Česká televize (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈtɛlɛvɪzɛ], abbreviation: ČT, English: Czech Television) is a public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, broadcasting six channels. It is the successor to Czechoslovak Television, founded in 1953.
|Slogan||"Česká televize ve vašich barvách" |
("Czech Television in your colours")
|Petr Dvořák (General director)|
|1 January 1992|
Czech Television was established 1 January 1992 as a successor to Czechoslovak Television. It is based on Czech Television Act (Act No. 483/1991 Coll.) as a television service for the citizens of the Czech Republic.
On 1 January 1993, a new concept of channels broadcast by Czech Television was introduced, which were renamed to ČT1 (formerly ČTV), ČT2 (formerly F1), and ČT3 (formerly OK3). On 3 February 1994, Czech Television freed one of the nationwide broadcast channels in accordance with the law; starting February 4, 1994 Czech Television was left with two channels, ČT1 and ČT2.
Czech TV Crisis
The "Czech TV crisis" occurred at the end of 2000 and lasted until early 2001 as a battle for control of the airwaves, which included jamming and accusations of censorship. During the Czech TV crisis, Czech TV reporters organized an industrial dispute by staging a sit-in and occupying the news studio and rejected attempts by Jana Bobošíková to fire them. They were supported in their protest by politicians such as the then President Václav Havel and by Czech celebrities, but every time they tried to air their news broadcasts, Bobošíková and Jiří Hodač would jam the transmission either with a "technical fault" screen reading: "An unauthorized signal has entered this transmitter. Broadcasting will resume in a few minutes", or with their own news broadcasts featuring Jana Bobošíková and a team she had hired to "replace" the staff members she had sought to terminate.
The Czech TV crisis eventually ended in early 2001, following the departure from Czech TV of Hodač and Bobošíková, under pressure by the street demonstration participants and at the request of the Czech Parliament, which had held an emergency session due to the crisis.
|Logo||Type of programming|
ČT1 is a generalist channel, showing family-oriented television, Czech movies, children's programming, news and documentaries. ČT1 HD is the high-definition version of ČT1. Previously HD programming was shown on ČT HD, covering ČT1, ČT2 and ČT4.
ČT2 broadcasts documentaries and nature-oriented shows such as documentary films by David Attenborough. This channel also frequently shows foreign films in the original versions with Czech subtitles, including many English-language movies. ČT2 HD is the high-definition version of ČT2.
ČT24 is Czech's first and only 24-hour news channel, provides news and information around the clock with bulletins every hour.
ČT Sport (previously ČT4 Sport and ČT4) is a sports channel, it broadcasts live over the satellites Astra 3A, Astra 1KR and Intelsat 10-02. It is also carried on Czech cable-TV providers and digital terrestrial services. Broadcast parts of major world, European and Czech sports events (i.e. Olympic Games, World Cups or European Championships) are broadcast here.
ČT Déčko is a children's channel designed for young viewers 4 to 12 years of age and was launched on 31 August 2013.
ČT Déčko broadcasts from 6 am to 8 pm, and shares its frequency with cultural channel ČT art which uses the remaining hours.
ČT art is an arts and culture channel launched on 31 August 2013.
ČT art broadcasts from 8 pm to 6 am, and shares its frequency with children's channel ČT Déčko which uses the remaining hours.
Funding and management
Česká televize is funded through television licence fees (larger part of revenue) and from advertising (where it is less successful than commercial television stations). During 2004 and 2005 the organisation lobbied the Czech government to increase the licence fee so that advertising could be eliminated.
Media occasionally raise questions about how much Česká televize is able to withstand pressure both from the governing parties and the opposition and maintain unbiased and critical coverage of politics. Most criticism are from left-wing and nationalist parties and groups. In long struggle with ČT is also president of Czech Republic, Miloš Zeman, who on last occasion unofficially suggest to create possibility for citizens who disagree with ČT, can pay compulsory television licence fee for charitable and social programs. Because of biased anti-Zeman and anti-leftist stances, some left-wing legislators (Jaroslav Foldyna and others) said they will vote against annual report of ČT until all financial connections of ČT will be revealed. In 2013 was publicly revealed information about incomes and salaries of ČT official Karel Burian, director of Brno ČT who earned in first half of 2011 nearly 2 million CZK (about 80,000 USD), which is much more than Czech Republic top politicians, including more than prime minister or president of Czech Republic.
The current General Manager of Česká televize is Petr Dvořák, who was elected for a six-year term by the Czech Television Council (Rada České televize).
- "Útok prezidenta na veřejnoprávní televizi nemá obdoby, zuří ČT". parlamentnilisty.cz. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "Královský plat šéfa brněnské ČT: Za 6 měsíců 2 miliony!". blesk.cz. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "hlidamemedia.cz". hlidamemedia.cz. Retrieved 23 March 2018.