1931 Turkish general election
General elections were held in Turkey in 1931. The Republican People's Party was the only party in the country at the time, as the Liberal Republican Party that had been set up the previous year had already been dissolved. Voter turnout was reported to be 88%.
Total of 317 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
159 seats were needed for a majority
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Candidates were nominated by the Council of the Presidency of the RPP. Unlike in previous elections, candidates were sought from across the country and a total of 1,176 nominations for the 287 candidates.
The elections were held under the Ottoman electoral law passed in 1908, which provided for a two-stage process. In the first stage, voters elected secondary electors (one for the first 750 voters in a constituency, then one for every additional 500 voters). In the second stage the secondary electors elected the members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
Although the country was a one-party state at the time, thirty seats were set aside for independents. Independent candidates were required to be "republican, nationalist and sincere."
- Myron E. Weiner, Ergun Özbudun (1987) Competitive Elections in Developing Countries, Duke University Press, p337
- Weiner & Özbudun, p340
- Weiner & Özbudun, p334