1917 Japanese general election

General elections were held in Japan on 20 April 1917.[1] The Rikken Seiyūkai party led by Hara Takashi emerged as the largest party in the House of Representatives, winning 165 of the 381 seats.

20 April 1917

All 381 seats to the House of Representatives
191 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
Leader Hara Takashi Kato Takaaki
Party Seiyūkai Kenseikai
Last election 108 seats, 31.5%  
Seats won 165 121
Seat change 57  
Popular vote 504,720 467,518
Percentage 38.8% 36.0%
Swing 7.3%  

  Third party
Leader Inukai Tsuyoshi
Party Kokumintō
Last election 27 seats, 7.5%
Seats won 35
Seat change 7
Popular vote 125,974
Percentage 9.7%
Swing 2.2%

Prime Minister before election

Terauchi Masatake

Subsequent Prime Minister

Terauchi Masatake

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Electoral system

The 381 members of the House of Representatives were elected in 51 multi-member constituencies based on prefectures and cities. Voting was restricted to men aged over 25 who paid at least 10 yen a year in direct taxation.[2]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rikken Seiyūkai504,72038.8165+57
Rikken Kokumintō125,9749.735+7
Invalid/blank votes6,321
Registered voters/turnout1,422,126
Source: Mackie & Rose, Voice Japan


  1. Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p281
  2. Mackie & Rose, p276
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