Đắk Lắk Province

Đắk Lắk (Vietnamese: [ɗák lák] (listen)) is a province of Vietnam. It is located in Vietnam's Central Highlands, and is home to quite a few indigenous ethnic minorities, such as the Rade, the Jarai and the Mnong, among others.

Đắk Lắk Province

Tỉnh Đắk Lắk
Lăk Lake, near the M’Nông village of Buôn Jun
Motto(s): 
Tiềm năng và Triển vọng
Coordinates: 12°40′N 108°3′E
Country Vietnam
RegionCentral Highlands
CapitalBuôn Ma Thuột
Area
  Total13,125.4 km2 (5,067.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
  Total2,126,925
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demographics
  EthnicitiesVietnamese, Rade, Nùng, Tày
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area codes262 (from 17 June 2017
500 (until 16 July 2017)
ISO 3166 codeVN-33
Websitewww.daklak.gov.vn

Etymology

The name comes from the Mnong (a Mon-Khmer language) word dak Lak (which would sound rather like "Đác Lác" in Vietnamese), literally "Lak Lake",[2] the largest freshwater lake in the province. The word dak means "water" or "lake", and is a cognate of the Vietnamese nước/nác ("water").[2] The official spelling in Vietnamese uses is Đắk Lắk, despite the fact that the original Mnong word contains long "a" sounds rather than short "ă" sounds. Some other spellings such as Dak Lak, Daklak, Đăk Lăk, Đắc Lắc, and Darlac (in older French texts), among others,[3] have also been used. The Daklak Guest House, for examples, inconsistently uses Daklak and Đắk Lắk.[4] Linguist Nguyễn Minh Hoạt has argued that a sensible spelling would be Dak Lăk, based on the ground that lak means dermatophytosis in Rade (an unrelated language of the Austronesian family), while at the same time citing the Mnong origin as the basis for the dak part of the spelling.[3] The derivative Đắk Nông Province appears to have been named after this province, by replacing Lắk with Nông for "Mnong".

History

The area now known as Đắk Lắk was originally controlled by the Kingdom of Champa. When Champa was conquered and annexed by Vietnam in the 15th century, Đắk Lắk was brought under loose Vietnamese rule. Later, in 1540, a noble named Bùi Tá Hán was appointed by the Vietnamese authorities to direct the settlement of the area by ethnic Vietnamese, bringing the highlands under more effective Vietnamese control. Military outposts were established in the area to guard against possible aggression from the west. Later, when Vietnam was occupied by the French, the French established a large number of plantations in the area. Resistance to French rule was strong in Đắk Lắk, with various minority tribes leading a number of significant rebellions. The most notable was a 23-year campaign led by N’Trang Lơng, a M’Nông tribal leader. Later, Đắk Lắk was part of South Vietnam, and saw considerable action in the Vietnam War.

Until recently, Đắk Nông was a part of Đắk Lắk, but is now a separate province.

A chronology of key events

  • End of the 19th century, Đắk Lắk belonged to Kon Tum, part of Viet Nam
  • 22 November 1904, Đắk Lắk province was created and administrated by Annam
  • 9 February 1913, Daklak province again part of Kon Tum
  • 2 July 1923, a new Đắk Lắk was formed. It only had villages.
  • 1931, it consisted of 5 provinces: Ban Me Thuot, Buon Ho, Đăk Song, Lak, M'Đrăk
  • 2 July 1958, Đắk Lắk (Darlac) is composed of Ban Me Thuot, Lac Thien, M'Đrăk, Đăk Song, Buon Ho
  • 23 January 1959, Quang Duc Province was created with the separation of Đăk Song

Part of M'Đrăk district was added to Khánh Hòa Province

  • 20 December 1963, Phuoc An District was formed, with capital at Phuoc Trach, then to Thuan Hieu on 1 September 1965.
  • 1976, new Đắk Lắk was formed with elements Đắk Lắk and Quang Duc.
  • 26 November 2003, Đắk Lắk was dissolved again into Đắk Lắk and Đắk Nông.

Geography

Đắk Lắk is based around the Đắk Lắk Plateau, around six hundred metres above sea level.

About 60 km south of Buôn Ma Thuột is Lăk Lake. Overlooking the lake is the old summer residence of Emperor Bảo Đại which has been renovated into a hotel. Surrounding the lake is Jun Village, home of the Jun people. The villagers have a peculiar form of fishing where they attach metal rods to a car battery and run the rods through the water zapping and stunning the fish and then collecting them to keep in a tank at the village until they are needed.

Administrative divisions

Đắk Lắk is subdivided into 15 district-level sub-divisions:

Second Tier
subdivisions
Area
(km²)
Third Tier subdivisions
Ward Township Commune
Buôn Ma Thuột city377.18138
Buôn Hồ town282.0675
Buôn Đôn District1412.507
Cư Kuin District288.308
Cư M'gar District824.43215
Ea H'Leo District1335.12111
Ea Kar District1037.47214
Ea Súp District1765.4319
Krông Ana District356.0917
Krông Bông District1257.49113
Krông Búk District358.707
Krông Năng District641.79111
Krông Pắk District625.81115
Lắk District1249.65110
M'Đrăk District1336.28112

They are further subdivided into 12 commune-level towns (or townlets), 152 communes, and 20 wards.

Economy

Coffee, fruit, and rubber play an important part in its economy. Recently, there have been efforts to harness the province's considerable potential for hydroelectric generation. The Jun people take advantage of the small tourist trade that passes through, giving elephant rides through the village and across the lake.

References

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