1931 United Kingdom census

The United Kingdom Census 1931 was a census of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland that was carried out on 26 April 1931. No census was taken in Northern Ireland. It was the first to ask about usual place of residence.

Geographical scope

The census for England and Wales, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man was stored in London. The census returns for Scotland were stored separately in Edinburgh.[1][2]

Destruction of 1931 census for England and Wales

The census for England and Wales was destroyed by fire in 1942 during the Second World War while in store at the Office of Works in Hayes in an event that was not attributed to enemy action. The 1931 census for Scotland was not affected by this fire.[3][4]

There was no census taken in 1941 due to the Second World War, however, the register taken as a result of the National Registration Act 1939, which was released into the public domain on a subscription basis in 2015 with some redactions, captures many of the same details as the census and has assumed greater significance following the destruction of the 1931 census.[5]

See also


  1. General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  2. Census RecordsNational Records of Scotland
  3. 1931 Census. Your Archives, archived at The National Archives. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  4. The 1931 Census 1931 Census Fire
  5. World War II: 'Wartime Domesday' book showing life in 1939 to be made publicly available online. The Independent, 1 November 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
Preceded by
UK Census
Succeeded by
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