1952 Patiala & East Punjab States Union Legislative Assembly election

Elections to the PEPSU Legislative Assembly were held on 27 March 1952. 374 candidates competed for the 50 constituencies in the Assembly. There were 10 two-member constituencies and 40 single-member constituencies.[1]


Government Formation (United Democratic Front) After the elections, Congress party emerged as the single largest party, but in the absence of majority, Gian Singh Rarewala formed the government with the support of Akali Dal, Communist Party of India, Lal Communist Party Hind Union, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party and Independents on 22 April 1952. The coalition was named as United Democratic Front. Thus, he became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of any state in independent India.[2]

 Summary of results of the 1952 Patiala & East Punjab States Union Legislative Assembly election [1]
Political partyFlagSeats
Won% of
VotesVote %
Indian National Congress 512643.333,88,18528.66
Akali Dal 411931.673,17,50223.44
Bharatiya Jana Sangh 2323.3343,8093.23
Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party 1511.6720,1791.49
Communist Party of India 1423.3364,6524.77
Lal Communist Party Hind Union 511.6721,5391.59
Scheduled Caste Federation 711.6747,2163.49
Independent 188813.333,96,95629.31
Total seats 60Voters22,98,385Turnout13,54,476 (58.93 %)

See also


  1. "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951 : To the Legislative Assembly of Patiala & East Punjab States Union" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
  2. "Conditional Mandate for Congress" (PDF). Economic and Political Weekly. 4 (19–20, 17 May 1952). May 1952.
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