.327 Federal Magnum
The .327 Federal Magnum is a cartridge introduced by Federal Cartridge but also sold by Sturm, Ruger, intended to provide the power of a .357 Magnum in six shot, compact revolvers, whose cylinders would otherwise only hold 5 rounds. The .327 has also been used in full-sized revolvers with a capacity of seven rounds or more. The .327 Federal Magnum is actually a super magnum having replaced the .32 H&R Magnum as the pinnacle of power in this diameter revolver cartridge.
|.327 Federal Magnum|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Designer||Federal Cartridge and Sturm, Ruger|
|Produced||2008 – present|
|Parent case||.32 H&R Magnum|
|Case type||Rimmed, straight-walled|
|Bullet diameter||.312 in (7.9 mm)|
|Neck diameter||.337 in (8.6 mm)|
|Base diameter||.337 in (8.6 mm)|
|Rim diameter||.375 in (9.5 mm)|
|Rim thickness||.055 in (1.4 mm)|
|Case length||1.20 in (30 mm)|
|Overall length||1.47 in (37 mm)|
|Test barrel length: 3 1/16", * 5½" Blackhawk Revolver|
Source(s): Outdoor Writers * Ballistics by the inch
Introduced by Federal Cartridge company, the .327 Federal Magnum is an attempt to improve on the .32 H&R Magnum introduced in 1984. Like the .32 H&R, the .327 Federal is a lengthened version of the original .32 S&W cartridge, which dates back to 1878. In 1896, the .32 S&W Long was introduced, which generated slightly higher velocities. The introduction of the .32 H&R increased pressures from 15,000 psi to 21,000 CUP, giving velocities of approximately 1,200 ft/s (370 m/s).
Based on the .32 H&R Magnum, with a 1/8" longer case, strengthened web at the base of the case, thicker case walls, and different heat-treatment and metallurgy, the .327 Federal can be loaded to much higher pressure levels (45,000 psi (310,000 kPa)) than its predecessor (21,000 CUP). The .327's actual bullet diameter is .312 in (7.92 mm) and achieves muzzle velocities up to 1,400 ft/s (430 m/s) with 100 gr (6.5 g; 0.23 oz) bullets, and up to 1,300 ft/s (400 m/s) with 115 gr (7.5 g; 0.26 oz) bullets, when fired from the 3 1/16" (78 mm)-barreled Ruger SP101 revolver.
With its strengthened case and increased pressure ceiling, the .327 Federal reaches the velocity levels of the .357 Magnum, if not the same power. Since the .327 still shares all case dimensions, excluding length, with the .32 S&W, .32 ACP, .32 S&W Long, and .32 H&R Magnum, revolvers chambered for the .327 Federal can also safely chamber and fire these shorter cartridges. This makes the .327 Federal unique, as it can fire five different cartridges from the same gun with no modifications.
While felt recoil exceeds that of the .32 H&R, revolvers in .327 Federal are much easier to control than equivalent models chambered in .357 Magnum. Comparing the two calibers, Chuck Hawks says, "There is no doubt that, for most shooters, the .357 Mag. produces uncomfortable recoil and muzzle blast."
The .327's recoil energy is 3.08 ft⋅lbf (4.18 J) for an 85 gr (5.5 g; 0.19 oz) jacketed hollowpoint (JHP) load, 5.62 ft⋅lbf (7.62 J) for the 115 gr (7.5 g; 0.26 oz) JHP, and 5.58 ft⋅lbf (7.57 J) for the 100 gr (6.5 g; 0.23 oz) softpoint (SP). For comparison, the figures are 1.46 ft⋅lbf (1.98 J) for an 85 gr (5.5 g; 0.19 oz) .32 H&R Magnum load and 7.22 ft⋅lbf (9.79 J) for a 125 gr (8.1 g; 0.29 oz) .357 Magnum load.
Firearms chambered for the .327 Federal Magnum
Revolvers in .327 Federal Magnum were initially offered by Charter Arms, Taurus, Ruger, and Freedom Arms. The stainless steel Ruger SP101 was originally selected as the development platform for the new cartridge. Freedom Arms made a single-action design, as did U.S. Fire Arms with its 8-shot Sparrowhawk. Ruger offered the double-action 6-shot SP101 and 7-shot GP100, and the full-sized single-action 8-shot Blackhawk, revolvers chambered in .327 Federal Magnum. A version of the Ruger SP101 with a 3 1/16" barrel chambered in the .327 Federal Magnum was released in January 2008. Ruger, U.S. Firearms, and Freedom Arms discontinued these models by the end of 2013. Smith & Wesson's Model 632 has also been discontinued.
In late 2014, Ruger introduced the smaller-framed Ruger Single-Seven, a 7-shot single-action .327 Federal Magnum revolver based on the Single-Six. In March, 2015, Ruger re-introduced the SP101 in .327 Federal Magnum. The current version of the SP101 features fully adjustable sights and a longer 4.2" (107mm) barrel. In September 2015, Ruger also introduced the LCR in .327 Federal Magnum, a double-action only, six-shot revolver with a polymer subframe.Ruger also offers the similar LCRX with an exposed hammer in this chambering.
In early 2017, Henry Repeating Arms announced production of four new lever-action long guns (a rifle and a carbine, each available with its receiver manufactured from either steel or hardened brass), with shipping scheduled to begin in March. Firearms author Chuck Hawks suggests that lever-action carbines in .327 Mag. will make "excellent, fun to shoot centerfire rifles for hunting javelina, jackrabbit, and coyote"; he also notes that revolvers with 6" to 8" barrels and adjustable sights "would be excellent hunting handguns for varmints and small predators, as well as offering flat shooting protection from two-legged predators in the field."
The .327 Federal Magnum provides performance similar to the high-velocity rifle loadings of the old .32-20 Winchester, though these velocities are achieved in a much shorter revolver barrel, thanks to a much higher pressure ceiling for the .327.
Another similar cartridge is the .30 Carbine, which has been offered in Ruger's single-action Blackhawk revolver line since 1968. However, the .327 Federal Magnum has a higher maximum pressure ceiling (45,000 psi) than the .30 Carbine (40,000 psi).
Custom gunsmiths working with Ruger and Freedom Arms have offered conversions of single-action .32 H&R Single Six and Freedom Arms revolvers to .327 Federal. Test results from the long barreled guns showed even higher velocities than the .30 Carbine, along with excellent accuracy.
In the April 2008 issue of the NRA's American Rifleman magazine, Field Editor Bryce Towsley summed up his review of the cartridge as follows:
The .327 offers more 'real-world' energy than the .357 Mag., (at least in my test), better penetration and one more shot per gun load. It does all this with substantially less recoil and noticeably less muzzle blast than the .357 Mag.
In April 2008, Guns & Ammo magazine's Patrick Sweeney reviewed the Ruger SP101 in .327 Federal Magnum and had this to say:
[A] .32 [Gold Dot bullet] of 115 grains going 1,300 fps is going to perform very much like a 9 mm 115-grain Gold Dot going 1,300 fps. Ballistic testing of the .327 showed it to be superior to a .38 snubbie. I got more gel penetration with the .327 (15 inches) than the .38 [Special] (12-plus inches) and greater expansion as well....
[Out of over] a dozen different 115-grain 9mm loads, only two delivered more velocity than the .327 Federal Magnum did. And in both instances, those 9mm loads did so only out of the five-inch-barreled pistol, not the compact 9mm....
If you want more than the .327 delivers, you have to go to the .357 Magnum, and having done so you will pay mightily for it. An SP101 in .357 delivers a 125-grain JHP at more than 1,300 fps, but you get only five shots and muzzle blast and recoil that could make a brass monkey flinch. With the .327 Federal Magnum you get much more than a 9mm or .38 Special in the same gun; you get six shots instead of five, and you get it at much less recoil than the .357.
Shooting Times magazine's Dick Metcalf had this to say about the .327 Mag. in the Ruger SP101 revolver (weight: 28 oz (0.79 kg)):
From a 3 1/16-inch revolver, the 100-grain Soft Point .327 Magnum load develops 100 fps more velocity than a 125-grain .357 Magnum from a four-inch revolver, and delivers only 35 ft/lbs less energy. The recoil of the .327 Magnum 85-grain Personal Defense load is less than half the recoil of a 125-grain .357 Magnum.
Subjected to the standard FBI protocol tests for effectiveness through barriers, the 115-grain .327 Magnum load reaches 15 inches in bare gelatin, 16 inches through heavy clothing, 16 inches through plywood, 14.5 inches through wallboard, 13 inches through auto glass, and 20 inches through single-layer vehicle body steel—all with substantial bullet upset ranging from .40 caliber (steel) to .60 caliber (auto glass)....
There is nothing "small" about the performance of this deceptively diminutive-looking round. Hard-hitting and entirely comfortable to fire, the .327 Magnum should be very appealing to anyone seeking high effectiveness and moderate recoil in a compact defense arm—especially those who want a handgun all responsible members of a family can readily learn to use effectively. And, should Ruger decide also to chamber it in sporting-configuration revolvers such as the Single-Six, it will also be a fine recreational shooter and small-game hunting tool.
[T]he .327 Federal Magnum turns the .32 into a real powerhouse even when chambered in a short-barreled, small-framed, self-defense revolver....
In the Patriot Federal's original loading of a 115 grain Gold Dot JHP clocks out at more than 1,200 fps and even in the 21 ounce Patriot produces rather stiff recoil and considerable muzzle blast. For those who can ignore the muzzle blast and recoil the power is certainly there, however for normal self-defense use Federal now offers a Low Recoil load utilizing the 85-grain JHP they load in the .32 Magnum....
For those who definitely cannot handle recoil, the S&W Long 100 grain wad cutter round clocks out at just fewer than 700 fps and could be the best choice for self-defense.
- "Federal Premium and Ruger Introduce New Revolver Cartridge—the 327 Federal Magnum". Outdoor Writers - News Releases. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- "Bench Tests of the .327 Federal Magnum".
- Mann, Richard A. (17 December 2018). "Is The .327 Federal Magnum The Best All-Purpose Magnum?". Gun Digest. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Pearce, Lane, Reloading the .327 Federal Magnum, Shooting Times Magazine, 4 January 2011
- Ballistics By The Inch .327magnum results.
- Chuck Hawks. "First Look: .327 Federal Magnum Revolver Cartridge".
- "SAAMI Pressure Specs". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
- "Ruger Offers New Model Blackhawk and GP100 Chambered in .327 Federal Magnum". Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Federal Premium and Ruger Introduce New Revolver Cartridge—the 327 Federal Magnum". Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- Dick Metcalf. "Lethal Combination". Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- Sturm, Ruger & Co. Inc.
- "Ruger SP101 Double-Action Revolver". Archived from the original on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 30 Mar 2015.
- "Ruger LCR .327 Federal Magnum press release". Retrieved 28 September 2015.
- "Ruger Introduces Four New LCRx Revolvers -". The Firearm Blog. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
- "New for 2017," www.henryusa.com
- Frank C. Barnes, ed. Stan Skinner. Cartridges of the World, 10th Ed. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87349-605-1.
- "Ruger Revolver Serial Number History". Sturm, Ruger.
- Jeff Quinn. "Freedom Arms Model 97 & Single Action Service Custom Ruger Revolvers Chambered for the New .327 Federal Magnum". GunBlast.com.
- "NRA Publications's Ammo of the Year: the .327 Federal Magnum". Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- Patrick Sweeney. "Review: Ruger SP101 .327 Federal Magnum". Archived from the original on 14 June 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- John Taffin (2009). "The Whole Package". American Handgunner. Retrieved 11 June 2009.