1914 in film
The year 1914 in film involved some significant events, including the debut of Cecil B. DeMille as a director.
|Years in film|
- February 2 – Charlie Chaplin's first film, Making a Living is released.
- February 7 – Release of Charlie Chaplin's second film, the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice, in which his character of The Tramp is introduced to audiences (although first filmed in Mabel's Strange Predicament, released two days later).
- February 8 - Winsor McCay's Gertie the Dinosaur greatly advances filmed animation movement techniques.
- February 10 - Release of the film Hearts Adrift; the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
- February – Lewis J. Selznick and Arthur Spiegel organize the World Film Corporation, a distributor of independently produced films located in Fort Lee, New Jersey,
- March 8 - D. W. Griffith's first feature film, Judith of Bethulia, is released. It was his last production for the Biograph Company.
- March 20 - Tess of the Storm Country makes Mary Pickford an icon in the US and a celebrity around the world.
- March 31 – The serial The Perils of Pauline is an early example of the damsel in distress in film.
- April 12 – The 3,300-seat Mark Strand Theatre opens in New York City.
- April 18 – The film Cabiria is released featuring extensive use of a moving camera for the first time in film.
- May 8 – Paramount Pictures is formed as a film distributor by William Wadsworth Hodkinson.
- November 19 – William Fox's Box Office Attractions Company releases its first production, Life's Shop Window
- December 3 – William S. Hart appears in his first feature film, The Bargain, which makes him a star.
- December 21 – Release of the first American made feature-length comedy film, Tillie's Punctured Romance, which was also Marie Dressler and Charlie Chaplin's feature film debuts.
- December – Chaplin joins Essanay Studios for $1,250 per week.
- Filoteo Alberini introduces a new 70 mm format, Panoramico, with the film Il sacco di Roma
- The Neptune Film Company opens the first of the Elstree Studios, the first "dark stage" in England, at Borehamwood, north of London.
Highest-grossing films (U.S.)
|1.||The Million Dollar Mystery||$3,270,000|
|3.||The Squaw Man||$533,446|
|4.||Dough and Dynamite||$130,000|
|5.||Rose of the Rancho||$87,028|
|6.||The Man from Home||$62,091|
|7.||What's His Name||$61,560|
|8.||The Call of the North||$52,284|
Selected films released in 1914
- January – The House of Bondage a lost 1914 silent film drama directed by Pierce Kingsley and starring Lottie Pickford.
- January 3 – Engelein, German silent comedy film written and directed by Urban Gad
- January 12 – Fantômas Contre Fantômas
- January 14 – Captive Souls (Hungarian: Rablélek) a Hungarian film directed by Michael Curtiz
- January 22 – Absinthe American silent drama film starring King Baggot and Leah Baird and directed by Herbert Brenon
- February 2 – Making a Living the first film starring Charlie Chaplin.
- February 5 – O Mimi San, starring Sessue Hayakawa, Tsuru Aoki and Mildred Harris
- February 7 – Kid Auto Races at Venice, starring Charlie Chaplin
- February 8 – Gertie the Dinosaur, an animated film that incorporated many cinematic innovations
- February 9 – Mabel's Strange Predicament, starring Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin
- February 12 – The Squaw Man, directed by Oscar Apfel and Cecil B. DeMille, starring Dustin Farnum
- March 5 – Child of the Big City
- March 8 – Judith of Bethulia, directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Blanche Sweet
- March 24 – The Avenging Conscience, directed by D. W. Griffith, starring Blanche Sweet
- March 31 – The Perils of Pauline, (serial), starring Pearl White
- April 6 – The Old Curiosity Shop directed by Thomas Bentley, starring Alma Taylor
- April 13 – A Bathing Beauty
- April 15 – Brewster's Millions
- April 18 – Cabiria, directed by Giovanni Pastrone. Not the first dolly moving camera shot, but it may be the first dolly moving camera shot in a feature film. A blockbuster feature film of 1914.
- April 18 – Mabel at the Wheel, starring Mabel Normand, Harry McCoy, and Charlie Chaplin
- April 23 – A Little Madonna
- May 11 – The Master Mind
- May – Mr. Barnes of New York
- June 8 – The Wrath of Gods, starring Sessue Hayakawa, Tsuru Aoki and Frank Borzage
- June 15 – The Only Son
- June 22 – The Million Dollar Mystery, (serial), starring Florence La Badie
- July 13 – My Official Wife, starring Clara Kimball Young
- July 13 – The Man on the Box
- July 17 – The Stain, starring Theda Bara
- July 22 – By the Sun's Rays
- August 10 – The Call of the North, starring Robert Edeson
- September 7 – The Virginian, starring Dustin Farnum
- September 23 – The Aztec Treasure
- September 28 – The Patchwork Girl of Oz
- September 28 – The Magic Cloak of Oz, starring Mildred Harris
- October 14 – His Majesty, the Scarecrow of Oz, starring Mildred Harris
- October 14 – Mabel's Blunder
- October 22 – What's His Name, starring Max Figman
- November 2 – Salomy Jane
- November 7 – The Hazards of Helen, (serial), starring Helen Holmes
- November 7 – His Musical Career, starring Charlie Chaplin
- November 9 – The Man from Home
- November 9 – The Wishing Ring
- November 13 – Ayastefanos'taki Rus Abidesinin Yıkılışı, directed by Fuat Uzkınay, considered to be the first Turkish movie – (Ottoman Empire)
- November 15 – Rose of the Rancho, starring Bessie Barriscale
- November 19 – Life's Shop Window, first film produced by William Fox's Box Office Attractions Company, the forerunner to Fox Film
- December 7 – The Ghost Breaker
- December 7 – His Prehistoric Past, written, directed, and starring Charlie Chaplin
- December 7 – In the Land of the Head Hunters
- December 14 – The Last Egyptian
- December 21 – Tillie's Punctured Romance, directed by Mack Sennett, starring Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin. First comedy feature film.
- December 28 – A Study in Scarlet, directed by George Pearson
- December 28 – Cinderella, starring Mary Pickford
- December 28 – The Exploits of Elaine, (serial), starring Pearl White
Short film series
- January 5 – George Reeves, actor (died 1959)
- January 6 – Danny Thomas, singer, actor, comedian (died 1991)
- January 14 – Harold Russell, actor (died 2002)
- January 30 – John Ireland, actor (died 1992)
- February 3 – Mary Carlisle, actress (died 2018)
- February 17 – Arthur Kennedy, actor (died 1990)
- February 21 – Zachary Scott, actor (died 1965)
- February 26 – Robert Alda, actor (died 1986)
- March 2 – Martin Ritt, director (died 1990)
- March 3 – Charlotte Henry, actress (died 1980)
- April 2 – Alec Guinness, actor (died 2000)
- April 4 – Richard Coogan, actor (died 2014)
- April 16 – John Hodiak, actor (died 1955)
- May 5 – Tyrone Power, actor (died 1958)
- May 24 – Lilli Palmer, actress (died 1986)
- June 7 – Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, director (died 1987)
- June 18 – E. G. Marshall, actor (died 1998)
- June 21 – Wensley Pithey, character actor (died 1993)
- July 23 - Julie Mitchum, actress (died 2003)
- July 29 – Irwin Corey, comedian (died 2017)
- July 31 – Louis de Funès, actor (died 1983)
- August 2 – Beatrice Straight, actress (died 2001)
- August 14 – Andrea Leeds, actress (died 1984)
- August 31 – Richard Basehart, actor (died 1984)
- September 10 – Robert Wise, director (died 2005)
- September 12 – Desmond Llewelyn, actor (died 1999)
- September 20 – Kenneth More English actor (died 1982)
- September 27 – Sophie Sooäär, Estonian actress and singer (d. 1996)
- October 26 – Jackie Coogan, actor (died 1984)
- October 30 – Anna Wing, actress (died 2013)
- November 8 – Norman Lloyd, actor
- November 9 – Hedy Lamarr, actress (died 2000)
- November 13
- November 23 – Roger Avon, British film and television actor (died 1998)
- December 10 – Dorothy Lamour, actress (died 1996)
- December 13 – Larry Parks, actor (died 1975)
- December 26 – Richard Widmark, actor (died 2008)
- December 30 – Jo Van Fleet, actress (died 1996)
- January 9 – Gladys Rankin, American actress as Mrs. Sidney Drew; writer as George Cameron
- January 11 – William A. Russell, 35, American actor
- March 25 – Frederic Mistral, 83, French writer, Mireille
- June 19 – Brandon Thomas, 65, British writer, Charley's Aunt
- July 1
- Grace McHugh, American actress died while filming the movie Across the Border
- Owen Carter, American cinematographer died while trying to save Grace McHugh, Across the Border
- August 21 – Charles J. Hite, 38, President and CEO of Thanhouser Film Corporation
- August 22 – David Davie Shelby, 66, actor.
- October 24 – Gustav Wied, 56, Danish playwright and novelist
- November 14 – Stellan Rye, 34, Danish film director, Dur Verfuhrte, Evinrude, The Student of Prague
- Theda Bara – The Stain (as Theodosia Goodman)
- Ethel Barrymore – The Nightingale
- John Barrymore – An American Citizen
- Milton Berle (at 6 years old) – Bunny's Little Brother (short, uncredited)
- Charlie Chaplin – writer, Kid Auto Races at Venice (short) (uncredited); actor, Making a Living (short); director, Twenty Minutes of Love (short) (unconfirmed)
- Marguerite Clark – Wildflower
- Henrietta Crosman – The Unwelcome Mrs. Hatch
- Dorothy Dalton – Pierre of the Plains
- Hazel Dawn – One of Our Girls
- Cecil B. DeMille – director, The Squaw Man
- Sam De Grasse – Texas Bill's Last Ride (short)
- Gaby Deslys – La remplacante (short)
- Oliver Hardy – Outwitting Dad (short) (as O. N. Hardy)
- Sessue Hayakawa – O Mimi San (short)
- Emil Jannings – Passionels Tagebuch
- Thomas Meighan – Danny Donovan, the Gentleman Cracksman (short)
- Adolphe Menjou – The Acid Test (short) (uncredited)
- Beatriz Michelena – Salomy Jane
- Musidora – Sainte-Odile (short)
- Pola Negri – Slave of Passion, Slave of Vice
- Tyrone Power, Sr. – Aristocracy (as Tyrone Power)
- Milton Sills – The Pit (1914 film)
- Gloria Swanson – The Song of the Soul (short) (unconfirmed)
- Constance Talmadge – Buddy's First Call (short)
- Rudolph Valentino – The Battle of the Sexes (uncredited)
- H. B. Warner – The Lost Paradise
- Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 1-13, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0
- Blanke, David (2002). The 1910s. American popular culture through history (Illustrated ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-313-31251-9.
- Robinson, David (1986) [First published 1985]. Chaplin: His Life and Art. London: Paladin. p. 113. ISBN 0-586-08544-0.
- Chaplin, Charles (2003) [First published 1964]. My Autobiography. London: Penguin Classics. p. 145. ISBN 0-141-01147-5.
- "Profit Sharing for Movies". The New York Times. December 14, 1914. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
- "L. J. Selznick Dies; A Film Pioneer". The New York Times. January 26, 1933. Retrieved 2015-12-12.
- Katz, Ephraim (1998). The Film Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). New York: HarperPerennial. p. 1237. ISBN 0-06-273492-X.
- Koszarski, Richard (2004), Fort Lee: The Film Town, Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl, ISBN 0-86196-653-8
- "Studios and Films". Fort Lee Film Commission. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
- Fort Lee Film Commission (2006), Fort Lee Birthplace of the Motion Picture Industry, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 0-7385-4501-5
- "The All Time Best Sellers". International Motion Picture Almanac 1937–38. Quigley Publishing Company. p. 942. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- The Library of Congress/FIAF American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog:..The House of Bondage
- The AFI Catalog of Feature Films:..The House of Bondage
- "Other titles of 'Making a Living'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 19-21, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0
- Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 14-18, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0
- Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 23-26, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0
- Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 30-33, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0