1951 in Australia
|1951 in Australia|
|Prime minister||Robert Menzies|
- Monarch – George VI
- Governor-General – (Sir) William McKell
- Prime Minister – Robert Menzies
- Chief Justice – Sir John Latham
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir John Northcott
- Governor of Queensland – Sir John Lavarack
- Governor of South Australia – Sir Charles Norrie
- Governor of Tasmania – Sir Hugh Binney (until 8 May), then Sir Ronald Cross, 1st Baronet (from 22 August)
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Dallas Brooks
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir James Mitchell (until 1 July), then Sir Charles Gairdner (from 6 November)
- 1 January – The 50th anniversary of Australian federation is celebrated.
- 19 February – Jean Lee becomes the last woman to be hanged in Australia, when she, Robert Clayton and Norman Andrews are executed in Melbourne for the murder of a 73-year-old man.
- 1 March – The Bank of Australasia merges with the Union Bank of Australia to form the ANZ Bank.
- 9 March – The High Court of Australia rules in the case Australian Communist Party v Commonwealth that the Communist Party Dissolution Bill 1950, passed by the parliament to ban the Communist Party of Australia, was unconstitutional.
- 19 March – The Governor-General, William McKell, issues a double dissolution of parliament for the second time in its history, citing the Senate's referral of the Commonwealth Bank Bill as a "failure to pass" the bill.
- 12 April – Conscription begins as the first call-up notice is issued under the National Service Act (1951), requiring Australian 18-year-old males to undergo compulsory military training.
- 28 April – A federal election is held. The Liberal government of Robert Menzies retains power.
- 8 June – The first lessons of the School of the Air are broadcast from the Royal Flying Doctor Service in Adelaide.
- 16 August – The Australian Financial Review is first published.
- 1 September – The Anzus Treaty, between Australia, New Zealand and the United States, is signed.
- 9 September – Australia signs the Treaty of San Francisco, formalising peace with Japan.
- 22 September – A federal referendum is held, proposing to alter the Australian Constitution to allow the banning of the Communist Party. The referendum was not carried.
- 4 October – Francis McEncroe sells the first Chiko Rolls at the Wagga Wagga agricultural show.
- 15 October - A De Havilland Dove aircraft crashes near Kalgoorlie killing all 7 on board.
- 13 November – William McKell is gazetted a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, becoming the only Governor-General of Australia to be knighted during their term.
Arts and literature
- The 1951 French rugby league tour of Australia and New Zealand is conducted
- Bledisloe Cup: won by the All Blacks
- Brisbane Rugby League premiership: Souths defeated Easts 20-10
- New South Wales Rugby League premiership: South Sydney defeated Manly-Warringah 42-14
- South Australian National Football League premiership: won by Port Adelaide
- Victorian Football League premiership: Geelong defeated Essendon 81-70
- Horse Racing
- Motor Racing
- Australian Open men's singles: Dick Savitt defeats Ken McGregor 6-3 2–6 6-3 6-1
- Australian Open women's singles: Nancye Wynne Bolton defeats Thelma Coyne Long 6-1 7-5
- Davis Cup: Australia defeats the United States 3-2 in the 1951 Davis Cup final
- US Open: Frank Sedgman wins the Men's Singles
- Wimbledon: Ken McGregor and Frank Sedgman win the Men's Doubles
- Margaret Rintoul takes line honours and Struen Marie wins on handicap in the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race
- 19 January – Charles Blunt, politician
- 20 January – Clyde Sefton, road cyclist
- 26 February – Wayne Goss, Premier of Queensland (died 2014)
- 29 April – Jon Stanhope, Chief Minister of the ACT
- 29 May – Don Baird, pole vaulter
- 4 July – John Alexander, tennis player and politician
- 6 July – Geoffrey Rush, actor
- 31 July – Evonne Goolagong Cawley, tennis player
- 5 August – John Jarratt, actor
- 6 August – Daryl Somers, television personality
- 30 August –
- 9 September – Alexander Downer, politician
- 27 September – Geoff Gallop, Premier of Western Australia
- 9 October – Rod Galt, Australian rules footballer (died 2019)
- 14 November – Shelley Hancock, politician
- 1 December – Doug Mulray, radio personality
- 18 December – Andy Thomas, astronaut
- 22 December – Jan Stephenson, professional golfer
- How It Began Archived 8 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Alice Springs School of the Air.
- "Seven Dead In W.A. Air Crash" The West Australian - 16 October 1951, p.1 (National Library of Australia) Retrieved 2012-08-24
- "Frank Tarrant". Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "OBITUARY". The Advertiser (Adelaide). 94 (29, 076). South Australia. 19 December 1951. p. 11. Retrieved 23 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.