1956 in spaceflight

This is a list of spaceflight related events which occurred in 1956.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

19 January R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test19 JanuaryUnknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
20 January X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight20 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 132 kilometres (82 mi)
21 January R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test21 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 January R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test24 JanuaryLaunch failure
January R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
January R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
January R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
January R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
January R-11M Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

February

2 February R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
Baykal MVS Suborbital Nuclear test2 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi), first launch of a missile carrying a live nuclear warhead
13 February R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test13 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 February R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test14 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 February R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology16 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
February R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

March

5 March X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight5 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 116 kilometres (72 mi)
14 March
08:45
Aerobee RTV-A-1a Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Chemical release14 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi)
23 March R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology23 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
28 March R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test28 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
March R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
March R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

April

12 April
02:05
Aerobee RTV-A-1a Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Chemical release12 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi)
16 April R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test16 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
17 April X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test17 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

May

1 May
22:05
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital 1 MayLaunch failure
Apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)
8 May
14:54
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 8 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
8 May
15:15
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital 8 MayLaunch failure
Apogee: 188 kilometres (117 mi)
15 May R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Missile test15 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
16 May
15:40
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 16 MayLaunch failure
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
31 May
02:57
R-1E Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological
Solar
31 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

June

4 June
14:13
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar4 JuneLaunch failure
Apogee: 58 kilometres (36 mi)
7 June Nike-Nike-T40-T55 Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Thermodynamics7 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 June
20:51
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 13 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 138 kilometres (86 mi)
15 June R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Missile test15 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
17 June R-1E Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological17 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 June
20:42
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 18 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 136 kilometres (85 mi)
21 June
18:48
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 21 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 146 kilometres (91 mi)
22 June
19:42
Aerobee RTV-N-10 White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital 22 JuneLaunch failure
Apogee: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
26 June
18:26
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 26 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 111 kilometres (69 mi)
26 June X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight26 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
29 June
19:09
Aerobee-150 (Hi) White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric29 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 264 kilometres (164 mi)
30 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test30 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
June R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

July

5 July
07:54
Aerobee RTV-N-10c White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital 5 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 162 kilometres (101 mi)
6 July
18:00
Nike-Cajun Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy6 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
17 July
15:40
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-1 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar17 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
17 July X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test17 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 142 kilometres (88 mi)
18 July
15:46
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-2 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar18 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
19 July
15:21
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-3 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar19 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
20 July
19:15
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-4 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar20 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
20 July R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test20 JulyLaunch failure
20 July R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology20 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
21 July
17:18
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-5 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy21 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
22 July
17:57
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-6 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar22 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
24 July
14:07
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-7 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar24 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)
24 July R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test24 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 July Nike-Cajun Wallops Island US Navy
HUGO-1 US Navy Suborbital Aeronomy24 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 112 kilometres (70 mi)
25 July
15:15
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-8 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar25 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
26 July
15:28
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-9 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar26 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
26 July R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test26 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 July
15:30
Deacon Rockoon USS Colonial, PO-9 LP-10 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Solar27 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 120 kilometres (75 mi)
27 July X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test27 JulyLaunch failure
28 July R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test28 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 July
00:56
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 31 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
July R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

August

3 August
12:56
Aerobee RTV-A-1a Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital 3 AugustLaunch failure
Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
8 August
22:00
Nike-Cajun Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy8 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
9 August
22:47
Nike-Cajun Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy9 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 164 kilometres (102 mi)
18 August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology18 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
18 August X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test18 AugustLaunch failure
23 August X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test23 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 142 kilometres (88 mi)
28 August X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test28 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)
August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Technology Successful
Apogee: 500 kilometres (310 mi)

September

8 September X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test8 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 394 kilometres (245 mi)
20 September
06:45
Jupiter-C Cape Canaveral LC-5 ABMA
ABMA Suborbital REV test20 SeptemberSuccessful
Maiden flight of Jupiter-C, apogee: 1,097 kilometres (682 mi), carried a 39.25 kilograms (86.5 lb) payload[1]
21 September Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight21 SeptemberLaunch failure
Apogee: 16 kilometres (9.9 mi), maiden flight of Terrapin
21 September Terrapin Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Test flight21 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 130 kilometres (81 mi)

October

1 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test1 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi)
5 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test5 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi)
13 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test13 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 102 kilometres (63 mi)
18 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test18 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 155 kilometres (96 mi)
20 October
22:01
Nike-Cajun Wallops Island US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy20 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 113 kilometres (70 mi)
23 October
08:40
Aerobee AJ10-34 Churchill US Army
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy23 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 145 kilometres (90 mi), first spaceflight launched from Canadian soil
25 October X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test25 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 124 kilometres (77 mi)
27 October
21:24
Nike-Cajun USS Rushmore, AO-14 LP-1 US Air Force/US Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy27 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 161 kilometres (100 mi)
31 October R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test31 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
31 October R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test31 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

November

2 November
05:39
Aerobee AJ10-34 Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Chemical release2 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 146 kilometres (91 mi)
2 November
18:40
Nike-Cajun USS Rushmore, AO-14 LP-2 US Air Force/US Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy2 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 131 kilometres (81 mi)
4 November
18:54
Nike-Cajun USS Rushmore, AO-14 LP-3 US Air Force/US Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy4 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 162 kilometres (101 mi)
5 November
07:50
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Auroral5 NovemberLaunch failure
5 November X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test5 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 118 kilometres (73 mi)
7 November
15:02
Nike-Cajun USS Rushmore, AO-14 LP-4 US Air Force/US Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy7 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 169 kilometres (105 mi)
10 November
15:17
Nike-Cajun USS Rushmore, AO-14 LP-5 US Air Force/US Navy
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy10 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 161 kilometres (100 mi)
15 November
19:32
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric15 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 129 kilometres (80 mi)
16 November X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test16 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 107 kilometres (66 mi)
17 November
16:48
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Aeronomy
Solar
17 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 209 kilometres (130 mi)
21 November
05:21
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Churchill US Navy
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Auroral
15 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 250 kilometres (160 mi)
23 November X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test23 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)

December

3 December X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test3 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 125 kilometres (78 mi)
8 December
06:03
Viking Cape Canaveral LC-18A US Navy
ABMA Suborbital REV test8 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 203.5 kilometres (126.4 mi)[2]
11 December X-17 Cape Canaveral LC-3 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital REV test11 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 144 kilometres (89 mi)
13 December
21:44
Aerobee-150 (Hi) Holloman LC-A US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight13 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 193 kilometres (120 mi)
20 December R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric20 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 December R-11FM Zemlya B-67, Beloye More OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test26 DecemberSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. "Explorer Information". NASA History Office. Archived from the original on 9 November 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
  2. "Early Test Firings". NASA History Office. Archived from the original on 11 November 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2007.


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