1910 in Australia
|1910 in Australia|
|Monarchy||Edward VII, then George V|
|Governor-General||William Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley|
|Prime minister||Alfred Deakin, then Andrew Fisher|
|Elections||Federal, South Australia, New South Wales|
- Monarch – Edward VII (until 6 May), then George V
- Governor-General – William Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley
- Prime Minister – Alfred Deakin (until 29 April), then Andrew Fisher
- Chief Justice – Samuel Griffith
- Premier of New South Wales – Charles Wade (until 1 October), then James McGowen
- Premier of South Australia – Archibald Peake (until 3 June), then John Verran
- Premier of Queensland – William Kidston
- Premier of Tasmania – Sir Neil Elliott Lewis
- Premier of Western Australia – Sir Newton Moore (until 16 September), then Frank Wilson
- Premier of Victoria – John Murray
- Governor of New South Wales – Frederic Thesiger, 3rd Baron Chelmsford
- Governor of South Australia – Admiral Sir Day Bosanquet
- Governor of Queensland – Sir William MacGregor
- Governor of Tasmania – Major General Sir Harry Barron
- Governor of Western Australia – Sir Gerald Strickland
- Governor of Victoria – Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael
- 21 March – Harry Houdini achieves one of the first powered flights in Australia.
- 13 April – A referendum is held into alteration of the Australian Constitution regarding state debt and surplus revenue. The state debt question was carried, the surplus revenue question was not.
- 6 May – Edward VII dies, his son George V becomes King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions.
- 16 September – The Australian Treasury is given authority to issue currency, replacing the use of the British Pound.
- 16 November – The Northern Territory Acceptance Act 1910 receives Royal Assent from the Governor-General, transferring the Northern Territory from the control of South Australia to the Commonwealth.
- 19 November – A cyclone strikes the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing 40 people and destroying 20 houses.
- 25 November – The Royal Australian Navy is created with the passing of the Australian Naval Defence Act by the Federal Parliament. The destroyers HMAS Parramatta and HMAS Yarra arrive in Australia.
- 8 December – Geelong, Victoria is declared a city.
Science and technology
- Comedy King wins the Melbourne Cup
- South Australia wins the Sheffield Shield
- The Great Britain rugby league team went on their first tour of Australasia and defeated Australia to win the Ashes.
- 17 September – The 1910 NSWRFL season culminates in a grand final between South Sydney and Newtown which is drawn 4 – 4. Newtown are crowned premiers by virtue of being minor premiers.
- 11 January – Shane Paltridge (died 1966), politician
- 28 January – Jim Willis (died 1995), botanist
- 7 April – Alec Downer (died 1981), politician
- 10 April – Bob Marshall (died 2004), billiards champion
- 17 April – Ivan Goff (died 1999), screenwriter
- 2 May – Laurie Nash (died 1986), cricketer and footballer
- 11 May – John Béchervaise (died 1998), Antarctic explorer
- 6 July – John Knott (died 1999), public servant
- 16 July – Stan McCabe (died 1968), cricketer
- 22 July – Alan Moorehead (died 1983), war correspondent
- 22 August – Kenneth McIntyre (died 2004), historian and mathematician
- 28 August Kathleen Best (died 1957), first director of the Women's Royal Australian Army Corps
- 28 August – Tom Burke (died 1973), politician
- 24 September – Douglas Darby (died 1985), politician
- 1 October – José Enrique Moyal, Palestinian-born mathematical physicist (died 1998)
- 4 January – Sir Frederick Darley (born 1830), Chief Justice of NSW
- 18 January – James Cuthbertson (born 1851), poet and schoolteacher
- 29 January – Sir Charles Todd (born 1826), astronomer
- 19 March – James Smith (born 1820), journalist
- 3 April – Catherine Helen Spence (born 1825), writer and social reformer
- 25 April – Edward William O'Sullivan (born 1846), journalist and politician
- 27 May – George Britton Halford (born 1824), anatomist and physiologist
- 25 June – Field Flowers Goe (born 1832), Anglican bishop
- 20 July – Anderson Dawson (born 1863), Premier of Queensland (1899)
- 13 August - Micky Dore (born 1883), rugby league footballer
- 22 August – Joey Palmer (born 1859), cricketer
- 26 August – Thomas Petrie (born 1831), explorer and grazier
- 30 August – George Throssell (born 1840), Premier of Western Australia (1901)
- 23 September – Tup Scott (born 1858), cricketer
- 14 November – Charles Gregory (born 1878), cricketer
- Guglielmo Enrico Lardelli (born 1857) composer