1916 in Australia
|1916 in Australia|
|Prime minister||Billy Hughes|
- Monarch – George V
- Governor-General – The Right Hon. Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson
- Prime Minister – Billy Hughes
- Chief Justice – Samuel Griffith
- Premier of New South Wales – William Holman
- Premier of Queensland – T. J. Ryan
- Premier of South Australia – Crawford Vaughan
- Premier of Tasmania – John Earle (until 15 April), then Walter Lee
- Premier of Western Australia – John Scaddan (until 27 July), then Frank Wilson
- Premier of Victoria – Sir Alexander Peacock
- Governor of New South Wales – Sir Gerald Strickland
- Governor of Queensland – Major Sir Hamilton Goold-Adams
- Governor of South Australia – Lieutenant Colonel Sir Henry Galway
- Governor of Tasmania – Sir William Ellison-Macartney
- Governor of Western Australia – Major-General Sir Harry Barron
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Arthur Stanley
- Hotels are forced to close at 6 p.m., leading to the beginning of the "six o'clock swill": 27 March in South Australia; 21 July in Sydney after referendum of 10 June; 11 October in Victoria; during March in Tasmania.
- 14 February — Liverpool riot of 1916 — troops mutinied against conditions at the Casula Camp. They raided hotels in Liverpool before travelling by train to Sydney, where one soldier was shot dead in a riot at Central Railway station.
- 6 June – The Returned Sailors’ and Soldiers’ Imperial League of Australia, the forerunner to the Returned and Services League is founded.
- 26 June – William Jackson awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in a raid near Armentières, France.
- 1 to 30 June – Adelaide receives 217.9 millimetres (8.58 in) of rain, its highest monthly rainfall since records began in 1839.
- 19 July – Battle of Fromelles commenced; over the next seven weeks 22 826 Australian casualties occurred.
- 23 July – Arthur Seaforth Blackburn and John Leak awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions (separate) at the Battle of Pozières.
- 25 July – Thomas Cooke died in the Battle of Pozières and was awarded the Victoria Cross for his gallantry in the face of the enemy.
- 29 July – Claude Charles Castleton killed in the Battle of Pozières and for his actions in bringing back wounded men before and at the time of his death, he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
- Between 9 August and 12 August – Martin O'Meara repeatedly went out and brought in wounded officers and men from "No Man's Land" under intense artillery and machine-gun fire during the Battle of Pozières; for his gallantry he was awarded the Victoria Cross.
- 30 August – Rescue of the 22 men Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition who remained on Elephant Island.
- 28 October – The first plebiscite on the issue of military conscription was held; it was defeated.
- 1 November – a general coal strike began in eastern Australia.
- The Labor government under Billy Hughes splits over military conscription.
- 13 November – Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription.
- 2 December – Sydney Twelve: 12 members of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW or the Wobblies) convicted in Sydney of conspiring to commit arson and sedition.
- 23 December – World War I: Battle of Magdhaba – In the Sinai desert, Australian and New Zealand mounted troops capture the Turkish garrison.
- 28 December – floods in Clermont, Queensland claimed more than 60 lives.
- Melbourne, with 967.5 millimetres (38.09 in) and Hobart with 1,104.2 millimetres (43.47 in), each receive their highest annual rainfall due to a strong La Niña.
Arts and literature
- 6 March – The Sydney conservatorium of music accepts first students.
- 11 July – Gough Whitlam, twenty-first Prime Minister of Australia (died 2014)
- 27 August – James Ramsay, Governor of Queensland (1977–1985) (died 1986)
- 11 September – Warren Bonython, chemist and conservationist (died 2012)
- 14 September – John Heyer, documentary filmmaker (died 2001)
- 25 September – Jessica Anderson, author (died 2010)