181 series

The 181 series (181系) (and the earlier 151 and 161 series variants) was a Japanese limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) type operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR).

181 series
A JNR 181 series train on a Toki service in 1982
In service19581986
ManufacturerKawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha
Constructed19581978
Entered serviceNovember 1958
Scrapped1986
Operator(s)JNR
Specifications
Car body constructionSteel
Car length
  • Cab cars: 21,250 mm
  • Intermediate cars: 20,500 mm
Width2,946 mm
Doors1 or 2 per side
Maximum speed110 km/h (70 mph)
163 km/h (100 mph) (Record speed for a narrow gauge train in Japan for 151 Series)
Electric system(s)1,500 V DC
Current collection methodoverhead catenary
BogiesDT23, TR58
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

Variants

  • 151 series
  • 161 series
  • 181 series

The 151 series trains were introduced in 1958 on Kodama limited services on the Tokaido Main Line.[1] 161 series trains were introduced in 1959 on Toki limited services on the Joetsu Line.[1] Some 151 and 161 series cars were subsequently modified to become 181 series alongside newly built 181 series cars.[1]

Preserved examples

  • KuHa 181 1: Preserved outside the Kawasaki Heavy Industries factory in Kobe, and restored in November 2016 to its original style and numbering as "KuHa 26001"[2]
  • KuHa 181 45: Preserved at the Railway Museum in Saitama Prefecture[1]

References

  1. Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. pp. 43, 123. ISBN 978-4863209282.
  2. クハ181−1の外観が補修され「クハ26001」に復元される [KuHa 181-1 externally restored for KuHa 26001]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 14 November 2016. Archived from the original on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.

Further reading

  • Sato, Hiroshi (September 2005). 151系(モハ20系)電車 車両のあゆみ [History of the 151 series (MoHa 20 series) EMU trains]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Vol. 55 no. 765. Japan: Denkisha Kenkyukai. pp. 10–32.
  • Sato, Hiroshi (October 2005). 161系・181系電車 車両のあゆみ [History of the 161 and 181 series EMU trains]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). Vol. 55 no. 766. Japan: Denkisha Kenkyukai. pp. 10–32.
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