1910 Australian federal election

The 1910 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 13 April 1910. All 75 seats in the House of Representatives, and 18 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Commonwealth Liberal Party (the result of a merger between the Protectionist Party and the Anti-Socialist Party) led by Prime Minister Alfred Deakin was defeated by the opposition Labour Party, led by Andrew Fisher.

1910 Australian federal election

13 April 1910 (1910-04-13)

All 75 seats in the House of Representatives
38 seats were needed for a majority in the House
18 (of the 36) seats in the Senate
  First party Second party
Leader Andrew Fisher Alfred Deakin
Party Labour Commonwealth Liberal
Leader since 30 October 1907 26 May 1909
Leader's seat Wide Bay (Qld.) Ballaarat (Vic.)
Last election 26 seats 47 seats (before merger)
Seats won 42 seats 31 seats
Seat change 16 16 (From combined number of seats)
Popular vote 660,864 596,350
Percentage 49.97% 45.09%
Swing 13.33% N/A

Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.

Prime Minister before election

Alfred Deakin
Commonwealth Liberal

Subsequent Prime Minister

Andrew Fisher

The election represented a number of landmarks: it was Australia's first elected federal majority government; Australia's first elected Senate majority; the world's first Labour party majority government at a national level; after the 1904 Chris Watson minority government the world's second Labour party government at a national level; the first time it controlled both houses of a bicameral legislature and the first time that a prime minister, in this case Deakin, got voted out in an election. It also remains the only election in Australia's federal history to have occurred following expiration of a full three-year parliamentary term by the 'effluxion of time'.[1]

Two referendums to approve proposed amendments to the Constitution were held on the same day. The State Debts referendum was carried, but the Surplus Revenue referendum was not carried.

Future Prime Minister James Scullin and future opposition leader Matthew Charlton both entered parliament at this election. Scullin lost his seat at the subsequent 1913 election and did not re-enter parliament until 1922.


House of Representatives

House of Reps 1910–13 (FPTP) — Turnout 62.80% (Non-CV) — Informal 2.00%
Party Votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labour 660,864 49.97 +13.33 42 +16
  Commonwealth Liberal 596,350 45.09 N/A 31 N/A
  Independents 65,368 4.94 +3.36 2 +1
  Total 1,322,582     75
  Labour WIN 42 +1
  Commonwealth Liberal 31 +4

Popular Vote
Commonwealth Liberal
Parliament Seats
Commonwealth Liberal


Senate 1910–13 (FPTP BV) — Turnout 62.16% (Non-CV) — Informal N/A
Party Votes % Swing Seats Won Seats Held Change
  Labour 2,021,090 50.30 +11.57 18 22 +7
  Commonwealth Liberal 1,830,353 45.55 N/A 0 14 -6
  Independents 134,976 3.36 +2.46 0 0 1
  Other 31,700 0.79 0 0 0
  Total 4,018,119     18 36

Seats changing hands

Seat Pre-1910 Swing Post-1910
Party Member Margin Margin Member Party
Bass, Tas   Commonwealth Liberal David Storrer 12.3 56.8 6.8 Jens Jensen Labour  
Batman, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Jabez Coon 1.3 15.3 13.6 Henry Beard Labour  
Bendigo, Vic   Independent John Quick 1.7 0.4 1.3 John Quick Commonwealth Liberal  
Bourke, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal James Hume Cook 2.2 15.3 8.6 Frank Anstey Labour  
Brisbane, Qld   Commonwealth Liberal Justin Foxton 11.3 12.5 1.2 William Finlayson Labour  
Capricornia, Qld   Commonwealth Liberal Edward Archer 5.6 12.4 6.8 William Higgs Labour  
Corangamite, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Gratton Wilson 24.7 29.4 4.7 James Scullin Labour  
Corio, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Richard Crouch 100.0 54.4 4.4 Alfred Ozanne Labour  
Dalley, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal William Wilks 2.7 9.3 6.6 Robert Howe Labour  
Denison, Tas   Commonwealth Liberal Philip Fysh 6.5 18.6 8.1 William Laird Smith Labour  
East Sydney, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal George Reid 4.9 12.0 7.1 John West Labour  
Gippsland, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal George Wise 100.0 62.1 12.1 George Wise Independent  
Hume, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal William Lyne 100.0 66.4 16.4 William Lyne Independent  
Hunter, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal Frank Liddell 0.8 11.7 0.9 Matthew Charlton Labour  
Indi, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Joseph Brown 11.0 14.1 3.1 Parker Moloney Labour  
Maribyrnong, Vic   Commonwealth Liberal Samuel Mauger 6.9 17.7 10.8 James Fenton Labour  
Nepean, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal Eric Bowden 10.6 14.8 1.5 George Cann Labour  
Perth, WA   Labour James Fowler 2.7 13.4 10.7 James Fowler Commonwealth Liberal  
Riverina, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal John Chanter 100.0 57.0 7.0 John Chanter Labour  
Robertson, NSW   Commonwealth Liberal Henry Willis 7.0 7.9 0.9 William Johnson Labour  
  • Members in italics did not contest their seat at this election.

Post-election pendulum

Australian Labour Party
Robertson (NSW) William Johnson ALP 00.9
Brisbane (Qld) William Finlayson ALP 01.2
Nepean (NSW) George Cann ALP 01.5
New England (NSW) Frank Foster ALP 02.7
Indi (Vic) Parker Moloney ALP 03.1
Calare (NSW) Thomas Brown ALP 03.6
Wide Bay (Qld) Andrew Fisher ALP 04.1
Corio (Vic) Alfred Ozanne ALP 04.4
Werriwa (NSW) David Hall ALP 04.6
Corangamite (Vic) James Scullin ALP 04.7
Wannon (Vic) John McDougall ALP 05.0
Fairly safe
Macquarie (NSW) Ernest Carr ALP 06.5
Dalley (NSW) Robert Howe ALP 06.6
Capricornia (Qld) William Higgs ALP 06.8
Bass (Tas) Jens Jensen ALP 06.8 vs IND
East Sydney (NSW) John West ALP 07.1
Denison (Tas) William Laird Smith ALP 08.1
Riverina (NSW) John Chanter ALP 08.5
Bourke (Vic) Frank Anstey ALP 08.6
Gwydir (NSW) William Webster ALP 09.6
Maribyrnong (Vic) James Fenton ALP 10.8
Hunter (NSW) Matthew Charlton ALP 10.9
Herbert (Qld) Fred Bamford ALP 11.0
Adelaide (SA) Ernest Roberts ALP 13.3
Darwin (Tas) King O'Malley ALP 13.3
Batman (Vic) Henry Beard ALP 13.6
Boothby (SA) Lee Batchelor ALP 13.8 vs IND
Cook (NSW) James Catts ALP 14.1
Darling (NSW) William Spence ALP 14.7
Kennedy (Qld) Charles McDonald ALP 14.8
Melbourne (Vic) William Maloney ALP 17.0
Melbourne Ports (Vic) James Mathews ALP 19.6
Very safe
Maranoa (Qld) Jim Page ALP 21.0
West Sydney (NSW) Billy Hughes ALP 21.5
South Sydney (NSW) Edward Riley ALP 24.1
Coolgardie (WA) Hugh Mahon ALP 25.4
Yarra (Vic) Frank Tudor ALP 26.1
Newcastle (NSW) David Watkins ALP 26.7
Kalgoorlie (WA) Charles Frazer ALP 31.4
Barrier (NSW) Josiah Thomas ALP 35.8
Grey (SA) Alexander Poynton ALP unopposed
Hindmarsh (SA) William Archibald ALP unopposed
Commonwealth Liberal Party
Echuca (Vic) Albert Palmer LIB 00.4 vs IND
Grampians (Vic) Hans Irvine LIB 00.4
Laanecoorie (Vic) Carty Salmon LIB 00.8
Wakefield (SA) Richard Foster LIB 00.8
Lang (NSW) Elliot Johnson LIB 01.0
Ballaarat (Vic) Alfred Deakin LIB 01.1
Bendigo (Vic) John Quick LIB 01.3
Mernda (Vic) Robert Harper LIB 01.8
Illawarra (NSW) George Fuller LIB 02.0
Franklin (Tas) William McWilliams LIB 03.4
Richmond (NSW) Walter Massy-Greene LIB 04.2 vs IND
Fremantle (WA) William Hedges LIB 04.5
Parkes (NSW) Bruce Smith LIB 05.1
Fairly safe
Kooyong (Vic) William Knox LIB 06.3 vs IND
Wilmot (Tas) Llewellyn Atkinson LIB 06.6
Flinders (Vic) William Irvine LIB 08.1
Fawkner (Vic) George Fairbairn LIB 08.9
Barker (SA) John Livingston LIB 09.5
Swan (WA) John Forrest LIB 10.2
Perth (WA) James Fowler LIB 10.7
Wentworth (NSW) Willie Kelly LIB 11.0
Moreton (Qld) Hugh Sinclair LIB 11.1
Balaclava (Vic) Agar Wynne LIB 12.0
Oxley (Qld) Richard Edwards LIB 12.2 vs IND
North Sydney (NSW) George Edwards LIB 15.8
Wimmera (Vic) Sydney Sampson LIB 16.0
Parramatta (NSW) Joseph Cook LIB 18.0
Cowper (NSW) John Thomson LIB 19.5
Darling Downs (Qld) Littleton Groom LIB 19.9
Very safe
Angas (SA) Paddy Glynn LIB unopposed
Eden-Monaro (NSW) Austin Chapman LIB unopposed
Gippsland (Vic) George Wise IND 12.1 vs LIB
Hume (NSW) William Lyne IND 16.4 vs LIB

See also



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