Ōtori-class torpedo boat

The Ōtori-class torpedo boat (鴻型水雷艇, Ōtori-gata suiraitei) were a class of eight fast torpedo boats of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

Ōtori class
Kiji 1937
Class overview
Preceded by: Chidori class
Succeeded by: Matsu class (small destroyers)
Built: 1934-1937
In commission: 1936-1946
Planned: 16
Completed: 8
Cancelled: 8
Lost: 7
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Type: Torpedo boat
Displacement:
  • 840 tons standard
  • 960 tons for battle condition[1]
Length:
  • 88.5 m (290 ft 4 in) full
  • 85.0 m (278 ft 10 in) waterline
Beam: 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)
Draft: 2.76 m (9 ft 1 in)
Depth: 4.85 m (15 ft 11 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × Kampon water tube boilers
  • 2 × Kanpon impulse turbines
  • 2 × shafts, 19,000 shp (14,000 kW)
Speed: 30.5 knots (56.5 km/h; 35.1 mph)
Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 129
Armament:

Development

To circumvent the terms of the 1930 London Naval Treaty, which limited its total destroyer tonnage the Imperial Japanese Navy designed the Chidori class torpedo boat, but planned to arm it with half the armament of a Fubuki class destroyer. The resultant design was top-heavy and unstable, resulting in the 1934 Tomozuru Incident, in which one of the Chidori-class vessels capsized. The subsequent investigation revealed the fundamental design flaw, and the four vessels in the class which had been completed were extensively rebuilt, and the remaining sixteen vessels projected were cancelled in favor of a new design which would address these design issues from the beginning. Sixteen Ōtori-class vessels were ordered in the 1934 2nd Naval Armaments Supplement Programme, of which eight were completed between 1936 and 1937. The remaining eight were cancelled in favor of building additional submarine chasers[3]

Design

Benefiting from the redesign of the Chidori-class, the Ōtori-class had a slightly longer hull with an increased beam. The bridge structure was also lower than on the Chidori-class to help keep the center-of-gravity low. Two Kampon geared turbines powered by two Kampon water-tube boilers produced a total of 19,000 shaft horsepower (14,000 kW), which gave the ships more power than the Chidori-class, and thus a slightly higher maximum speed of 30.0 knots (34.5 mph; 55.6 km/h)[3]

The armament of the Ōtori-class was almost the same as for the rebuilt Chidori-class with a main battery of three single 12 cm/45 3rd Year Type naval guns which to elevate to 55 degrees for a limited anti-aircraft capability. The torpedo mount was upgraded from a twin to a triple torpedo launcher, and a single Type 94 depth charge launcher was carried. However, anti-aircraft weaponry was only a single license-built Vickers 40 mm (2 pounder pom pom).[3]

During the Pacific War, in 1944 survivors had the aft gun removed, and up to three twin-mount and five single-mount Type 96 25mm AA guns were installed as well as a Type 22 and a Type 13 radar. The number of depth charges was increased to 48.[3]

Operational service

The Ōtori-class were used extensively from the start of the Pacific War to escort invasion convoys to the Philippines, Dutch East Indies and the Solomon Islands. Hiyodori sank the USS Amberjack (SS-219) during the Solomon Islands campaign on February 16, 1943. Seven of the eight ships in the class were sunk by submarines or air attack in the Pacific or the South China Sea and only Kiji survived to the end of the war.

Ships in class

Ship Builder Launched Completed Fate
Ōtori () Maizuru Naval Arsenal 25 April 1935 10 October 1936 Sunk 12 June 1944 by aircraft of Task Force 58 NW of Saipan.
Hiyodori () Ishikawajima Shipyards 25 October 1935 20 December 1936 Sunk 17 November 1944 by USS Gunnel in South China Sea.
Hayabusa () Yokohama Dock Company 28 October 1935 7 December 1936 Sunk 24 September 1944 by aircraft in Sibuyan Sea.
Kasasagi () Ōsaka Iron Works 18 October 1935 15 January 1937 Sunk 26 September 1943 by USS Bluefish in Flores Sea.
Kiji () Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding, Tamano 26 January 1937 31 July 1937 Surrendered to Soviet Union on 3 October 1947 at Nakhodka. Renamed Vnimatel'nyy. Decommissioned on 31 October 1957.
Kari () Yokohama Dock Company 20 January 1937 20 September 1937 Sunk 16 July 1945 by USS Baya at Java Sea.
Sagi () Harima Shipyards 30 January 1937 31 July 1937 Sunk 8 November 1944 by USS Gunnel W of Luzon.
Hato () Ishikawajima Shipyards 25 January 1937 7 August 1937 Sunk 16 October 1944 by aircraft at Hong Kong.
Hatsutaka (初鷹)
Aotaka (蒼鷹)
Wakataka (若鷹)
Kumataka (熊鷹)
Yamadori (山鳥)
Mizutori (水鳥)
Umidori (海鳥)
Komadori (駒鳥)
Cancelled in 1937.

Notes

  1. Ōtori was 1,012 tons for battle condition.
  2. Kari was equipped 2 × Type 96 25 mm (0.98 in) AA guns.
  3. Stille, Mark (2017). Imperial Japanese Navy Antisubmarine Escorts 1941–45. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. p. 18-20. ISBN 978 1 4728 1817 1.

References

  • Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
  • Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.39 Japanese Torpedo Boats, Ushio Shobō (Japan), May 1980, Book code 68343-40

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