1937 Irish general election

The 1937 Irish general election was held on 1 July 1937, just over two weeks after the dissolution of the Dáil on 14 June. A plebiscite on whether to approve the new Constitution of Ireland was held on the same day. The newly elected 138 members of the 9th Dáil assembled at Leinster House on 21 July 1937 when the new President of the Executive Council and Executive Council of the Irish Free State were appointed. Fianna Fáil retained power, though it failed to achieve an outright majority.

1937 Irish general election

1 July 1937

137 of 138 seats in Dáil Éireann
70 seats needed for a majority
Turnout76.2%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Éamon de Valera W. T. Cosgrave William Norton
Party Fianna Fáil Fine Gael Labour Party
Leader since 26 March 1926 September 1934 1932
Leader's seat Clare Cork Borough Kildare
Last election 76 seats, 49.7% 59 seats, 39.6%[1] 8 seats, 5.7%
Seats before 79 56 8
Seats won 68 48[1] 13
Seat change 11 8 5
Popular vote 599,040 461,171 135,758
Percentage 45.2% 34.8% 10.3%
Swing 4.5% 4.8% 4.6%

Percentage of seats gained by each of the three major parties, and number of seats gained by smaller parties and independents.

President of the Executive Council before election

Éamon de Valera
Fianna Fáil

Subsequent President of the Executive Council

Éamon de Valera
Fianna Fáil

The general election took place in 34 parliamentary constituencies throughout the Irish Free State for 138 seats in the lower house of parliament, Dáil Éireann.

For this election the number of seats in the Dáil was reduced by 15, from 153 to 138 seats.

Result

9th Irish general election 1 July 1937[2][3][4]
Party Leader Seats ± % of
seats
First Pref
votes
% FPv ±%
Fianna Fáil Éamon de Valera 69 –8 50.0 599,040 45.2 –4.5
Fine Gael W. T. Cosgrave 48[1] –11 34.8 461,171 34.8 –4.8
Labour Party William Norton 13 +5 9.4 135,758 10.3 +4.6
Independent N/A 8 –1 5.8 128,480 9.7 +4.7
Spoilt votes 27,824
Total 138 –15 100 1,352,273 100
Electorate/Turnout 1,775,055 76.2%

Voting summary

First preference vote
Fianna Fáil
45.23%
Fine Gael
34.82%
Labour
10.25%
Independent
9.70%

Seats summary

Assembly seats
Fianna Fáil
50.00%
Fine Gael
34.78%
Labour
9.42%
Independent
5.80%

First time TDs

Re-elected TDs

Outgoing TDs

See also

References

  1. The total number of Fine Gael TDs is compared to the combined total won by Cumann na nGaedheal and the National Centre Party at the previous general election
  2. "9th Dáil 1937 General Election". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
  3. "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
  4. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, pp1009-1017 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
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