1923 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey in 1923.[1] The Association for the Defense of the Rights of Anatolia and Rumelia (later Republican People's Party) was the only party in the country at the time.

1923 Turkish general election

28 June 1923

Total of 333 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
164 seats were needed for a majority
  First party
Leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Leader's seat Ankara
Seats won 333
Seat change 333

Prime Minister before election

Rauf Orbay

Elected Prime Minister

Rauf Orbay

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Electoral system

The elections were held under the Ottoman electoral law passed in 1908,[1] which provided for a two-stage process. In the first stage, voters elected secondary electors (one for the first 750 voters in a constituency, then one for every additional 500 voters). In the second stage the secondary electors elected the members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. However, a second law was passed on 3 April 1923 lowering the voting age to 18 and abolishing the tax-paying requirement.[2]


  1. Myron E. Weiner, Ergun Özbudun (1987) Competitive Elections in Developing Countries, Duke University Press, p337
  2. Weiner & Özbudun, p334
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