.476 Nitro Express
|.476 Nitro Express|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Parent case||.500 Nitro Express 3"|
|Case type||Rimmed, bottleneck|
|Bullet diameter||.476 in (12.1 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.508 in (12.9 mm)|
|Shoulder diameter||.530 in (13.5 mm)|
|Base diameter||.570 in (14.5 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.643 in (16.3 mm)|
|Case length||3.00 in (76 mm)|
|Overall length||3.77 in (96 mm)|
|Primer type||Berdan 0.254 inch|
|Test barrel length: 28 inches|
Source(s): Barnes & Amber
The .476 Nitro Express is one of several rounds (including the .500/465 Nitro Express, .470 Nitro Express, .475 Nitro Express, and .475 No. 2 Nitro Express) developed as a replacement for the .450 Nitro Express following the British Army 1907 ban of .450 caliber ammunition into India and the Sudan, all with comparable performance.
Westley Richards created the .476 Nitro Express by necking down the .500 Nitro Express 3".
The .476 is considered adequate for all African and Indian big game, including elephant and rhinoceros. Its ballistics resemble the .458 Winchester Magnum, with a larger diameter bullet; whether this is an advantage remains in dispute.
Commercial rifles are no longer available in .476 Nitro Express except by special order, ammunition is no longer commercially available, and handloading data are scant, the factory load used 75 gr (4.86 g) of cordite under a 520 gr (33.7 g) slug.
- Barnes, Frank C. & Amber, John T., Cartridges of the World, DBI Books, Northfield, 1972, ISBN 0-695-80326-3.
- Kynoch Ammunition, Big Game Cartridges, kynochammunition.co.uk. (Archived 2015-01-01), retrieved 30 Dec 14.
- Wieland, Terry, Nitro Express: The Big Bang of the Big Bang (Archived 2015-01-01), retrieved 30 Dec 14.