1881 United Kingdom census

The United Kingdom Census of 1881 recorded the people residing in every household on the night of 3 April 1881,[1] and was the fifth of the UK censuses to include details of household members.

Data recorded

Details collected include: address, name, relationship to the head of the family, marital status, age at last birthday, gender, occupation, and place of birth. As with earlier censuses, the form asked whether any "lunatics", "imbeciles" or "idiots" lived in the household, causing the Registrar General to observe that: "It is against human nature to expect a mother to admit her young child to be an idiot, however much she may fear this to be true. To acknowledge the fact is to abandon all hope."[2]

Notable respondents included Winston Churchill, Karl Marx and Charles Darwin.[3]


The 1881 census was the first UK census to be made available online.[3] Initially it was transcribed by volunteers for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and made available first on CD in 1999 and then online in 2003. Free access to the online index is now available from several sources.

See also


  1. "Census records". The National Archives. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  2. 1801-1901. Office for National Statistics. Archived by The National Archives 28 January 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
  3. "Pages from 1881 census go online". BBC News. 3 December 2004. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
Preceded by
UK Census
Succeeded by
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