1895 United Kingdom general election

The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held from 13 July to 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon, while a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

1895 United Kingdom general election

13 July – 7 August 1895 (1895-07-13 1895-08-07)

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Earl of Rosebery
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894
Last election 313 seats, 47.0% 272 seats, 45.4%
Seats won 411 177
Seat change 97 94
Popular vote 1,759,484 1,628,405
Percentage 49.3% 45.6%
Swing 2.3% 0.2%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader John Dillon John Redmond
Party Irish National Federation Irish National League
Leader since 1892 1891
Leader's seat East Mayo Waterford City
Last election 72 seats, 5.2% 9 seats, 1.6%
Seats won 70 12
Seat change 2 3
Popular vote 92,556 47,698
Percentage 2.6% 1.3%
Swing 2.6% 0.3%

Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Appointed Prime Minister

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Results

411 177 70 12
Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal INF INL
UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 114 17 +97 61.34 49.25 1,759,484 +2.2
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447 177 18 112 94 26.42 45.58 1,628,405 +0.2
  Irish National Federation John Dillon 77 70 2 10.45 2.59 92,556 2.6
  Irish National League John Redmond 26 12 +3 1.79 1.34 47,698 0.2
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 0 0.96 34,433 N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 1 0 0.10 3,733
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0 0.09 3,122 +0.1
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0 0.07 2,348
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 3 0 0.02 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 52

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
49.25%
Liberal
45.58%
Irish National Federation
2.59%
Irish National League
1.34%
Independent Labour Party
0.96%
Others
0.28%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
61.34%
Liberal
26.42%
Irish National Federation
10.45%
Irish National League
1.79%

See also

Notes

  1. All parties shown.

References

  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1974), British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, Macmillan
  • Readman, Paul A. (1999), "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain", Historical Journal, 42 (2): 467–493, doi:10.1017/S0018246X98008322, JSTOR 3020996
  • Roberts, Andrew (1999), Salisbury: Victorian Titan, pp. 596–604
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