Zuo Qiuming

Zuo Qiuming, Zuoqiu Ming or Qiu Ming[lower-alpha 1] (556 BC-451 BC)[1] was a Chinese historian who was a contemporary of Confucius that lived in the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.

Zuo Qiuming

The influential Zuozhuan (Commentary of Zuo) is traditionally attributed to him.[2] He is also possibly a contributor to Guoyu. One tradition, according to the Records of the Grand Historian, holds that he was blind (cf. Homer).

Zuo is noted in the Analects as a paragon of virtue to Confucius.[lower-alpha 2]


  1. In surviving sources, it is uncertain whether his surname was Zuo or Zuoqiu. An alternate viewpoint is that his name is Qiu Ming; "Zuo" refers to his official post of zuoshi, which has remained in his family for some generations.
  2. Chinese: 子曰:「巧言、令色、足恭,左丘明恥之,丘亦恥之。匿怨而友其人,左丘明恥之,丘亦恥之。 "The Master said, "Fine words, an insinuating appearance, and excessive respect - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of them. I also am ashamed of them. To conceal resentment against a person, and appear friendly with him - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of such conduct. I also am ashamed of it."[3]


  1. Confucius and Lao Zhu Their Differing Social Foundations and Cultures Sino-Platonic Papers 211 2011
  2. Xing Lu (1998). Rhetoric in ancient China, fifth to third century, B.C.: a comparison with classical Greek rhetoric. University of South Carolina Press. p. 107. ISBN 1-57003-216-5.
  3. Confucian Analects, translated by James Legge in Vol. I of The Chinese Classics.

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