1954 Argentine legislative election

The Argentine legislative election of 1954 was held on 25 April. Voters chose both their legislators and the Vice-President of Argentina; with a turnout of 86.0%, it produced the following results:

1954 Argentine vice presidential election

25 April 1954
Party Peronist Party Radical Civic Union
Popular vote 4,944,106 2,493,422
Percentage 63.8% 32.2%

Vice President before election

(Hortensio Quijano deceased in 1951)

Vice President-elect

Alberto Teisaire
Peronist Party


Party/Electoral Alliance Seats % of votes
Peronist Party 140 64.3%
Radical Civic Union 12 32.3%
Others 5 3.4%
Invalid votes 2.1%
Total 157 100.0%


Vice Presidency

Party/Electoral Alliance Seats % of votes
Peronist Party 4,944,106 63.8%
Radical Civic Union 2,493,422 32.2%
Others 305,956 4.0%
Invalid votes 163,374 2.1%
Total 7,906,858 100.0%



The death of his wife and closest advisor, Evita, stuck President Juan Perón amid serious difficulties. A severe drought in 1952 and years of pessimism in Argentina's important agrarian sector depleted foreign reserves and forced Perón to curtail public lending and spending programs. The recession (and a bumper crop) did, however, allow Central Bank reserves to recover and brought inflation (50% in 1951) to single digits.[3]

Controversy surrounding Perón's in-laws and political violence both by and against his Peronist movement had dogged the president in the first half of 1953, and he took the opportunity of upcoming legislative polls to test his popularity. The Argentine Constitution did not require it at the time; but the president announced a special election to replace the late Vice President, Hortensio Quijano. Dr. Quijano had died on April 3, 1952, two months and one day before his term as vice president of Argentina was to have ended on June 4, 1952, caused Perón to nominate Senator Alberto Teisaire, as the candidate for the then named Partido Peronista (Peronist Party).

Teisaire was familiar to Perón from the 1943 coup d'état; the former rear admiral had helped retain the normally restive Navy's support for the populist leader before and after Perón's 1946 election and, after eight years in the Senate, he remained close to the military - a far from trivial consideration.[4]

In the opposition since 15 years before Perón took office, the centrist UCR had been burdened by censorship and sundry forms of harassment since 1930, and 1953 had been marked by the jailing of most of their leaders. Among the few prominent figures in the party available to run for the vice-presidency was Crisólogo Larralde. Larralde had opposed the UCR's 1945 alliance with conservatives and socialists against Perón, and was a well-known figure in the UCR's dissident, pro-Perón "Renewal Group." This did not, however, ease the UCR's restriction to access to most mass media, and the party was defeated by similar numbers to their 1951 loss.[5]


  1. Nohlen, Dieter. Elections in the Americas. Oxford University Press, 2005.
  2. Los Andes: Alberto Teisaire, el mendocino vicepresidente de Perón (in Spanish) Archived 2011-05-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Todo Argentina: 1953 (in Spanish)
  4. Potash, Robert. The Army and Politics in Argentina. Stanford University Press, 1996.
  5. Todo Argentina: 1954 (in Spanish)
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