1956 Cannes Film Festival

The 9th Cannes Film Festival was held from 23 April to 10 May 1956.[4] The Palme d'Or went to The Silent World by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Louis Malle.[5] The festival opened with Marie-Antoinette reine de France, directed by Jean Delannoy and closed with Il tetto by Vittorio De Sica.[6][7]

1956 Cannes Film Festival
Official poster of the 9th Cannes Film Festival, an original illustration by Marcel Huet.[1]
Opening filmMarie-Antoinette reine de France
Closing filmIl tetto
LocationCannes, France
AwardsPalme d'Or (The Silent World)[2]
No. of films39 (In Competition)[3]
37 (Short Film)
Festival date23 April 1956 (1956-04-23) – 10 May 1956 (1956-05-10)

In an effort to resolve some issues caused by the Cold War climate of the time, like special treatment towards Americans (who gave financial assistance to the festival) which displeased the Eastern Bloc, a decision to have films withdrawn under certain conditions had been put in place. This decision in turn had become a divisive issue in the festival, as it was seen as censorship. In 1956 it was decided to eliminate all such censorship from the selection and thereby start a new era in the festival.[8]


The following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1956 competition:[9]

Feature films

Short films

Feature film competition

The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or:[3]

Short film competition

The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or:[3]

  • Aéroport de Luxembourg by Philippe Schneider
  • Andre Modeste Gretry by Lucien Deroisy
  • Le ballon rouge by Albert Lamorisse
  • Bwana Kitoko by André Cauvin
  • Ciganytanc by Tamas Banovich
  • Columbia Musical Travelark: Wonders of Manhattan by Harry Foster
  • La corsa delle rocche by Gian Luigi Polidoro
  • Crne vode by Rudolf Sremec
  • En de zee was niet meer by Bert Haanstra
  • The Face of Lincoln by Edward Freed
  • Festival Melody (Melodii festivalia) by Jerzy Bossak, R. Grigoriev, Ilya Kopalin, Iosif Poselski
  • Fuji wa ikiteiru by Kenji Shimomura
  • Gateway To the Antarctic by Duncan Carse
  • Gerald McBoing on Planet Moo or Gerald McBoing! Boing! on Planet Moo by Robert Cannon
  • Growing Coconuts by Fali Bilimoria
  • Horizons nouveaux by Kurt Baum
  • Karius and Bactus (Karius og Baktus) by Ivo Caprino
  • Kati és a vadmacska by Ágoston Kollányi
  • Katsura rikyu by Minoru Kuribayashi
  • Loutky Jiriho Trnky by Bruno Sefranek
  • Magdana's Donkey (Lurdza magdany) by Tengiz Abuladze and Rezo Chkheidze
  • Marinica by Ion Popescu-Gopo
  • Nicolae Grigorescu by Ion Bostan
  • Parabola d'oro by Vittorio De Seta
  • Les pécheurs du cap by Errol Hinds
  • Portrait of Soutland by Peter Roger Hunt
  • Povest za tirnovgrad by Juri Arnaoudov
  • Salut à la France by Ric Eyrich, Thomas L. Rowe
  • Salzburger Impressionen by Prof. Hanns Wagula
  • The Shepherd by Julian Biggs
  • Stvoreni syeta by E. Hofman
  • Svedocanstva o tesli by Vladimir Pogacic
  • Tant qu'il y aura des bêtes by Braissai
  • Teatr lalek by M. Ussorowski
  • Together by Lorenza Mazzetti
  • Tovarichtch oukhodit v more by Nikita Kurikhin
  • Vand fra eufrat by Theodor Christensen


Official awards

The following films and people received the 1956 awards:[2][5]

Short films

Independent awards

OCIC Award[10]


  1. "Posters 1956". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013.
  2. "Awards 1956: All Awards". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013.
  3. "Official Selection 1956: All the Selection". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013.
  4. "1956 - Sous le ciel de Cannes (Under the sky of Cannes)". cannes-fest.com (in French). Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  5. "9ème Festival International du Film - Cannes". cinema-francais.fr (in French). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  6. "Opening of the 1956 festival". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  7. "Closing evening of the 1956 Festival". fresques.ina.fr. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  8. "From 1939 to the present/ Disputes under the palm trees". cannes.com. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  9. "Juries 1956 : All the Juries". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  10. "Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1956". imdb.com. Retrieved 4 July 2017.


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