İzmir Province

İzmir Province (Turkish: İzmir ili) is a province and metropolitan municipality of Turkey in western Anatolia, situated along the Aegean coast. Its capital is the city of İzmir, which is in itself composed of the province's central 11 districts out of 30 in total. To the west, it is surrounded by the Aegean Sea, and it encloses the Gulf of Izmir. Its area is 11,973 square kilometres (4,623 square miles), with a population of 4,279,677 in 2017.[2] The population was 3,370,866 in 2000. Neighboring provinces are Balıkesir to the north, Manisa to the east, and Aydın to the south. The traffic code of the province is 35.

Izmir Province

İzmir ili
Location of Izmir Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionAegean
SubregionIzmir
Provincial seatKonak (de facto; Turkish metropolises have no capital districts)
Government
  Electoral districtIzmir
  GovernorMustafa Toprak
Area
  Total11,973 km2 (4,623 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
  Total4,320,519
  Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Area code(s)0232
Vehicle registration35

Major rivers of the province include the Küçük Menderes river, Koca Çay (with Güzelhisar dam), and Bakırçay.

Districts


Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19902,694,770    
20003,370,866+2.26%
20113,952,036+1.46%
20184,320,519+1.28%
source:[3]

History

The area was first settled by local Anatolians. Millennia later, Ionians in about the 11th century BC established the League of Ionia. It was later conquered by the Persians and retaken by the Greeks before being subsumed into the Roman Empire. After the split of the Roman Empire, the area became part of what is now called the Byzantine Empire until it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in the 14th century. Following the First World War, the province was ceded to Greece, but was retaken by the forces of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in the Turkish War of Independence. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), all Greek Orthodox inhabitants of the province had to leave, and İzmir Province was incorporated into the modern republic of Turkey.

Wind power generation

"The greater Izmir region produces 20% of Turkey’s wind power from wind turbines capable of generating more than 1,300 megawatts (MW)."[4]

See also

References

  1. "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "İzmir Nüfusu". www.nufusu.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  3. TURKEY: Provinces and Major Cities
  4. Coffey, Brendan (2019-09-13). "Fresh Air: Turkish Turbine Blade Factory Invigorates Historic Town". GE Reports. Retrieved 2019-09-28.

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