1884 United States House of Representatives elections
All 325 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
Elections results from the 1884 elections
In spite of Cleveland's victory, the opposition Republican Party gained back some of the seats lost in 1882, but the Democratic Party retained a majority in the House. Republicans were able to make these slight gains by connecting their pro-business and industry message with progress. The Democrats were also hindered by the Panic of 1884, but were not greatly affected by it since the depression ended quickly.
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Early election dates
In 1884, four states, with 28 seats among them, held elections early:
- D: Democratic
- I: Independent
- IR: Independent Republican
- Pop: Populist
- Pr: Prohibition
- R: United States
Two new districts were created for the seats gained in the 1882 reapportionment, eliminating the at-large district that had been created for them.
|California 1||Barclay Henley
Redistricted from 2nd district
|Democratic||1882||Re-elected||Barclay Henley (D) 49.7%|
Thomas L. Carothers (R) 49.3%
C. C. Bateman (Pr) 1%
|California 2||Charles A. Sumner
Redistricted from the at-large district
|James A. Louttit (R) 49.4%|
Charles A. Sumner (D) 49.1%
Joshua B. Webster (Pr) 1.5%
|California 3||John R. Glascock
Redistricted from the at-large district
|Joseph McKenna (R) 55.8%|
John R. Glascock (D) 42.3%
Joshua B. Wills (Pr) 1%
A. B. Burns (Pop) 0.9%
|California 4||William Rosecrans
Redistricted from 1st district
|William W. Morrow (R) 58.8%|
R. P. Hastings (D) 40.7%
H. S. Fitch (Pop) 0.5%
George Babcock (Pr) 0.0%
|California 5||Pleasant B. Tully
Redistricted from 4th district
|Charles N. Felton (R) 48.8%|
Frank J. Sullivan (D) 48.4%
C. Henderson (Pr) 1.4%
A. E. Redstone (I) 1.4%
|California 6||None (District created)||New seat
|Henry H. Markham (R) 49.1%|
R. F. Del Valle (D) 47.9%
Will D. Gould (Pr) 2.3%
Isaac Kinley (Pop) 0.7%
|Florida 1||Robert H. M. Davidson||Democratic||1876||Re-elected||Robert H. M. Davidson (D) 55.1%|
Eugene O. Locke (R) 44.9%
|Florida 2||Horatio Bisbee, Jr.||Republican||1880||Lost re-election
|Charles Dougherty (D) 51.8%|
Horatio Bisbee, Jr. (R) 47.6%
Josiah T. Walls (IR) 0.6%
|South Carolina 1||Samuel Dibble||Democratic||1882||Re-elected||Samuel Dibble (D) 73.5%|
W. N. Taft (R) 26.5%
|South Carolina 2||George D. Tillman||Democratic||1878||Re-elected||George D. Tillman (D) 84.4%|
E. J. Dickerson (R) 14.2%
|South Carolina 3||D. Wyatt Aiken||Democratic||1876||Re-elected||D. Wyatt Aiken (D) 93.5%|
John R. Tolbert (R) 6.5%
|South Carolina 4||Previous incumbent John H. Evins (D) died on October 20, 1884||Democratic hold||William H. Perry (D) 99.4%|
|South Carolina 5||John J. Hemphill||Democratic||1882||Re-elected||John J. Hemphill (D) 74.5%|
C. C. Macoy (R) 21.8%
|South Carolina 6||George W. Dargan||Democratic||1882||Re-elected||George W. Dargan (D) 74.0%|
Edmund H. Deas (R) 23.3%
|South Carolina 7||Robert Smalls||Republican||1884 (special)||Re-elected||Robert Smalls (R) 63.6%|
William Elliott (D) 34.6%
- Four states held early elections between June 2 and October 14.
- Included 3 Independent Democrats.
- Included 1 Independent Republican.
- Dubin (p. 271) counts 182 Democrats, 142 Republicans, and 1 Greenback at the start of the 49th United States Congress.
- Includes 1 Independent Democrat, Truman A. Merriman of NY-11.
- At-large seats eliminated in redistricting.
- Greenback Party
- Elections held early.
- Changed from at-large.
- Independent in previous election.
- Readjuster Party
- Martis, pp. 138–139.
- Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
- Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
- "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)