1931 in Australia
|1931 in Australia|
|Governor-General||John Baird, 1st Viscount Stonehaven, then Isaac Isaacs|
|Prime minister||James Scullin|
- Monarch – George V
- Governor-General – John Baird, 1st Viscount Stonehaven (until 21 January), then Sir Isaac Isaacs
- Prime Minister – James Scullin
- Chief Justice – Isaac Isaacs (until 21 January) then Frank Gavan Duffy
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir Philip Game
- Governor of Queensland – Sir John Goodwin
- Governor of South Australia – Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven
- Governor of Tasmania – none appointed
- Governor of Victoria – Arthur Somers-Cocks, 6th Baron Somers (until 23 June)
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir William Campion (until 9 June)
- 7 January – Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
- 10 January – The Beef Riot takes place in Adelaide. Seventeen people are injured when unemployed men clash with police while protesting the decision to remove beef from the dole ration.
- 21 January – Isaac Isaacs becomes the first Australian-born Governor-General.
- 22 January – The Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration announces a 10% reduction in the basic wage, in addition to reductions made in accordance with the fall in the cost of living index, effective from 1 February.
- 4 February – Joseph Lyons resigns from the federal cabinet of James Scullin, after Scullin re-appoints Ted Theodore as Treasurer.
- 18 February – The Royal Australian Navy light cruiser HMAS Pioneer is scuttled off Sydney Heads.
- 4 March – Holden's Motor Body Builders is purchased by General Motors, and is renamed General Motors–Holden's Ltd.
- 10 March – The first Apex Club is formed in Geelong, Victoria.
- 21 March – The Australian National Airways aircraft Southern Cloud, carrying 8 persons, disappears on a flight between Sydney and Melbourne. The wreckage is not located until 1958.
- 7 May – Joseph Lyons forms the United Australia Party, through the amalgamation of ALP defectors, Nationalists and anti-Labor citizens' groups.
- 9 May – A general election is held in Tasmania, which implements compulsory voting clauses of the Electoral Act for the first time. The Nationalist Party led by John McPhee defeats the Australian Labor Party, and substantially increasing its majority.
- 15 August – The two ends of the Sydney Harbour Bridge are joined in the middle.
- 25 November – The Lang Labor group led by Jack Lang votes with the Opposition on a motion of no confidence against James Scullin's government, triggering an early election.
- 19 December – A federal election is held. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by James Scullin is defeated by former Labor MP Joseph Lyons and the United Australia Party.
- 9 May - Richmond set a record VFL score of 30.19 (199) against North Melbourne. This record stands until 1969. Doug Strang, with fourteen goals, and Jack Titus, with eight, combine for 22 goals - a total equalled by Templeton and Dunstan in 1978 but never beaten
- 12 September - South Sydney 12 defeat Eastern Suburbs 7 for their tenth NSWRL premiership
- 10 October - Geelong 9.14 (68) beats Richmond 6.12 (48) for its second premiership
- White Nose wins the Melbourne Cup
- Victoria wins the Sheffield Shield
- 1 February – Roger Covell, musicologist (died 2019)
- 24 February – Barry Oakley, writer
- 25 February – Eric Edgar Cooke, serial killer (died 1964)
- 11 March – Rupert Murdoch, businessman
- 26 April – John Cain, Premier of Victoria
- 14 June – Ross Higgins, actor (died 2016)
- 27 June – Geoffrey Harcourt, academic economist
- 4 July – Bill Gleeson, Australian rules footballer
- 13 July – Arthur Hurst, Australian rules footballer (died 2014)
- 14 July – Ray Martini, Australian rules footballer
- 19 July – Alan Wrigley, writer and commentator
- 15 September – Brian Henderson, broadcaster
- 14 October – Mary Hardy, actress and comedian (died 1985)
- 21 November – Malcolm Williamson (died 2003), composer
- "Winner: Archibald Prize 1931 - John Longstaff". artgallery.nsw.gov.au. Art Gallery of NSW. Retrieved 8 August 2017.