The 113 series (113系 113-kei) is a Japanese suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1963 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) and Shikoku Railway Company (JR Shikoku), and formerly also operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).
JR-West 4-car set on a Sanyō Main Line service, October 2009
|In service||1962–2001 (111 series) |
1963–present (113 series)
|Manufacturer||JNR Niitsu Works, Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha Seizo, Nippon Sharyo, Teikoku Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation|
|Constructed||1962–1963 (111 series)|
1963–1982 & 1989 (113 series)
|Entered service||1962 (111 series) |
1963 (113 series)
|Refurbishment||1998– (for selected 113 series trains)|
|Number built||30 vehicles (111 series) |
2,977 vehicles (113 series)
|Number in service||136 vehicles (JR West)|
|Number scrapped||2,829 vehicles|
|Fleet numbers||111 series:|
S37 – S38
51, 53, 101 – 119, 201 – 218, 220, 236, B01 – B13, F13, K1 – K17, K41 – K76, N1 – N9, P01, P03, P05, P07 – P08, P14, S1 – S14, S33, S61 – S71, S77, S99, S221 – S225, W41 – W43, W46, Y1 – Y14, Y21
|Car body construction||Steel|
Stainless steel (SaRo 124/SaRo 125)
|Car length||20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)|
|Width||2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)|
|Doors||3 pairs per side|
|Maximum speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
|Traction system||Resistor control MT46 (111 series), MT54 (113 series)|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC|
|Current collection method||overhead catenary|
|Braking system(s)||Dynamic brake, Electric brakes, air brakes|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-SN, ATS-P|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The design was derived from the earlier 111 series, and used newer MT54 motors with an output of 120 kW. They are used in the mild temperature areas of Japan, due to their brakes not being capable of handling cold weather. The 115 series were built to operate in colder areas.
These sets were the first of the 113 series, and were put to use on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines. They had the same body structure as the 111 series, only the driver's cab had been extended. In 1970, AU73X, AU74X, AU75X type air conditioning was fitted experimentally to sets operated in the Kansai area. The test was successful, and hence was fitted into the majority of the cars. Production of the -0 series ceased in 1973, and most sets have now been withdrawn.
113-0 series (JR Shikoku)
Three 113-0 sets were transferred to JR Shikoku from JR East for refurbishment. Following refurbishment, they differed externally from most 113 series trainsets because they have lower front destination signs and rectangular headlights. Each set also came in a different color scheme; set 1 in a coat of lime green surrounding the windows with light blue; set 2 in red and pink; and set 3 in orange and yellow. All have a ribbon of silver on the top and bottom, and the colors were arranged in the same pattern. The last set was withdrawn in 2019.
|Former Numbering||Set 1||Set 2||Set 3||Current||Set 1||Set 2||Set 3|
|Car 1||KuHa 111-223||KuHa 111-198||KuHa 111-222||→||KuHa 113-1||KuHa 113-2||KuHa 113-3|
|Car 2||MoHa 113-257||MoHa 113-270||MoHa 113-272||→||MoHa 113-1||MoHa 113-2||MoHa 113-3|
|Car 3||MoHa 112-257||MoHa 112-270||MoHa 112-272||→||MoHa 112-1||MoHa 112-2||MoHa 112-3|
|Car 4||KuHa 111-532||KuHa 111-529||KuHa 111-528||→||KuHa 112-1||KuHa 112-2||KuHa 112-3|
These sets were built for use on the Kosei Line, due to the heavy amounts of snowfall in the region. They feature semi automatic doors, snowploughs and improved brakes. Some trains were also transferred to the Sagano Line.
These sets were introduced from 1972, and were an improved version of the 113-0 series, for use on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines. They incorporated fire resistant materials, sealed beam headlights and air conditioning. These trains were used around the Boso area, on the Narita Line, Kashima Line, Sotobo Line, and Uchibo Line. However, due to minor modifications of the ATC and air conditioning in some trains in April 1972, some of the trains from the Boso area were transferred for use on the Tokaido Line.
These sets were an improvement on the 113-1000 series and these sets were all located at Ofuna. They ran on the Sobu and Yokosuka Lines and on the Tokaido Line. All 113-1500 series trains were fitted with ATC-5 and ATS-P/SN.
These sets are an improvement on the 113-0 series. The seat pitch was extended to 1490 millimeters, which was a 70 millimeter increase compared to it’s predecessor. Also, the width of the seat was widen from 880 millimeters to 965 millimeters. Some of them remain in service at Kosei Line and Kusatsu Line.
These are JR-West 2-car sets which were converted in 2001 by building new cabs at one end of former MoHa (non-driving motor) cars.
- KuHa 111-1 (preserved at SCMaglev and Railway Park in Nagoya, Aichi since 2011, previously preserved at Sakuma Rail Park, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka)
- KuHa 111-3002 (preserved at JR Shikoku's Tadotsu Works)
- MoHa 110-1 & MoHa 111-1 (preserved at JR Central's Hamamatsu works)
- KuHa 111-1072 (front end only, preserved at Isumi, Chiba)
- KuHa 111-2152 (front end only, preserved at Isumi, Chiba)
- なじみの“顔” ３両仲間入り ポッポの丘（いすみ） 「１１３系」２種と「１８３系」 [3 new faces- two 113 series and 183 series- enters “Poppo-No-Oka” in Isumi]. Chiba Nippo online news. China Nippo. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
- Fukuhara, Shunichi (13 July 2013). 111・113系物語: 近郊形電車50年・3000両の軌跡 111・113系物語 [The 111 and 113 series story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533092848.
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