3 October
17:13
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test3 OctoberLaunch failure
3 October Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric3 OctoberLaunch failure
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
4 October
19:16
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Atlantic Launch Site 04 SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 October
19:28:34
Sputnik-PS (8K71PS) Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Sputnik 1 (PS-1) MVS Orbital Technology4 January 1958Successful
First orbital launch, first artificial satellite of Earth, maiden flight of Sputnik rocket
7 October Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric7 OctoberLaunch failure
Apogee: 700 kilometres (430 mi)
11 October
16:33
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test11 OctoberPartial launch failure
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi), turbopump gearbox malfunctioned, still met primary test objectives
11 October Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric11 OctoberLaunch failure
Apogee: 30 kilometres (19 mi)
13 October
18:15
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 05 SUI
SUI Suborbital 13 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
01:04
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Meteorite research14 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 October
21:16
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 06 SUI
SUI Suborbital 14 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
16 October
20:02
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 07 SUI
SUI Suborbital 16 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
00:09
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 08 SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
02:18
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 09 SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 October
20:01
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 10 SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 OctoberLaunch failure
Apogee: 41 kilometres (25 mi)
17 October
23:44
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 11 SUI
SUI Suborbital 17 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi)
18 October
09:35
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 12 SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 October
19:43
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 13 SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
18 October
23:43
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 14 SUI
SUI Suborbital 18 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi)
19 October
18:50
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 15 SUI
SUI Suborbital 19 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 122 kilometres (76 mi)
20 October
01:06
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 16 SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 104 kilometres (65 mi)
20 October
03:57
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 17 SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October
20:11
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 18 SUI
SUI Suborbital 20 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 October Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric20 OctoberSpacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[1]
22 October Farside Eniwetak US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric22 OctoberSpacecraft failure
Apogee: 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi), returned no data due to transmitter malfunction[1]
22 October
22:31
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 19 SUI
SUI Suborbital 22 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October
01:07
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test23 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
23 October
19:22:54
Vanguard Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight23 OctoberSuccessful
Maiden flight of Vanguard, battleship upper stages, apogee: 175 kilometres (109 mi)
23 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test23 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 October Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy23 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 October
16:32
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test24 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
24 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test24 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 October Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric25 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 October
19:47
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 20 SUI
SUI Suborbital 26 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 October
02:46
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 21 SUI
SUI Suborbital 27 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 October
00:13
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 22 SUI
SUI Suborbital 29 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 October
21:40
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 23 SUI
SUI Suborbital 30 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
00:29
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 24 SUI
SUI Suborbital 31 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 October
19:51
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 25 SUI
SUI Suborbital 31 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

November

1 November
01:00
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 26 SUI
SUI Suborbital 1 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
02:30:42
Sputnik-PS (8K71PS) Baikonur Site 1/5 MVS
Sputnik 2 (PS-2) MVS Low Earth Biological14 April 1958Partial launch failure
Partial spacecraft failure
Carried Laika, the first animal in orbit. Spacecraft failed to separate from rocket and Laika died prior to completion of experiments. Final flight of Sputnik-PS.
3 November
20:08
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 27 SUI
SUI Suborbital 3 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 November
23:24
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 28 SUI
SUI Suborbital 3 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
01:41
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 29 SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
4 November
03:47
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 30 SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
07:16
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 31 SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 November
18:52
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 32 SUI
SUI Suborbital 4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
01:25
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 33 SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
5 November
21:59
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 35 SUI
SUI Suborbital 5 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 November
16:05
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric7 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
14:57
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric8 NovemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 November
20:43
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 36 SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November
23:15
Loki Rockoon USS Glacier, IGY Pacific Launch Site 37 SUI
SUI Suborbital 8 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 110 kilometres (68 mi)
8 November X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test8 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 November
16:54
A-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
9 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 330 kilometres (210 mi)
10 November Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 November
11:52
Skylark-1 Woomera LA-2 RAE
RAE Suborbital 13 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 127 kilometres (79 mi), first British spaceflight
15 November X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test15 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 November
16:29:56
Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
Smoke Puff US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy19 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 121 kilometres (75 mi), released potassium nitrate and aluminium
26 November Aerobee Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy26 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 November
02:10
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test27 NovemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 20 kilometres (12 mi)

December

6 December
16:44:35
Vanguard TV3 Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
6.5in Satellite 1 NRL Intended: Medium Earth Geodesy+2 secondsLaunch failure
First all up Vanguard test, first US orbital launch attempt, and first outright orbital failure of an orbital launch attempt. Exploded on launch pad after loss of thrust
7 December
22:11
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test7 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
10 December
17:35
Nike-Cajun White Sands US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Ionospheric10 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
10 December
18:10
Nike-Asp San Nicolas US Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight10 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
10 December
21:36
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy10 DecemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
11 December X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Navy Suborbital REV test11 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 December
00:38
Nike-Cajun Churchill US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy16 DecemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 9 kilometres (5.6 mi)
17 December
17:39
SM-65A Atlas Cape Canaveral LC-14 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test17 DecemberSuccessful
First successful Atlas launch, apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
19 December
00:07
PGM-19 Jupiter Cape Canaveral LC-26B US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test27 NovemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 92 kilometres (57 mi)
19 December
20:12
PGM-17 Thor DM-18 Cape Canaveral LC-17A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test19 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 520 kilometres (320 mi)
23 December Nike-Cajun Wallops Island NACA
HUGO NACA Suborbital Aeronomy
Imaging
23 DecemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)
Unknown Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
Unknown Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight Successful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

Orbital launch summary

  Soviet Union
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 1957

By country

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
 Soviet Union 2 1 0 1 First orbital launch
 United States 1 0 1 0

By rocket

Rocket Country Type Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Sputnik-PS 8K71PS  Soviet Union Sputnik R-7 2 1 0 1 Maiden and final flights
Vanguard  United States Vanguard Viking 1 0 1 0 Maiden flight

By launch site

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur Soviet Union2101
Cape Canaveral United States1010

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Failed to orbit 0 N/A 0 N/A 0 N/A 1
Low Earth 2 2 0 0
Medium Earth 1 0 1 0

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. "Aeronautics Farside". Designation-Systems. 27 November 2004. Retrieved 27 February 2009.


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