1888 in Australia
The following lists events that happened during 1888 in Australia.
- 27 January – Centennial Park is opened in Sydney.
- 30 January – The Presbyterian Church of New South Wales establishes its first school, the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney.
- 1 July – "The Dawn: A Journal for Australian Women" first published by Louisa Lawson, in Sydney.
- 1 August – The Melbourne Centennial Exhibition is opened.
- 4 October – Princes Bridge, Melbourne is opened.
- 9 October – Launceston, Tasmania is proclaimed a city.
- 25 October – The captain of the HMQS Gayundah, Henry Townley Wright, refuses to relinquish his command after being ordered to do so by the Queensland government. The Colonial Secretary orders Wright be dismissed from the Queensland Maritime Defence Force, and has him removed from the ship by Queensland Police.
Arts and literature
- Angus & Robertson publish their first book, A Crown of Wattle, a collection of poetry by H. Peden Steel
- 6 November – Mentor wins the Melbourne Cup.
- 12 January – Leslie Gordon Chandler, ornithologist (died 1980)
- 29 June – Squizzy Taylor, Melbourne gangster (died 1927)
- 18 September – Herb Gilbert, national rugby league team captain (died 1972)
- 31 October – Hubert Wilkins, polar explorer (died 1958)
- 14 December – Harold Hardwick, freestyle swimmer (died 1959)
- 21 February – William Weston (born 1804), Premier of Tasmania (1857)
- 30 May – Louis Buvelot (born 1814), painter
- 15 August – Robert Seddon (born 1860), British rugby union player
- 9 October – Anthony Musgrave (born 1828), Governor of South Australia (1873–1877) and Queensland (1883–1888)
- 28 October — William Bede Dalley, Australia's first member of the Privy Council.
- "THE QUEENSLAND GOVERNMENT AND CAPTAIN WRIGHT". The Argus. Melbourne. 26 October 1888. p. 10. Retrieved 2 March 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- Nairn, Bede; Rutledge, Martha. "Dalley, William Bede (1831–1888)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 21 March 2018.