Yasuo Fukuda (福田 康夫 Fukuda Yasuo, born 16 July 1936) is a Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan from 2007 to 2008. He was previously the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in Japanese history, serving in that role from 2000 to 2004 under Prime Ministers Yoshirō Mori and Junichiro Koizumi.
|Prime Minister of Japan|
26 September 2007 – 24 September 2008
|Preceded by||Shinzo Abe|
|Succeeded by||Tarō Asō|
|Chief Cabinet Secretary|
October 2000 – 7 May 2004
|Prime Minister||Yoshirō Mori|
|Preceded by||Hidenao Nakagawa|
|Succeeded by||Hiroyuki Hosoda|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
for Gunma 4th District
7 November 1996 – 16 November 2012
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||Tatsuo Fukuda|
|Member of the House of Representatives|
for Gunma 3rd District
|Born||16 July 1936|
|Political party||Liberal Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||Waseda University|
Following the resignation of Prime Minister Shinzō Abe, Fukuda was elected as President of the Liberal Democratic Party and became Prime Minister in September 2007. Fukuda was the first son of a former Japanese Prime Minister (Takeo Fukuda) to also take up the post.
On 1 September 2008, Fukuda announced his resignation, triggering another LDP leadership election.
Although Japan hosted the G8 summit meeting without mishap during Fukuda's time in office, he himself earned little or no credit from ordinary Japanese, and when he resigned, he became the first of the G8 leaders to leave office.
Fukuda was born in Takasaki, Gunma, the eldest son of politician (later the 67th Prime Minister) Takeo Fukuda. He grew up in Setagaya, Tokyo, attending Azabu High School and graduating from Waseda University in 1959 with a degree in economics. After university, he joined Maruzen Petroleum (now part of the Cosmo Oil Company). He was only minimally involved in politics over the next seventeen years, working his way up to section chief as a typical Japanese "salaryman". He was posted to the United States from 1962-64. While his father Takeo Fukuda was prime minister from 1976–78, Yasuo became a political secretary. From 1978 to 1989, he was a director of the Kinzai Institute for Financial Affairs, serving as a trustee from 1986 onward.
Fukuda ran for the House of Representatives in 1990 and won a seat. He was elected deputy director of the Liberal Democratic Party in 1997 and became Chief Cabinet Secretary to Yoshirō Mori in October 2000. He resigned his position as Chief Cabinet Secretary on 7 May 2004 amid a large political scandal related to the Japanese pension system.
Fukuda was considered a contender for the leadership of the LDP in 2006, but, on 21 July, he decided that he would not seek the nomination. Instead, Shinzō Abe succeeded Junichirō Koizumi as leader of the LDP and Prime Minister of Japan. One of his most noted policy goals is to end prime ministerial visits to Yasukuni Shrine. In June 2006, Fukuda joined 134 other lawmakers in proposing a secular alternative to the shrine, citing constitutional concerns.
Election as Prime Minister
Following Abe's resignation in September 2007, Fukuda announced that he would run in the Liberal Democratic Party leadership election, which would also determine the prime minister, given the LDP's majority in the House of Representatives.
Fukuda received a great deal of support in his bid, including that of the LDP's largest faction, led by Foreign Minister Nobutaka Machimura, of which Fukuda is a member. Finance Minister Fukushiro Nukaga, who initially had intended to run for the leadership, also backed Fukuda. Fukuda's only competitor for the leadership, Tarō Asō, publicly acknowledged the likelihood of his own defeat a week before the election.
In the election, on 23 September, he defeated Aso, receiving 330 votes against Aso's 197. Fukuda was formally elected as Japan's 91st prime minister on 25 September. He received 338 votes, almost 100 more than necessary for a majority, in the House of Representatives; although the House of Councillors (the upper house), led by the opposition Democratic Party, elected Ichirō Ozawa over Fukuda by a margin of 133 to 106. This deadlock was then resolved in favor of the lower house's choice, according to Article 67 of the Constitution.
Fukuda and his cabinet were formally sworn in by Emperor Akihito on September 26.
On 11 June 2008, a non-binding censure motion was passed by parliament's opposition-controlled upper house against Yasuo Fukuda. Filed by the Democratic Party of Japan and two other parties, it was the first censure motion against a prime minister under Japan's post-war constitution. Ahead of the G8 summit, it attacked his handling of domestic issues including an unpopular medical plan and called for a snap election or his resignation.
Motion of confidence
On 12 June, a motion of confidence was passed by the lower house's ruling coalition to counter the censure.
On 1 September 2008, Fukuda announced his resignation, citing reasons related to improving the flow of the political process. The sudden announcement began with a call for an emergency press conference issued at 6:00 pm, The purpose not disclosed until 10 minutes prior to the scheduled start of the press conference. The resignation was widely compared to the sudden resignation of Abe a year earlier. Fukuda said that while Abe's resignation was due to health reasons, his own resignation was motivated by a desire to remove impediments to legislative and political process due to deadlock between his party and the opposition-controlled upper house of the Diet.
The resignation led to another leadership election within the LDP. Tarō Asō was viewed as the likely front-runner to replace Fukuda, and was elected a week later. His popularity was hit by a controversial medical plan for elderly people, falling below 30% at one stage. He said:
Today, I have decided to resign. We need a new line-up to cope with a new session of parliament. My decision is based on what I thought the future political situation ought to be. The Democratic Party has tried to stall every bill so it has taken a long time to implement any policies. For the sake of the Japanese people, this should not be repeated. If we are to prioritize the people's livelihoods, there cannot be a political vacuum from political bargaining, or a lapse in policies. We need a new team to carry out policies.
Taro Aso was elected to succeed Fukuda as LDP President on 22 September. Fukuda and his cabinet resigned en masse on 24 September 2008, to make way for a new Cabinet headed by Aso. Aso was elected as Prime Minister by the House of Representatives on the same day.
In June 2014, Fukuda visited Beijing for secret meetings with Chinese government officials. The meeting was seen as the first after nearly 18 months between a senior Japanese political leader and Chinese officials. During the meeting, Fukuda was passed the message that President Xi wanted to meet with the Japanese Prime Minister Abe. Following this, in late July Fukuda conveyed the details of the discussion to Abe. On getting the consent from Abe, Fukuda returned to Beijing and on 28 July informed Xi about the consent from Abe, and thus laid the groundwork for the Japan-China summit that was held in November 2014.
Statements on "Super Free"
When Fukuda was Chief Cabinet Secretary to former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi he was reported to have made highly controversial comments during an off-the-record discussion with reporters in June 2003 regarding the victims of rape by male members of the Waseda University "Super Free" club, according to an article in the weekly magazine Shukan Bunshun.
The magazine quoted Fukuda as saying: "There are women who look like they are saying 'Do it to me'. Those who have that kind of appearance are at fault, because men are black panthers." In response, Fukuda claimed that the Shukan Bunshun had distorted his comments, stating that he had never intended to defend rape, and told a parliamentary panel afterward that rape was "a criminal act and an atrocious crime."
One of the major issues during Fukuda's first months in office was the status of Japan's Indian Ocean refueling mission. After the 11 September attacks and the subsequent invasion of Afghanistan, the Diet passed a bill that allowed Japanese oil tankers to provide fuel for American ships involved in military operations. When Fukuda became Prime Minister he vowed to continue the mission, this despite the fact that the DPJ which opposed the authorization bill now had a majority in the upper house. After several months of debate and aborted attempts at compromise the upper house rejected the bill to continue the mission. However, the bill ultimately became law as Fukuda used the LDP's 2/3 majority in the lower house to win successful passage for the bill.
Fukuda's cabinet was formed on 26 September 2007. It was almost identical to Abe's. After his administration started, the Cabinet's approval rating continually declined. According to the Asahi Shimbun newspaper, in late April 2008 the disapproval rating of the Cabinet was 60 percent and the approval rating at 25 percent. Fukuda reshuffled his cabinet on 1 August 2008.
|Internal Affairs||Hiroya Masuda|
|Foreign Affairs||Masahiko Kōmura|
|Economic Policy||Hiroko Ōta|
|Okinawa and Northern Territories,
|Population, Youth and Gender Equality||Yōko Kamikawa|
In March 2008, Croatian President Stjepan Mesić presented Fukuda with the Grand Order of Queen Jelena with the Sash and the Croatian Morning Star. The decoration was given to Fukuda for his efforts in promoting friendly relations between Japan and Croatia.
- Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD-IV), 2008.
- Keiichi Yamamura and Sachiko Sakamaki, "Fukuda Challenges Aso in Race to Be Prime Minister", Bloomberg.com, 14 September 2007.
- Kato, Taku (September 1, 2008). "Fukuda Resigns as Japan's Prime Minister Citing Gridlock". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 1, 2008.
- "Get someone else," The Economist, 1 September 2008.
- Appointment of Mr. Yasuo Fukada, President of Japan Canoe Federation as Prime Minister of Japan, canoeicf.com, 26 September 2007; accessed 10 October 2009.
- Japan lawmakers seek to replace war shrine, ShanghaiDaily.com, 16 June 2006.
- "Japan's finance chief not to run for ruling party president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 14 September 2007.
- "Former FM Aso acknowledges probable defeat in Japan's leadership race", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 16 September 2007.
- "Fukuda Chosen to Replace Abe as Japan's Prime Minister" Archived August 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, VOA News, 23 September 2007.
- "LDP leader Fukuda elected prime minister". Mainichi Daily News. September 25, 2007. Retrieved September 26, 2007.
- "Fukuda installed as Japanese PM", BBC News, 25 September 2007.
- "Japan's new leadership sworn in", BBC News, 26 September 2007.
- "Censure passed against Japan PM". bbc.co.uk. June 11, 2008. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- afp.google.com, Japan PM humiliated by parliament Archived June 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Censure motion offered against Fukuda". UPI. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Boost for Japan's beleaguered PM, bbc.co.uk; accessed 18 June 2015.
- "Login". Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- "Beleaguered Japanese PM resigns". CNN. September 1, 2008. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- afp.google.com, Japan PM Fukuda resigns Archived May 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Taro Aso confirmed as Japan's new Prime Minister, theaustralian.news.com; accessed 18 June 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Andy Sharp (August 1, 2014). "Ex-Japan Premier Fukuda May Have Met Xi on China Trip, Jiji Says". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- "Rape Debate In Japan". CBS. September 2, 2003. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- "Fukuda accused of defending rape", Japan Times, 4 July 2003.
- "Japan rape victims 'asking for it'," BBC News, 3 July 2003.
- "Fukuda denies making remarks defending alleged gang rapists, Kyodo, 8 July 2003.
- "Profile: Yasuo Fukuda". BBC. September 23, 2007. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
- Talmadge, Eric (January 12, 2008). "Japan to Resume Its Mission in Indian Ocean". Associated Press (Washington Post). Retrieved June 14, 2008.
- "Members of the Abe Cabinet". Retrieved September 28, 2007. NB: Despite the title of the page it is indeed the list of members of Fukuda Cabinet.
- Masami Ito (September 26, 2007). "Fukuda elected prime minister in Diet faceoff". The Japan Times. Retrieved September 26, 2007.
- "Japanese prime minister reshuffles Cabinet". Associated Press. August 1, 2008. Archived from the original on August 19, 2008. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
- "President Mesić meets Japanese Emperor Akihito". HINA. March 5, 2008. Archived from the original on February 2, 2009. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
- "Japan-Croatia Summit Meeting". Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet. March 5, 2008. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yasuo Fukuda.|
|House of Representatives of Japan|
| Representative for Gunma 3rd district
|New constituency|| Representative for Gunma 4th district
| Minister for Okinawa Development
| Chief Cabinet Secretary
|New title|| Minister of State for Gender Equality and Social Affairs
| Prime Minister of Japan
|Party political offices|
| President of the Liberal Democratic Party
| Chairperson of the G8