1830 United States Census

The United States Census of 1830, the fifth census undertaken in the United States, was conducted on June 1, 1830. The only loss of census records for 1830 involved some countywide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi.

1830 United States Census
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenJune 1, 1830 (1830-06-01)
Total population12,866,020

It determined the population of the 24 states to be 12,866,020, of which 2,009,043 were slaves. The center of population was about 170 miles (274 km) west of Washington, D.C. in present-day Grant County, West Virginia.

This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over 200,000.

Census questions

The 1830 census asked these questions:[1]

  • Name of head of family
  • Address
  • Number of free white males and females
    • in five-year age groups to age 20
    • in 10-year age groups from 20 to 100
    • 100 years and older
  • number of slaves and free colored persons in six age groups
  • number of deaf and dumb
    • under 14 years old
    • 14 to 24 years old
    • 25 years and older
  • number of blind
  • foreigners not naturalized

Data availability

No microdata from the 1830 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation
01New York1,918,608
02Pennsylvania1,348,233
03Virginia1,044,054
04Ohio937,903
05North Carolina737,987
06Kentucky687,917
07Tennessee681,904
08Massachusetts610,408
09South Carolina581,185
10Georgia516,823
11Maryland447,040
12Maine399,455
13Indiana343,031
14New Jersey320,823
15Alabama309,527
16Connecticut297,675
17Vermont280,652
18New Hampshire269,328
19Louisiana215,739
XWest Virginia [2]176,924
20Illinois157,445
21Missouri140,455
22Mississippi136,621
23Rhode Island97,199
24Delaware76,748
XFlorida34,730
XArkansas30,388
XDistrict of Columbia [3]30,261
XMichigan28,004
XWisconsin3,635

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[4]Region (2016)[5]
01New YorkNew York202,589Northeast
02BaltimoreMaryland80,620South
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania80,462Northeast
04BostonMassachusetts61,392Northeast
05New OrleansLouisiana46,082South
06CharlestonSouth Carolina30,289South
07Northern LibertiesPennsylvania28,872Northeast
08CincinnatiOhio24,831Midwest
09AlbanyNew York24,209Northeast
10SouthwarkPennsylvania20,581Northeast
11WashingtonDistrict of Columbia18,826South
12ProvidenceRhode Island16,833Northeast
13RichmondVirginia16,060South
14SalemMassachusetts13,895Northeast
15KensingtonPennsylvania13,394Northeast
16PortlandMaine12,598Northeast
17PittsburghPennsylvania12,568Northeast
18BrooklynNew York12,406Northeast
19TroyNew York11,556Northeast
20Spring GardenPennsylvania11,140Northeast
21NewarkNew Jersey10,953Northeast
22LouisvilleKentucky10,341South
23New HavenConnecticut10,180Northeast
24NorfolkVirginia9,814South
25RochesterNew York9,207Northeast
26CharlestownMassachusetts8,783Northeast
27BuffaloNew York8,668Northeast
28GeorgetownDistrict of Columbia8,441South
29UticaNew York8,323Northeast
30PetersburgVirginia8,322South
31AlexandriaDistrict of Columbia8,241South
32PortsmouthNew Hampshire8,026Northeast
33NewportRhode Island8,010Northeast
34LancasterPennsylvania7,704Northeast
35New BedfordMassachusetts7,592Northeast
36GloucesterMassachusetts7,510Northeast
37SavannahGeorgia7,303South
38NantucketMassachusetts7,202Northeast
39HartfordConnecticut7,074Northeast
40MoyamensingPennsylvania6,822Northeast
41SpringfieldMassachusetts6,784Northeast
42AugustaGeorgia6,710South
43LowellMassachusetts6,474Northeast
44NewburyportMassachusetts6,375Northeast
45LynnMassachusetts6,138Northeast
46CambridgeMassachusetts6,072Northeast
47TauntonMassachusetts6,042Northeast
48LexingtonKentucky6,026South
49ReadingPennsylvania5,856Northeast
50NashvilleTennessee5,566South
51WarwickRhode Island5,529Northeast
52DoverNew Hampshire5,449Northeast
53HudsonNew York5,392Northeast
54RoxburyMassachusetts5,247Northeast
55MarbleheadMassachusetts5,149Northeast
56MiddleboroughMassachusetts5,008Northeast
57St. LouisMissouri4,977Midwest
58PlymouthMassachusetts4,758Northeast
59LynchburgVirginia4,630South
60AndoverMassachusetts4,530Northeast
61FrederickMaryland4,427South
62New LondonConnecticut4,335Northeast
63HarrisburgPennsylvania4,312Northeast
64SchenectadyNew York4,268Northeast
65DanversMassachusetts4,228Northeast
66YorkPennsylvania4,216Northeast
67WorcesterMassachusetts4,173Northeast
68Fall RiverMassachusetts4,158Northeast
69DorchesterMassachusetts4,074Northeast
70BeverlyMassachusetts4,073Northeast
71TrentonNew Jersey3,925Northeast
72New BernNorth Carolina3,796South
73WilmingtonNorth Carolina3,791South
74CarlislePennsylvania3,707Northeast
75EastonPennsylvania3,529Northeast
76ElizabethNew Jersey3,455Northeast
77HagerstownMaryland3,371South
78ColumbiaSouth Carolina3,310South
79FredericksburgVirginia3,308South
80MobileAlabama3,194South
81NorwichConnecticut3,135Northeast
82MiddletownConnecticut3,123Northeast
83ZanesvilleOhio3,094Midwest
84DaytonOhio2,950Midwest
85SteubenvilleOhio2,937Midwest
86FayettevilleNorth Carolina2,868South
87ChillicotheOhio2,846Midwest
88AlleghenyPennsylvania2,801Northeast
89NatchezMississippi2,789South
90AnnapolisMaryland2,623South

References

  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 43 (p.49 of PDF).
  2. Between 1790 and 1860, the state of West Virginia was part of Virginia; the data for each states reflect the present-day boundaries.
  3. The District of Columbia is not a state but was created with the passage of the Residence Act of 1790. The territory that formed that federal capital was originally donated by both Maryland and Virginia; however, the Virginia portion was returned by Congress in 1846.
  4. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

Further reading

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