Yamato Province (大和国 Yamato no Kuni) was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture in Honshū. It was also called Washū (和州). Yamato consists of two characters, 大 "great", and 和 "Wa". At first, the name was written with one different character (大倭), but due to its offensive connotation, for about ten years after 737, this was revised to use more desirable characters (大養徳) (see Names of Japan). The final revision was made in the second year of the Tenpyō-hōji era (c. 758). It is classified as a great province in the Engishiki.
The Yamato Period in the history of Japan refers to the late Kofun Period (c. 250–538) and Asuka Period (538–710). Japanese archaeologists and historians emphasize the fact that during the early Kofun Period the Yamato chieftainship was in close contention with other regional powers, such as Kibi Province near present-day Okayama Prefecture. Around the 6th century, the local chieftainship gained national control and established the Imperial court in Yamato Province.
The provincial capital was Wakigami in Katsujō District (modern northeastern Gose), but accompanying the Heijō-kyō capital transfer, it was moved to Takaichi District (Jōroku in modern Kashihara, where the Ōgaru and Ishikawa towns meet, called Karu no Chimata). The exact location of the capital is guessed at by various sources, but not known for sure. There was no shugo's mansion; the Kōfuku-ji played that role.
In the Setsuyōshū, Toichi District is listed as the seat.
The primary shrine was Sakurai's Ōmiwa Shrine, but there have been no records stating as such found at the shrine itself. There were no secondary shrines. The sōja (or principal Shinto shrine in the province) was Kokufu Shrine (Takatori, Takaichi, Nara).
Kami of Yamato
- Minamoto no Shigetoki
- Minamoto no Suetō
- Utsunomiya Nobufusa
- Oda Hidanaga
- Oda Toshisada
- Oda Tatsusada
- Oda Tatsukatsu
- Mitsuki Naoyori
- Honjō Fusanaga
- Tōyama Kagetō
- Jushii-ge Nakai Masakiyo
- Jushii-ge Matsudaira Tomonori
- Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naotsune
- Jugoi-ge Kanō Hisachika
- Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naonobu
- Jushii-ge Matsudaira Tsunenori
- Jushii-ge Matsudaira Naoyoshi
|Ancient||Medieval||1 April 1896||Modern|
|Sofu (曾布)||Sofu no Kami no Kōri||Soekami-gun||Soekami-gun||Nara-shi, Tenri-shi|
|Sofu no Shimo no Kōri||Soejimo-gun||Ikoma-gun||Yamatokōriyama-shi, Ikoma-shi, Ikoma-gun|
|Heguri no Kōri||Heguri-gun|
|Hirose no Kōri||Hirose-gun||Kitakatsuragi-gun||Yamatotakada-shi, Kashiba-shi, Katsuragi-shi, Kitakatsuragi-gun|
|Katsuragi (葛城)||Katsuragi no Shimo no Kōri||Katsuge-gun|
|Katsuragi no Kami no Kōri||Katsujō-gun||Minamikatsuragi-gun||Gose-shi|
|Oshimi no Kōri||Oshimi-gun|
|Uchi no Kōri||Uchi-gun||Uchi-gun||Gojō-shi|
|Yoshino no Kōri||Yoshino-gun||Yoshino-gun||Gojō-shi, Yoshino-gun|
|Uda no Kōri||Uda-gun||Uda-gun||Uda-shi, Uda-gun|
|Shiki (磯城)||Shiki no Kami no Kōri||Shikijō-gun||Shiki-gun||Tenri-shi, Kashihara-shi, Sakurai-shi, Shiki-gun|
|Shiki no Shimo no Kōri||Shikige-gun|
|Toichi no Kōri||Toichi-gun|
|Takaichi no Kōri||Takaichi-gun||Takaichi-gun||Kashihara-shi, Takaichi-gun|
|Yamabe no Kōri||Yamabe-gun||Yamabe-gun||Tenri-shi, Nara-shi, Yamabe-gun|