William Gilman Thompson

William Gilman Thompson (December 26, 1856 - October 27, 1927) was a founder and president of the New York Clinic for the Functional Re-education of Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, and Civilians[1] (later renamed Reconstruction Hospital, which then merged with N.Y.U. Bellevue). He became a professor of medicine at New York University Medical College, at Woman's Medical College, and at Cornell University Medical College in New York City, retiring as a professor emeritus. He consolidated the Demilt Dispensary and Park Hospital with the New York Clinic. He was appointed consulting physician to Bellevue Hospital and Nassau Hospital, Mineola Medical Service, Woman's Hospital, Lawrence Hospital and to the Standard Oil Company. Thompson was also appointed the consultant in industrial hygiene for the Public Health Service and served as a member of the Council of National Defense, chairman of Industrial Hygiene Division of New York State Labor Department,[2] a trustee of the New York Academy of Medicine, serving as its vice-president from 1904 to 1907. Thompson was also President of the New York Botanical Garden,[3] Vice President of Lenox Garden Club and author of medical books, several still used to teach medicine in 2017.[4]


Gilman attanded Yale Sheffield Scientific School, receiving a Ph. B. in 1877. The then pursued medical training at Columbia University, graduating in 1880. He would also receive training at Humboldt University of Berlin amd King's College Hospital, London.

Personal life

Thompson's parents were the abolitionist and Congregational minister Joseph Parrish Thompson and Elizabeth Coit Gilman Thompson, sister of the educator Daniel Coit Gilman.[4] He married Harriet Howard Pomeroy, daughter of John Norton Pomeroy and Ann Rebecca (Carter) Pomeroy.[4]

Published works

  • Practical Dietetics: With Special Reference to Diet in Disease, 1895
  • The Occupational Diseases: Their Causation, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention, 1914
  • A System of Practical Medicine, 1900
  • Training Schools for Nurses, 1883
  • Thompson contributed numerous articles to medical journals and in 1897 was co-editor of American System of Medicine; contributed to Wood's Reference Handbook on the Medical Sciences and Occupational Diseases and Neurosis (1915), to Loose Leaf System of Medicine and Musser and Kelly's Practical Treatment (1917), and to Nelson's Loose Leaf Encyclopedia (1919).[2]


Association of American Physicians

American Medical Association

New York State and County Medical associations

New York Clinical Society

New York Practitioners' Medical and Surgical Society

New Hampshire State Medical Association

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Associations of Alumni of Presbyterian

New York, and Bellevue hospitals and College of Physicians and Surgeons

Council of American Numismatic Society [2]


Joseph Mather Smith Prize for an essay on the valves of the heart.[5]

Harsen Prize


  1. Elliot, A. R. (1872). New York Medical Journal, Volume 108. D. Appleton and Company. p. 687.
  2. "Yale Obituary Record 1925-1952" (PDF).
  3. Whittier Pennel, Francis (1919). Journal of the New York Botanical Garden, Volumes 20-21. Library of the University of Michigan: New Era Printing Company. p. 212.
  4. "Bulletin of Yale University, 1928" (PDF). September 15, 1928.
  5. "Thompson, W. Gilman (William Gilman), 1856-1927". socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-23.
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