...All the Marbles
...All the Marbles (reissued as The California Dolls) is a 1981 comedy-drama film about the trials and travails of a female wrestling tag team and their manager. It was directed by Robert Aldrich (his final film) and stars Peter Falk, Vicki Frederick and Laurene Landon. The Pittsburgh Steeler hall of famer "Mean" Joe Greene plays himself.
|…All the Marbles|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Robert Aldrich|
|Produced by||William Aldrich|
|Written by||Rich Eustis|
|Music by||Frank De Vol|
|Cinematography||Joseph F. Biroc|
|Edited by||Richard Lane|
|Distributed by||United Artists (United States/Canada)|
Cinema International Corporation (International)
|Budget||$9.3 million or $11.5 million|
|Box office||$6.5 million (North America gross)|
89,679 admissions (France) or $2.2 million
The film is known outside the US as The California Dolls because "All the Marbles" is an American idiom which is not understood in most other countries.
Harry is the manager of a tag team of gorgeous lady wrestlers. On the road, they endure a number of indignities, including bad motels, small-time crooks and a mud-wrestling match while trying to reach Reno, Nevada for a big event at the MGM Grand.
- Peter Falk as Harry
- Vicki Frederick as Iris
- Laurene Landon as Molly
- Richard Jaeckel as Dudley
- Burt Young as Eddie Cisco
- John Hancock as Big John
- Faith Minton as Big Mama
Aldrich said he wanted to make the film "because nobody's done anything about women's wrestling before."
"It's purely, totally commercial," added Aldrich. "It fits in with my philosophy, which is that the process is at best a craft, not art."
Aldrich says he was brought the story by Mel Frohman "and we stole the whole psychological drive and ending from Abe Polonsky's Body and Soul (1947)", a film on which Aldrich had been an assistant director.
Aldrich said the theme of that movie "was that the biggest damage you can suffer is the loss of self-esteem and a fall from grace. The struggle to regain that esteem will fuel any plot. You don't even have to win." Aldrich says he also stole from Body and Soul for the last act of The Longest Yard.
Aldrich said that "Rocky was Body and Soul except that an Italian fighter wins, and in the original, a Jewish fighter loses. We have here two girls and a manager of questionable credentials. All three have already fallen from grace, and they struggle to redeem their self esteem. Hopefully, it will take two funny hours to happen."
Leigh Chapman did some uncredited work on the script for a week.
The film was financed by MGM who had recent appointed David Begelman head of production and revitalized its movie-making operations. The film was announced in May 1980.
The film needed a male star. "I couldn't make Sister George in this market," said Aldrich around this time. "I couldn't make Baby Jane, Attack! or The Big Knife in this market. It used to be that the script was the big thing and the actor secondary. Now it's the star. And it's got to be a big star. Get Burt Reynolds and you can shoot the telephone book."
Aldrich says his son suggested Peter Falk, best known for Columbo. "I gave him the Bette Davis speech - a great hook for any actor," said Aldrich, referring to a technique he used to get Davis to star in Whatever Happened to Baby Jane. "It goes like this: 'Peter if this isn't the best script ever written for you put it in an envelope and sent it right back. But if it is the best, then lets make it. I don't want you to hear that you don't like that speech on page 16. It's either the best or it isn't. That rarely fails. You don't always get the picture made but you always get a positive reaction. Nobody's ego can withstand that sort of flattery."
Aldrich arranged a meeting with Falk and said he told him "This picture will earn you more money than you've ever made before. Just don't try rewriting the script or changing things around like you do with your pal John Cassavetes." Peter Falk signed to star in June.
For the female leads, Aldrich said "We made the decision to take actresses and turn them into wrestlers instead of vice-versa. If we were right, it will make the picture."  He auditioned women and tested 20.
Among the young unknown actresses who auditioned, but did not receive a part, was Kathleen Turner. However while Turner was in Los Angeles to audition for Marbles she also managed to secure an audition for Body Heat, which turned her into a star.
The women auditioned for the female leads were narrowed to eight and were sent to wrestling school. (Another account says 12 actors were screen tested and four sent off to wrestling school).) Aldrich reportedly told the women "the two that wrestle the best get the parts."
One of the final women who auditioned was Vicki Fredrick, who appeared on Broadway in A Chorus Line and Dancin'. She remembers "There was incredible tension," at the end. "On graduation day, each girl did a five-minute match for the heads of MGM, and Mr. Aldrich and Peter Falk. Laurene Landon [a Canadian athletic fashion model] and I got the parts, and the other two girls didn't get anything. It was a win-lose situation. When Mr. Aldrich told me he wanted me to play Iris, he also said he wanted me to put on 10 pounds. 'You have a dancer's body,' he said, 'and you have to look like a lady wrestler.'"
"We picked the two best athletes," said Aldrich. He did add that "I think the public likes to see attractive people. I know I like to see attractive people. So if you're going to have two women wrestlers, why not have them attractive?"
The wrestlers were trained by the former women's world wrestling champion Mildred Burke.
Second unit photography began 5 November 1980. Principal photography took place from 14 November to 24 February 1981 on location in Youngstown and Akron, Ohio; Chicago; Las Vegas; Reno; and Los Angeles. The last 19 days were just filming wrestling.
The film was produced by Aldrich's son William. His daughter Adell was second unit director, and his son Kelly was transportation supervisor. "This is not a very trustworthy town," said Aldrich. "So when you do business, why not keep it in your own family?"
Frederick later recalled filming the finale in Rena with 2,500 extras. "They didn't quite know what we would be doing, and when the match started, they began screaming, and it was incredible. I forgot we were filming; it became real to me. I didn't hurt anybody, or hit them incorrectly, but I started really wanting to win. It was just like being back onstage. You hear the applause, and you think, 'Oh, good. I did well.'"
Aldrich said "I hope this is going to be a fun picture, not a Big Knife, but then I thought Emperor of the North Pole was a fun picture, but nobody saw it, so maybe I was wrong. I'm not so sure what a fun picture is anymore, just as I no longer know what fun is, at least in this town. There's no working class any more in the industry. Every grip owns two or three apartments. It's just a job now for everybody. They leave the set, go to the bank, and then go home. No fun anymore. Let's hope this one will be." 
United Artists reportedly spent $7 million to promote the film.
"I'm 63 and I've had hits every 10 years, and I just hope I can function long enough to have one in the 90s," said Aldrich.
MGM were so confident in the film that two days before the release it announced it would make a sequel, titled California Dolls Go to Japan.
In his October 16, 1981, review in The New York Times, the film critic Vincent Canby singled out Falk for "one of his best performances".
The film began disappointingly at the box office only making $1.7 million in its first week, putting sequel plans on hold.
According to Laurene Landon (who portrayed California Doll Molly), while the film did not perform well at the box office in the United States, it made a healthy profit in foreign markets, and producers were planning a sequel, set primarily in Japan, when Robert Aldrich's death put a halt to the project.
The film won Japan's Hochi Film Award for Best International Picture.
- Alain Silver and James Ursini, Whatever Happened to Robert Aldrich?, Limelight, 1995 p. 311
- ...All the Marbles at Box Office Mojo
- Boyer, Peter J; Pollock, Dale (28 Mar 1982). "MGM-UA AND THE BIG DEBT". Los Angeles Times. p. l1.
- Nat Segaloff, Final Cuts: The Last Films of 50 Great Directors, Bear Manor Media, 2013, pp. 20–21
- French box office results for Robert Aldrich films at Box Office Story
- CALIFORNIA DOLLS, The Monthly Film Bulletin; London Vol. 48, Iss. 564, (Jan 1, 1981): 241.
- At the Movies: Peter O'Toole and a film they tried to ignore. Klemesrud, Judy. New York Times 9 Jan 1981: C20.
- ALDRICH WINS ALL THE MARBLES: [FIRST Edition] Bruce McCabe Boston Globe 22 Feb 1981: 1.
- Leo Roars Again Drew, Bernard. Film Comment; New York Vol. 17, Iss. 5, (Sep/Oct 1981): 34-40,80.
- MOVIES: ROBERT ALDRICH--NO MORE MR. NICE GUY Mann, Roderick. Los Angeles Times 11 Oct 1981: m25.
- "Lotsa Teeth: An Interview With Leigh Chapman". Classic TV History. 17 Nov 2015.
- LUCAS STRIKES BACK: FILM CLIPS SCHREGER, CHARLES. Los Angeles Times 28 May 1980: h1.
- MOVIES / BY BRUCE MCCABE; ; FORGET THE BOOK - AND BE SEDUCED: McCabe, Bruce. Boston Globe 6 June 1980: 1.
- 'BODY HEAT'--KATHLEEN TURNER CRANKS UP THE STEAM Greco, Mike. Los Angeles Times13 Sep 1981: k43.
- AT THE MOVIES: [Review] Chase, Chris. New York Times 23 Oct 1981: C.8.
- Economics and Changing Public Interests Turn Midwest Into a Film-Making Center By IVER PETERSON Special to The New York Times. New York Times 23 Nov 1980: 24.
- FILM CLIPS: WHO HAS THE RIGHT TO THE FINAL FILM CUP? FILM CLIPS FILM CLIPS Boyer, Peter J. Los Angeles Times 25 Sep 1981: h1.
- FILM CLIPS: HOW LONG IS A SPOCK SPAN? NOBODY KNOWS FILM CLIPS: HOW LONG A SPOCK SPAN? Boyer, Peter J. Los Angeles Times 30 Oct 1981: h1.
- Canby, Vincent (October 16, 1981). "Aldrich's '...All the Marbles'". The New York Times. Retrieved September 8, 2017.