Édouard Grinda

Édouard Joseph Auguste Grinda (20 December 1866 – 28 March 1959) was a native of Nice, who also died in Nice, and was a French politician best known for his report, The Grinda Report of 1923[1] and as architect of France's medical insurance law of 1928.[2]



His wife was Augustine Schmitz (d.1965).[3] Their son was Jean-Paul Grinda,[3] whose grandson is Thierry Roussel, the father of Athina Onassis Roussel.

Her granddaughter Hélène Grinda (b. 1944), had an illegitimate daughter with Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Alexia Grinda (b. 1967).


He wrote Rapport fait au nom de la Commission d'Assurance et de Prévoyance Sociales chargée d'examiner le project de loi sur les assurances (in English: Report submitted in the name of the Commission of Social Security and Welfare charged to examine the project of law on the insurances). The report was published to the appendix of Procès-verbal of the meeting of January 31, no. 5505. Imprimerie de la Chambre, Paris, 1923.


  1. Dutton, Paul V.: Origins of the French Welfare State, Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 978-0-521-81334-1
  2. Beresford-Smith, Timothy: Creating the welfare state in France, 1880-1940, McGill-Queen's Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-7735-2409-5
  3. Bianchini, Roger-Louis: "Les Grinda," L'Express
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