Zanzibar Archipelago

The Zanzibar Archipelago (Arabic: أرخبيل زنجبار, Swahili: Funguvisiwa la Zanzibar) consists of several islands lying off the coast of East Africa south of the Somali sea. The archipelago is also known as the Spice Islands. There are four main islands, three primary islands with human populations, a fourth coral island that serves as an essential breeding ground for seabirds, plus a number of smaller islets that surround them and an isolated tiny islet.[1]

Most of the archipelago belongs to the Zanzibar semi-autonomous region of Tanzania, while Mafia Island and its associated islets are part of the Pwani Region on the mainland.

List of islands

Main islands

Surrounding Unguja Island

Surrounding Pemba Island[3]

  • Fundo Island - settled
  • Funzi Island
  • Jombe Island
  • Kashani Island
  • Kisiwa Hamisi
  • Kisiwa Kamata
  • Kisiwa Mbali
  • Kisiwa N´gombe
  • Kojani Island - settled
  • Kokota Island - settled
  • Kuji Island
  • Kwata Islet
  • Makoongwe Island - settled
  • Matumbi Makubwa Island
  • Matumbini Island
  • Misali Island
  • Njao Island
  • Panani Island
  • Panza Island - settled
  • Shamiani Island - settled
  • Sumtama Island
  • Uvinje Island - settled
  • Vikunguni Island

References

  1. Lizzie Williams (2005). Africa Overland. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 1-77007-187-3.
  2. Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Republic of Tanzania, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, E/C.12/TZA/1-3, 28 March 2011, page 5
  3. Pemba - The clove island 1:100,000, Map & Guide, 2013, Dept. of Surveys and mapping, Chake-Chake
  • Finke, J. (2006) The Rough Guide to Zanzibar (2nd edition). New York: Rough Guides.

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