1951 in spaceflight

1951 saw a number of suborbital spaceflights, conducted to test missiles, or conduct scientific research. The Soviet Union conducted large numbers of R-1 and R-2 missile tests, whilst the United States launched several research flights using Aerobee and captured V-2 rockets.

Launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January

18 January
20:14
V-2[1] White Sands LC-33 G.E./US Army
Naval Research Laboratory Suborbital Solar18 JanuaryFailed
Project Hermes launch, Apogee: 2 kilometres (1.2 mi)
29 January R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test29 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
30 January R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test30 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
31 January R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test31 JanuarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

February

1 February R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test1 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
2 February R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test2 FebruarySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

March

9 March
03:16
V-2[1] White Sands LC-33 G.E./US Army
Blossom IV-E Air Materiel Command Suborbital Ionospheric/Solar/Aeronomy9 MarchFailed
Project Hermes launch, Apogee: 3 kilometres (1.9 mi)

May

29 May
19:46
Aerobee RTVA-1 Holloman LC-A ARDC
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric29 MayFailed
Apogee: 4 kilometres (2.5 mi)

June

8 June
01:18
Aerobee White Sands LC-35 US Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Aeronomy8 JuneFailed
Apogee: 6 kilometres (3.7 mi)
13 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test13 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
14 June
13:48
V-2[1] White Sands LC-33 G.E./US Army
NRL Suborbital Solar14 JuneFailed
Project Hermes launch, Exploded on launchpad
14 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test14 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
18 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test18 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test19 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
20 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test20 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test22 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
23 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test23 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
24 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test24 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
25 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test25 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
26 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test26 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
27 June R-1 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test27 JuneSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
28 June
21:43
V-2[1] White Sands LC-33 G.E./US Army
Blossom IV-F AMC Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy28 JuneFailed
Project Hermes launch, Apogee: 6 kilometres (3.7 mi)

July

1 July R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test1 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
2 July R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test2 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
22 July R-1V Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological22 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi) Dogs Dezik and Zhegan were carried in space and survived the impact.
27 July R-2 Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Missile test27 JulySuccessful
Apogee: 150 kilometres (93 mi)
29 July R-1B Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological29 JulyFailed
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi) Electrical failure, no payload recovery; carried dogs did not survive

August

7 August
18:00
Viking White Sands LC-33 Martin
NRL Suborbital Ionospheric/Solar7 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 219 kilometres (136 mi)[2]
15 August R-1B Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Solar/Biological15 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
19 August R-1V Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological19 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)
22 August
19:00
V-2 White Sands LC-33 US Army
US Army Suborbital Test22 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 213 kilometres (132 mi)
28 August R-1B Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological28 AugustSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

September

3 September R-1B Kapustin Yar OKB-1
OKB-1 Suborbital Biological3 SeptemberSuccessful
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

October

17 October
18:17
Aerobee Holloman LC-A ARDC
ARDC Suborbital Ionospheric17 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 114 kilometres (71 mi)
29 October
21:04
V-2 White Sands LC-33 US Army
US Army Suborbital Aeronomy29 OctoberSuccessful
Apogee: 137 kilometres (85 mi)

References

  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).
Generic references:

Footnotes

  1. White, L. D. (September 1952). Final Report,Project Hermes V-2 Missile Program. Schnectady, New York: Guided Missile Department, Aeronautic and Ordnance Systems Division, Defense Products Group, General Electric. p. Table I.
  2. Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles - Martin RTV-N-12 Viking


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