1810 in Australia
- Monarch - George III
- 1 January – Lachlan Macquarie sworn in as governor of New South Wales.
- 8 January – The Derwent Star and Van Diemen's Land Intelligencer, Australia's second newspaper and the first in Van Diemen’s Land, begins publication.
Exploration and settlement
- 6 October – A town plan of Sydney was published, on which the streets were given new and permanent names, including Market, George, Park and Barrack Streets.