1954 in spaceflight

This is a list of spaceflight related events which occurred in 1954.

1954 in spaceflight
Viking 10 was launched in May
National firsts
Spaceflight France

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

February

2 February
18:35
Aerobee RTV-N-10 White Sands LC-35 US Navy
Sunfollower NRL Suborbital Solar2 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 101 kilometres (63 mi)
20 February Véronique-NA Hammaguir Bechar LRBA
LRBA Suborbital Test flight20 FebruaryLaunch failure
Apogee: 29 kilometres (18 mi)
21 February Véronique-NA Hammaguir Bechar LRBA
LRBA Suborbital Test flight21 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 135 kilometres (84 mi), first French spaceflight

March

11 March R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test11 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 March R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test16 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 March R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test16 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 March R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test20 MarchSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

April

9 April
21:12
Aerobee RTV-N-10 White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Spectrometry9 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 143 kilometres (89 mi)
10 April
09:00
Aerobee RTV-N-10 White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Spectrometry10 AprilLaunch failure
Apogee: 5 kilometres (3.1 mi)
20 April R-11 Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test20 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
23 April R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test23 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 April R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test24 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 April R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test26 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
29 April R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test29 AprilSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

May

3 May R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test3 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 May R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test4 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 May R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test4 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 May
17:00
Viking White Sands NLA-1 US Navy
Viking 10 NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
7 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 219 kilometres (136 mi)
7 May R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test7 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
13 May R-11 Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test13 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
21 May R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test21 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 May
17:00
Viking White Sands NLA-1 US Navy
Viking 11 NRL Suborbital REV test24 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 254 kilometres (158 mi)
26 May
14:24
A-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
MVS Suborbital Ionospheric26 MaySuccessful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi), maiden flight of A-1
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
May R-11 Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

June

11 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test11 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test12 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test14 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 June
13:24
R-1D Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 26 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 106 kilometres (66 mi), maiden flight of R-1D
June R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Unknown
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

July

2 July R-1D Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 2 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
7 July R-1D Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital 7 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
16 July
12:13
Deacon Rockoon USCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-1 US Navy
SUI-24 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
16 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 90 kilometres (56 mi)
21 July
20:49
Deacon Rockoon USCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-5 US Navy
SUI-29 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
21 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 40 kilometres (25 mi)
23 July
19:37
Deacon Rockoon USCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-7 US Navy
SUI-32 SUI Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
23 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 23 kilometres (14 mi)
26 July
00:29
Deacon Rockoon USCGC Eastwind, AO-12 LP-18 US Navy
NRL-11 NRL Suborbital Ionospheric
Aeronomy
26 JulyLaunch failure
Apogee: 10 kilometres (6.2 mi)

August

2 August R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test2 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
12 August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test12 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
27 August R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test27 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 August R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test27 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
August R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

September

26 September R-11FM Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test26 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
September R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
September R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
September R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

October

5 October
18:15
Aerobee RTV-N-10b White Sands LC-35 US Navy
NRL Suborbital Remote sensing5 OctoberSuccessful
Returned first images of a complete hurricane from 161 kilometres (100 mi) altitude[1][2]
14 October
21:20
Nike-T40-T55 Wallops Island NACA
NACA Suborbital Hypersonic research14 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 352 kilometres (219 mi)
20 October R-11FM Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
October R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
October R-11FM Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

November

30 November R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test30 NovemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
November R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
November R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
November R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)

December

December R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December R-5 Pobeda Kapustin Yar OKB-1
LKI-III OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 300 kilometres (190 mi)
December R-11 Zemlya Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test Successful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes


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